nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2011‒05‒14
six papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. The impact of science and technology parks on firms´ product innovation: empirical evidence from Spain By Vásquez Urriago, Ángela Rocio; Barge-Gil, Andrés; Modrego Rico, Aurelia; Paraskevopoulou, Evita
  2. Assessing the potential for knowledge-based development in transition countries By Reinhilde Veugelers
  3. Leveraging Training Skills Development in SMEs: An Analysis of Zaglebie Sub-Region, Poland By Michal Kubisz
  4. Synergistic effects of organizational innovation practices and firm performance By MOTHE Caroline; NGUYEN Thi Thuc Uyen; NGUYEN-VAN Phu
  5. Local Universities as Engines for Innovation and Regional Development in Southern Economies with Reference to MOROCCO By Driouchi, Ahmed; Zouag, Nada
  6. Local Knowledge and Agricultural Sustainability: A Case Study of Pradhan Tribe in Adilabad District By Anil Kumar K

  1. By: Vásquez Urriago, Ángela Rocio; Barge-Gil, Andrés; Modrego Rico, Aurelia; Paraskevopoulou, Evita
    Abstract: Science and Technology Parks (STP) are one of the most important and extensive innovation policy initiatives introduced in recent years. This work evaluates the impact of STP on firm product innovation in the Spanish context. Spain is less developed than most of the advanced countries, and regional and national governments are prioritizing STP initiatives. The large firm sample for our study is from the Spanish Technological Innovation Survey, provided by the National Statistical Institute. We focus on average treatment effects for firms located in 22 Spanish STP. Our results show that Spanish STP have a strong and positive impact on the probability and amount of product innovation achieved by STP located firms. These results hold for different assumptions about the mechanisms underlying location in a STP.
    Keywords: Science and Technology Parks; product innovation; treatment effects; regional development policies.
    JEL: R53 L25 O25 O18 L38 O30 H76
    Date: 2011–02–25
  2. By: Reinhilde Veugelers
    Abstract: This Working Paper by Bruegel Senior Fellow Reinhilde Veugelers examines the potential for a knowledge-based growth path in transition countries of central and eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia. The paper looks closely at how total-factor productivity, a residual growth factor commonly interpreted as reflecting technological progress, drives growth rates in these economies which exhibit a much lower GDP per capita compared to the EU15 or the United States.  By analysing the prerequisites for knowledge-based growth, the author explains why transition countries are at a systemic disadvantage relative to the EU15, US and Japan and have limited potential for knowledge-based growth.
    Date: 2010–05
  3. By: Michal Kubisz
    Abstract: This report, one of five country reports from the LEED study on Leveraging Training and Skills Development in SMEs, examines the development needs and the barriers to accessing training and other forms of skills development facing SMEs in Poland. Insights from this study on the processes and learning models from Polish SMEs, together with the international comparisons with other OECD countries, are a valuable addition to the knowledge base on SMEs development. The other countries participating in the study are Belgium, Canada, the United Kingdom and New Zealand.
    Date: 2011–05
  4. By: MOTHE Caroline; NGUYEN Thi Thuc Uyen; NGUYEN-VAN Phu
    Abstract: Organizational innovation has been shown to be favourable for technological innovation. However, the question of which organizational practices should be combined – and thus of their compatibility – remains unanswered. We here empirically investigate the complementarities between different organizational practices (business practices, knowledge management, workplace organization and external relations). Firm-level data were drawn from the Community Innovation Survey (CIS) carried out in 2008 in Luxembourg. Supermodularity tests provide evidence of the impact of complementary asset management to raise firms’ innovative performance. The organizational practices’ combinations differ according to whether the firm is in the first step of the innovation process (i.e. being innovative) or in a later step (i.e. performing as far as innovation is concerned). When adopting organizational practices, managers should therefore be aware of their effects on technological innovation. These results also have implications for public policies in terms of innovation support.
    Keywords: Complementarities; Organizational innovation; Technological innovations; Supermodularity; Innovative performance
    Date: 2011–05
  5. By: Driouchi, Ahmed; Zouag, Nada
    Abstract: Abstract: The objective of this paper is to show that universities can be engines for local development in Southern economies. Previous contributions to the literature on this subject have already shown the positive effects of regional sources of tacit knowledge on local development. Using data on developed, developing and emerging countries, regression analysis is pursued with the available data. The attained results show that developing economies do have room for local development as this can be further provided by regional universities and schools. These potential gains have been expressed to be higher for developing and emerging countries. These results imply that developing and emerging countries can enhance their local and overall development through the promotion of local universities and schools but these sources of skills and knowledge need to be tied with the local needs of the population as in developed countries. The case of Morocco illustrates the potential and positive effects of regional universities on local development. The transmission channel includes encouragement of skills, access to patents and intellectual property rights protection besides enterprise creation and implementation. These trends are likely to be accelerated within the regionalization process and the role of regional knowledge centers.
    Keywords: universities-innovations-local development-Southern countries-Morocco
    JEL: R10 O18 O31
    Date: 2011–04–29
  6. By: Anil Kumar K
    Abstract: The paper presents some empirical data from the Pradhan Tribe of Andhra Pradesh which highlights the community's indigenous agricultural knowledge and the changes over time. These custodians of indigenous knowledge and world view practices play a very important role in agricultural development. The study was conducted in the year 2008 at different times. The Pradhans are still subsistence farmers, who primarily depend on agriculture. Subsistence economy and food security of the Pradhans depends mainly on cultivation in the fields and kitchen gardens. [Working Paper No. 81]. URL:[ P_81.pdf]
    Keywords: subsistence farmers, pradhan, Adilabad District, agriculture, cultivation, fields, kitchen gardens, community, indigenous, knowledge, development, agricultural, farmers, Andhra Pradesh, land-owning families, animal husbandry, developing societies, tribes,
    Date: 2011

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