nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2011‒07‒13
six papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. HOW TO MANAGE TACIT AND EXPLICIT KNOWLEDGE IN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT (SCM) PROCESS By Zahra Fallah Ebrahimi; Reza Hosseini Rad; Saeid zarezadeh; Morteza Meshkani
  2. GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT By Mohamad hasan Mohsen nasab; Mohammad ali enayati shiraz; Issa heydari; Masood Hamzehpour; Ganbar mirnehad
  3. Knowledge Sharing in Non-Knowledge Intensive Organizations: When Social Networks do not Matter? By Capellen, van der J.; Koppius, O.R.; Dittrich, K.
  5. Economic culture and knowledge economy By Teiu , Codrin-Marius
  6. Intellectual Property Rights and South-North Formation of Global Innovation Networks By M. Comune; A. Naghavi; G. Prarolo

  1. By: Zahra Fallah Ebrahimi; Reza Hosseini Rad; Saeid zarezadeh; Morteza Meshkani
    Abstract: One of the most important sources of Competitive Advantage for firms is knowledge. Knowledge management emphasizes how firms can to use more effective utilization of knowledge assets. Enabling new knowledge creation is a critical factor for competitive advantage. Knowledge creation is the most importance to a firm’s strategy
    Keywords: Competitive Advantage, tacit knowledge, explicit knowledge, Supply Chain Management
    JEL: M00
    Date: 2011–06
  2. By: Mohamad hasan Mohsen nasab (Islamic azad university Shoushtar branch, Iran); Mohammad ali enayati shiraz (Islamic azad university andimeshk branch, Iran); Issa heydari (Islamic azad university Shuster branch, Iran); Masood Hamzehpour (Islamic azad university Bagh malek branch, Iran); Ganbar mirnehad (Islamic azad university Shoushtar branch, Iran)
    Abstract: The development of better tools and methods will facilitate the capture codification; use and exploitation of the knowledge and experience of employees are basic assumption in knowledge management. A great need has been felt in recent years for using knowledge that is hardly establish in government organization. Globalization in alteration and the induction of values such as contribution, citizen-oriented ness and knowledge-oriented ness in modern theories of public administration and also issues such as government-shrinkage and exertion of instead of incumbency make it necessary for government organization. this article explain that knowledge management obstacles in government organization are: Cultural and human factors-structural factors- political factors
    Keywords: knowledge, knowledge management, government organization
    JEL: M00
    Date: 2011–06
  3. By: Capellen, van der J.; Koppius, O.R.; Dittrich, K.
    Abstract: Considerable attention has been paid to the network determinants of knowledge sharing. However, most, if not all, of the studies investigating the determinants of knowledge sharing are either focused on knowledge-intensive organizations such as consultancy firms or R&D organizations, or knowledge workers in regular organizations, while lesser knowledge intensive organizations or non-knowledge workers are rarely explored. This is a gap in the literature on social networks and knowledge sharing. In this paper, the relations between network determinants and actor determinants of knowledge sharing are empirically tested by means of a network survey in a less knowledge intensive organization, specifically employees of a Dutch department store chain. The results show that individual-level variables such as departmental commitment and enjoyment in helping others are the major determinants of individuals’ knowledge sharing behavior, but none of the social network variables play a role. The results thus present an important boundary condition to social networks effects on knowledge sharing: social networks only seem to play a role in knowledge sharing for knowledge workers, not for blue-collar workers.
    Keywords: knowledge sharing;social networks;non-knowledge intensive organizations
    Date: 2011–05–13
  4. By: Seyed Ahmad Hashemi (Vice-president for education, Islamic Azad University, Lamerd Branch, Iran)
    Abstract: Rapid changes in information age has faced all organizations and human based associations like education departments with challenges such as globalization, heavy competition, lack of supplies as well as unpredictable fluctuations. So to meet the new conditions education has to reform and use more information and communication technology, as ICT plays an important role in education. Thus for changing communications technology to public culture, a detailed analysis of this important subject with a systematic attitude in education, establishment of virtual schools, cooperation and coordination in all official organizations, private sectors and legislation is required. This essays discusses how the application of ICT would lead to efficiency in education systems, equal educational opportunities for students in all levels, quantitative and qualitative progress in education, creating a research spirit among teachers and students, enrichment of self-assessment, improvement of decision making and understanding knowledge, educating experts and finally the prevention of brain drain
    Keywords: Quality, technology, Information, Communication and brain drain
    JEL: M00
    Date: 2011–06
  5. By: Teiu , Codrin-Marius
    Abstract: Abstract This paper presents itself as a critical analysis on knowledge economy and its place in the economic culture. After framing the subject area I will continue with an inventory of ideas on the subject followed by an analysis of the various ways in which knowledge is perceived: as a production factor, as a public good, knowledge through innovation, the link between knowledge and economic growth, the link between economic growth and investing in higher education. The analysis concludes with a series of arguments for and against a knowledge based economy.
    Keywords: economical theory; knowledge economy
    JEL: D8
    Date: 2011–05–10
  6. By: M. Comune; A. Naghavi; G. Prarolo
    Abstract: With the rise of the knowledge economy, delivering sound innovation policies requires a thorough understanding of how knowledge is produced and diffused. This paper takes a step to analyze a new form of globalization, the so-called system of Global Innovation Networks (GINs), to shed light on how the protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs) influences their creation and development. We focus on the role of IPR protection in fostering international innovative activities in emerging economies (South), such as China and India, and more generally, how IPRs affect the development of GINs between newly industrialized countries and OECD countries. Using both survey-based firm-level and country-level global data, we find IPRs to be an important determinant of participation in GINS from a Southern perspective. We find IPR protection at home and its harmonization across county pairs foster South-North formation of GINs. We also find that a stringent regime in the destination country discourages foreign international innovative activities that originate in NICs. Both levels of our analysis confirm the ICT industry, particularly the hardware segment, to rely on IPRs when engaging in the international outsourcing and offshoring of innovation or in patenting activities abroad.
    JEL: D23 F53 O34
    Date: 2011–06

This nep-knm issue is ©2011 by Laura Stefanescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.