nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2012‒07‒08
seven papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. Emergence and Development of Knowledge-Intensive Mining Services (KIMS) By Osvaldo Urzua
  2. Convergence of Knowledge-intensive Sectors and the EU’s External Competitiveness By Sabine Biege; Martin Borowiecki; Bernhard Dachs; Joseph F. Francois; Doris Hanzl-Weiss; Johan Hauknes; Angela Jäger; Mark Knell; Gunter Lay; Olga Pindyuk; Doris Schartinger; Robert Stehrer
  3. The territorial dynamics of innovation in China and India By Riccardo Crescenzi; Andrés Rodríguez-Pose; Michael Storper
  4. Innovative and absorptive capacity effects of education in a small open economy By Brita Bye and Taran Fæhn
  5. Architectures mondiales de la connaissance et de la créativité : Stratégies symétriques et dissonances cognitives By Diani, Morad
  6. Knowledge to Action (K2A) By Luz Ángela García; Elba Luna; Lorena Rodríguez; Micha Van Waesberghe; Darinka Vásquez
  7. Knowledge Capture Interview By Luz Ángela García; Elba Luna; Lorena Rodríguez; Micha Van Waesbergue; Darinka Vásquez Jordán

  1. By: Osvaldo Urzua
    Abstract: This research analyses the dynamics of the emergence and development of internationally competitive KIMS suppliers over the second half of the 20th century. It focuses on the structure of the technological learning and innovation process that accompanied and underpinned the emergence and development of KIMS. It focuses mainly on contrasting the Chilean and Australian experience. However, other mining economies such as South Africa have also been analyzed but in lesser details.
    Date: 2012–06
  2. By: Sabine Biege; Martin Borowiecki; Bernhard Dachs; Joseph F. Francois; Doris Hanzl-Weiss (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw); Johan Hauknes; Angela Jäger; Mark Knell; Gunter Lay; Olga Pindyuk (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw); Doris Schartinger; Robert Stehrer (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)
    Abstract: The share of knowledge-intensive services and products in total output and demand and in the production of advanced, but also less advanced or emerging economies, has steadily increased over time and especially so for the knowledge-intensive services. This ‘quaternization’ of the economies not only points towards the rising shares of services but also stresses the role of knowledge-intensive services and their growing importance as sources of innovation and technology and as inputs into the manufacturing process. First the study documents the important role played by services in the EU as compared to the USA and Japan. Special emphasis is given to the role of knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS). The study then stresses the role of service output of manufacturing firms, a phenomenon also termed ‘convergence process’ which so far has not received much attention in the existing literature. Further it analyses the role of knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) with respect to their role of embodied knowledge flows and linkages between KIBS and manufacturing sectors, underpinning that services have been playing an increasing role in boosting the productivity of manufacturing sectors. Finally, the study focuses on the importance of trade in knowledge-intensive manufacturing and services (overall and KIBS in particular) regarding the competitiveness of the EU with respect to trade in services in general and trade in knowledge-intensive business services in particular.
    Keywords: knowledge intensive sectors, trade in services, service provision of manufacturing firms, inter-sectoral linkages
    JEL: C67 F14 L8 L16 O14 O33 O47
    Date: 2012–04
  3. By: Riccardo Crescenzi; Andrés Rodríguez-Pose; Michael Storper
    Abstract: This paper analyses the geography of innovation in China and India. Using a tailor-made panel database for regions in these two countries, we show that both countries exhibit increasingly strong polarisation of innovative capacity in a limited number of urban areas. But the factors behind this polarisation and the strong contrasts in innovative capacity between the provinces and states within both countries are quite different. In China, the concentration of innovation is fundamentally driven by agglomeration forces, linked to population, industrial specialisation and infrastructure endowment. Innovative areas in China, rather than generate knowledge spillovers, seem to produce strong backwash effects. In India, by contrast, innovation is much more dependent on a combination of good local socioeconomic structures and investment in science and technology. Indian innovation hubs also generate positive knowledge spillovers to other regions.
    Keywords: Innovation; R&D; socioeconomic conditions; geography; regions; China; India
    JEL: R11 R12 O32 O33
    Date: 2012–06–22
  4. By: Brita Bye and Taran Fæhn (Statistics Norway)
    Abstract: Evidence points to relatively low supply elasticities for workers skilled for research and development (R&D), which can hamper innovation and growth. Increasing the supply of R&D skills will expand an economy's innovative capacity. A simultaneous effect of increased education, which is particularly important for small, open economies, is to raise final goods producers’ capacity to absorb cross-border knowledge spillovers. In a calibrated endogenous growth model for Norway, we find that increasing the share of highly educated workers has pronounced absorptive capacity effects that partially crowd out R&D-based innovation. Both innovative and absorptive capacity expansions contribute to higher growth and welfare.
    Keywords: Absorptive capacity; Computable general equilibrium model; Endogenous growth; Human capital; Innovation; Research and Development
    JEL: O30 O41
    Date: 2012–06
  5. By: Diani, Morad
    Abstract: For centuries, the “left brain” prevailed and has been particularly deployed in the processes of value creation. Nowadays, the advent of creative industries seems to be synonymous to a revenge of the “right brain”. The main conclusion of this article is that these new dynamics would involve mainly the Northern Hemisphere, capitalizing on age-long creative cultural genes and receptive grounds. Through the iPad stylized fact and the Sperry's model of hemispheric specialization, this article discusses the degree of appropriation of the intangible-based economic dynamics in both developed, emerging and peripheral countries, and outlines the contours of the global architectures of knowledge and creativity.
    Keywords: Economics of Knowledge; Knowledge-based Economy; Creative Economy
    JEL: F02 D89 O33 A10
    Date: 2012–07–01
  6. By: Luz Ángela García; Elba Luna; Lorena Rodríguez; Micha Van Waesberghe; Darinka Vásquez
    Abstract: This document describes the 'Knowledge to Action' methodology, which produces and organizes actionable 'Key Learnings' for re-use by their target audience. Key Learnings captured from individual projects can help teams solve current operational challenges and improve performance indicators. The cumulative capture of Key Learnings from multiple projects in a specific country, (sub-)sector, or business process allow for the compilation and validation of a critical mass of relevant knowledge, which can be disseminated effectively through an integrated online knowledge base and/or be leveraged to develop or update training or other capacity building efforts.
    Keywords: Education, LESSONS LEARNED
    Date: 2012–06
  7. By: Luz Ángela García; Elba Luna; Lorena Rodríguez; Micha Van Waesbergue; Darinka Vásquez Jordán
    Abstract: This document provides information about the Knowledge Capture Interview, one of the methods used within the Bank's cycle to learn from experience. Specifically, it is a `learning after doing' technique that helps teams identify and share what worked and what hasn't worked, so that others within their family of projects (country, sector, or subsector portfolio) can take advantage of what has been learned.
    Keywords: Education, lessons learned
    Date: 2012–06

This nep-knm issue is ©2012 by Laura Stefanescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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