nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2012‒01‒18
five papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. Knowledge Accumulation within an Organization By Ngo Van Long; Antoine Soubeyran; Raphael Soubeyran
  2. Knowledge networking and growth in service firms By B. SCHOONJANS; P. VAN CAUWENBERGE; H. VANDER BAUWHEDE
  4. Innovation, Employment and Skills in Advanced and Developing Countries: A Survey of the Literature By Marco Vivarelli
  5. Innovation assessment in a local branch of a rail transport manufacture industry - A case study By Nuno Boavida; Susana Martins Moretto

  1. By: Ngo Van Long; Antoine Soubeyran; Raphael Soubeyran
    Abstract: We develop a simple model of task allocation for knowledge workers over their career within an organization. The human capital theory initiated by Becker (1962, 1964) has o¤ered a rich analysis of an individuals life cycle investment in human capital. One of the main result of this literature states that human capital investments are undertaken at the early stage of the career because workers have then a longer period of time over which they can bene…t from the return of their investments. In this paper, we consider a knowledge accumulation problem within an organization that cannot prevent the worker from quitting and using the knowledge outside the organization. In the …rst best situation, we show a similar result as in the human capital theory, i.e. the share of time allocated to knowledge creation tasks decreases over time. We then ask how this pattern is a¤ected when the knowledge worker can leave the organization and bene…t from this knowledge outside the organization. In this case, we obtain the novel result that the time path of the fraction of working time allocated to knowledge creation tasks is non-monotone. This fraction is highest at the early career stage, falls gradually, then rises again, before falling …nally toward zero. We also show that an increase in the …rm-speci…city of knowledge can increase or decrease the life-time income of the knowledge worker.
    Date: 2012–01
    Abstract: This paper empirically assesses whether knowledge networking affects the growth of small service firms. More specifically, using a large, unbalanced panel data set for the period 1992- 2009, we investigate whether participation in a knowledge network called PLATO is positively related to service firm growth. Our results show that knowledge networking has a highly significant positive effect on the growth in net assets and added value of service firms. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the positive effect of knowledge networking on firm growth is significantly larger for service than for manufacturing firms, indicating that industry drives networking success.
    Keywords: networking, growth, service sector, SME, knowledge
    Date: 2011–10
  3. By: Emmanuel Ruzé (LTCI - Laboratoire traitement et communication de l'information - CNRS : UMR5141 - Institut Télécom - Télécom ParisTech)
    Abstract: We use cognitive economics tools, never mentioned before in Information systems studies, to provide an economic reinterpretation of case studies about coupling business process reengineering and ERP implementation. We set out its specificities and show the crucial significance of organizational uncertainty and knowledge management. We explain that economic coordination and complex reliability issues in firm strategies can be simulated by experimental economics and exhaustively explained by a simple and general economic model based on bounded rationality
    Keywords: Cognitive Economics, ERP, BPR, shared mental models, ICT practice.
    Date: 2011–09–24
  4. By: Marco Vivarelli
    Abstract: This paper critically discusses the theoretical and empirical literature on the quantitative and qualitative employment impact of technological change, compares the relative explanatory power of the competing theories, and explains in detail the macro and micro evidence on the issue, with reference both to the advanced economies and the developing countries (DCs).
    Keywords: Science & Technology :: New Technologies, Science & Technology, Technology, innovation, employment, skill, skill-biased technological change
    JEL: O33
    Date: 2011–12
  5. By: Nuno Boavida (IET, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia); Susana Martins Moretto (IET, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia)
    Abstract: In the context of the revitalization of the Portuguese railway sector with the construction of the high-speed railway network, the working paper proposes an analysis of the results found from the application of an innovation scoring to the Portuguese branch of a global multinational in the railway business. The aim of this exercise is to learn on the innovation management flow between the global corporation and the local branch in Portugal. It also aims to assess the degree of local innovation multinationals generate in view of such type of mega public investments. The working paper is structured in five chapters. In chapter one introduces the innovation scoring tool, instrument of work; chapter two covers the methodology used; the chapter tree presents the case study, subject of research; chapter four presents the findings; and chapter 5 closes with concluding remarks.
    Keywords: railway sector; Portugal; innovation scoring; global corporation
    JEL: M16 R42
    Date: 2011–03

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