nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2013‒04‒06
five papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. Research universities, technology transfer, and job creation: what infrastructure, for what training? By Christian Brodhag
  2. Personal Knowledge of Audit Partners and Organizational Knowledge of Audit Firms and the Impact on Audit Fees By Fukukawa, Hironori; Karube, Masaru
  3. The “advancedness” of knowledge in pollutionsaving technological change with a qualitative application to SO2 cap and trade By David Grover
  4. Knowledge production connected to the social construction of the Urgent Project System in Sharp Co. : Revisiting social constructionism By Toshihiro Kanai; Noboru Matsushima; Mitsuhiro Urano
  5. Knowledge versus technique in SO2-saving technological change: A comparative test using quantile regression with implications for greenhouse gas compliance By David Grover

  1. By: Christian Brodhag (EPICE-ENSMSE - Département Etudes sur la performance, l'Innovation et le Changement en Entreprise - Institut Henri Fayol - École Nationale Supérieure des Mines - Saint-Étienne)
    Abstract: Technology transfer and innovation are considered major drivers of sustainable development; they place knowledge and its dissemination in society at the heart of the development process. This article considers the role of research universities, and how they can interact with key actors and institutions involved in 'innovation ecosystems'. Considering various approaches of innovation and institutional analysis design (IAD), it proposes an institutional model of innovation where different authorities produce rules and knowledge that can be mobilized and/or changed in their respective action arenas. On this conceptual basis, one initiative is described: integrated poles of excellence (IPEs) for renewable energy in West Africa, which were conceptualized as a resource and knowledge centre connected to project implementation.
    Keywords: research universities; innovation; innovation ecosystems; knowledge; institutional analysis design; sustainable development
    Date: 2013–03–14
  2. By: Fukukawa, Hironori; Karube, Masaru
    Abstract: This study develops a conceptual framework for auditor knowledge comprising both the personal knowledge of auditors and the organizational knowledge of audit firms. We use this to examine how three measures of the personal knowledge held by engagement audit partners.the depth and width of knowledge and industry expertise.impact upon audit fees. We find that an engagement partner with deeper knowledge provides audit services more efficiently. In addition, audit fees are negatively associated with partners’ wider knowledge and positively with partners’ industry expertise, but only for audits by Big 4 audit firms.
    Keywords: Personal knowledge, Organizational knowledge, Industry expertise, Engagement partners
    Date: 2013–03
  3. By: David Grover
    Abstract: This paper investigates the extent to which ‘advanced’ knowledge and technology is likely to play a role in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in future by looking at the role that advanced knowledge and technology played in the technological change process that reduced SO2 emissions under the US SO2 cap and trade program. It investigates the hypothesis that advanced knowledge and technology dedicated to pollution abatement played a minor role in that process while pre-existing, relatively unadvanced forms of knowledge and technology played the main role. New qualitative evidence is used to investigate the hypothesis including interviews with electric power plant R&D managers, plant-level compliance data, and the nature of the changes undergone by the boiler manufacturer, coal mining and railroad companies in the plants’ upstream supply chain. The paper finds that advanced knowledge dedicated to pollution abatement like the type now being emphasised for carbon capture and storage (CCS) played a minor role, while unadvanced knowledge and technology as well as general purpose knowledge repurposed to the pollution problem, played the main role. There are limits to how far these findings can be generalised to the role that knowledge will play in controlling GHG emissions. Nonetheless, one contribution is to point out that at least with respect to reducing pollution emissions, ‘innovation’ in pollution control can be inexpensive and effective without involving universal advance in dedicated pollution control technology.
    Date: 2012–11
  4. By: Toshihiro Kanai (Graduate School of Business Administration, Kobe University); Noboru Matsushima (Graduate School of Business Administration, Kobe University); Mitsuhiro Urano (School of Management and Information, University of Shizuoka)
    Abstract: In this article, we propose that the scientific knowledge has a public nature. Our knowledge production, therefore, is inevitably connected to the realities socially constructed. We discuss how our knowledge production is connected to the management practices, according to our field research of the urgent project system in Sharp Co..
    Date: 2012–05
  5. By: David Grover
    Abstract: Greenhouse gas emission limits are a major source of technical and policy uncertainty for electric power industry professionals. This paper tries to reduce some of this uncertainty by investigating the main forces that were responsible for the productivity gains made by the electric power sector with respect to SO2 emissions under the US SO2 cap and trade program. The SO2 cap and trade experience has important parallels with the GHG pollution problem, in both policy design and technical response. Linear and quantile regression are used to compare the effect of new technical knowledge (R&D) on SO2 productivity, against the effect of pre-existing techniques that did not involve very much new knowledge creation. Compliance techniques that involved little new technical knowledge and which were incremental and pragmatic played the most important role in SO2-saving technological change. Implications of this finding for electric power plants’ technical response to GHG pollution limits are elaborated.
    Date: 2012–11

This nep-knm issue is ©2013 by Laura Stefanescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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