nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2010‒12‒11
six papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. Comparing systems approaches to innovation and technological change for sustainable and competitive economies: an explorative study into conceptual commonalities, differences and complementarities By Coenen, Lars; Díaz López , Fernando J
  2. Building a "creative culture" for sustainable innovation By Miller, Paddy; Brankovic, Azra
  3. Innovation in symbolic industries: the geography and organisation of knowledge sourcing By Martin, Roman; Moodysson, Jerker
  4. Knowledge Enclosures, Forced Specializations and Investment Crisis By Filippo Belloc; Ugo Pagano
  5. Who leads Research Productivity Change? Guidelines for R&D policy makers By Jiménez-Sáez, Fernando; Zabala, Jon Mikel; Zofío, José L.
  6. From Basic Research to Innovation: Innovation policies for development: towards a systemic experimentation based approach By Chaminade, Cristina; Lundvall, Bengt-Ake; Vang-Lauridsen, Jan; Joseph, KJ

  1. By: Coenen, Lars (CIRCLE, Lund University); Díaz López , Fernando J (TNO Innovation and Environment)
    Abstract: This paper makes a distinction between three theoretical frameworks that have been highly influential in the discourse on innovation, competitiveness and sustainability: sectoral systems of innovation (SSI), technological innovation systems (TIS) and sociotechnical systems (ST-Systems). These frameworks share a common systems approach to innovation but are often positioned as different bodies of literature that correspond to different epistemic communities. This paper is explorative and conceptual in nature. It presents a systematic comparative review of SSI, TIS and ST-Systems based on the following analytical dimensions: (1) system boundaries, (2) actors and networks, (3) institutions, (4) knowledge, and (5) dynamics. In the concluding section commonalities and differences, of the three approaches are presented and suggestions for complimentarily are made.
    Keywords: Innovation Policy; Innovation System; Governmental Activism; Governmental Experimentalism
    JEL: O30
    Date: 2010–11–01
  2. By: Miller, Paddy (IESE Business School); Brankovic, Azra (IESE Business School)
    Abstract: Innovation has shifted from being about one-off phenomena to being a continuous effort requiring creative engagement and alert responsiveness from organizational actors. As more companies face the need to build a system-wide and sustainable capacity for innovation, creating a "culture of innovation" is becoming a priority. The concept of an "innovation culture" remains undertheorized in the literature, however. We offer a conceptual and practical framework for building an innovation culture in an organization. Specifically, we show how a cultural infrastructure that orients actors in the practices of creativity and improvisation combines with individual meaning-making processes to simultaneously generate innovation and an innovation culture across an organization.
    Keywords: innovation; organizational culture; creativity; improvisation;
    Date: 2010–09–07
  3. By: Martin, Roman (CIRCLE, Lund University); Moodysson, Jerker (CIRCLE, Lund University)
    Abstract: This paper deals with geographical and organisational patterns of knowledge flows in the media industry of southern Sweden, an industry that is characterised by a strong ‘symbolic’ knowledge base. Aim is to address the question of the local versus the non-local as the prime arena for knowledge exchange, and to examine the organisational patterns of knowledge sourcing with specific attention paid to the nature of the knowledge sourced. Symbolic industries draw heavily on creative production and a cultural awareness that is strongly embedded in the local context; thus knowledge flows and networks are expected to be most of all locally configured, and firms to rely on informal knowledge sources rather than scientific knowledge or principles. Based on structured and semi-structured interviews with firm representatives, these assumptions are empirically assessed through social network analysis and descriptive statistics. Our findings show that firms rely above all on knowledge that is generated in project work through learning-by-doing and by interaction with other firms in localised networks. The analysis contributes to transcending the binary arguments on the role of geography for knowledge exchange which tend to dominate the innovation studies literature.
    Keywords: knowledge base; cultural industry; regional innovation system; network analysis; Sweden
    JEL: O30
    Date: 2010–12–01
  4. By: Filippo Belloc; Ugo Pagano
    Abstract: Like land before the industrial revolution, much knowledge is being enclosed in private hands. These enclosures have become a major factor in specialization among firms and among countries: both are forced to specialize in the fields that are not restricted by the enclosures of the others. This forced specialization is highly asymmetric and involves strong self-reinforcing innovation patterns: we show that it is mainly driven by the existing knowledge enclosures, and that it polarizes investment opportunities among firms and, even more so, among countries. Moreover, also the world economy as a whole suffers from this restriction of investment opportunities, which, in our view, is one of the factors contributing to the present crisis.
    Keywords: IPRs, innovation, knowledge enclosure, technological specialization
    JEL: F14 L20 O34 P17
    Date: 2010–10
  5. By: Jiménez-Sáez, Fernando (INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management, Univ. Polytechnic of Valencia); Zabala, Jon Mikel (CIRCLE, Lund University); Zofío, José L. (Department of Economic Analysis, Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain)
    Abstract: Relying on efficiency analysis we evaluate to what extent policy makers have been able to promote the establishment of consolidated and comprehensive research groups to contribute to the implementation of a successful innovation system for the Spanish food technology sector, oriented to the production of knowledge based on an application model. Using data envelopment analysis techniques and Malmquist productivity indices we find pervasive levels of inefficiency and a typology of different research strategies. Among these, in contrast to what has been assumed, established groups do not play the pre-eminent benchmarking role; rather, partially oriented, specialized and "shooting star" groups are the most common patterns. These results correspond with an infant innovation system, where the fostering of higher levels of efficiency and promotion of the desired research patterns are ongoing.
    Keywords: Innovation Policy; Management; Productivity Change; Malmquist Index; Distance Function
    JEL: C43 D24 O47
    Date: 2010–10–30
  6. By: Chaminade, Cristina (University of Bristol); Lundvall, Bengt-Ake (CBS, Aalborg University); Vang-Lauridsen, Jan (Copenhagen Institute of Technology, Aalborg University); Joseph, KJ (Centre for Development Studies (CDS))
    Abstract: This paper sheds light on how to address, conceptualize and design innovation policies taking into account the specific characteristics of innovation systems in developing countries. The main purpose is to reflect on the policy implications of adopting the innovation system perspective to the particularities of developing countries
    Keywords: innovation systems; innovation policies; developing countries
    JEL: O38
    Date: 2010–01–30

This nep-knm issue is ©2010 by Laura Stefanescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.