nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2010‒09‒11
six papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. Technology that Produces Sustainable Competitiveness : A Comparison of Innovative Technologies and Accumulated-knowledge Technologies By Nobeoka, Kentaro
  2. The Importance of Broadband Provision to Knowledge Intensive Firm Location By Elizabeth A. Mack; Luc Anselin; Tony H. Grubesic
  3. Managing Knowledge, Creating Networks and Triggering Innovations for Sustainable Agriculture By Anil. K Gupta
  4. The creative intelligence By Kaies Samet
  5. "Knowledge-Capital, International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment: A Sectoral Analysis" By Titus O. Awokuse; Keith E. Maskus; Yiting An
  6. Science-Based Business : Knowledge Capital or Entrepreneurial Ability? : Theory and Evidence from a Survey of Biotechnology Start-ups By Braguinsky, Serguey; Honjo, Yuji; Nagaoka, Sadao; Nakamura, Kenta

  1. By: Nobeoka, Kentaro
    Abstract: Approaches that serve as a source of technology that produces sustainable competitiveness can be classified into two types: the acquisition of patents based on innovative technology (innovative technologies), and accumulation of knowledge over many years in specific technical fields (accumulated-knowledge technologies). This paper compares the influence these two sources of technological advantage have on corporate competitiveness. As a conclusion, accumulated-knowledge technologies are demonstrated to be more important for sustainable competitiveness than innovative technologies. This tendency is especially notable when technological change is rapid.
    Keywords: Sustainable competitiveness, Innovative technologies, Accumulated-knowledge technologies, Organizational capabilities
    Date: 2010–08
  2. By: Elizabeth A. Mack (GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation; Arizona State University); Luc Anselin (GeoDa Center for Geospatial Analysis and Computation; Arizona State University); Tony H. Grubesic
    Abstract: Despite the volume of literature afforded knowledge work and innovations in information and communications technologies (ICTs), few studies have examined the importance of ICTs to firms in knowledge industries. This study will develop spatial econometric models to examine the relative importance of the level of broadband provision to knowledge intensive firms in select U.S.  metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs). Results demonstrate the need for both a spatial econometric and a metropolitan area specific evaluation of this relationship. They also suggest potential spillover effects to knowledge intensive firm location, which may explain why some regional economies are relatively more successful at stimulating firm growth in this increasingly important sector of the U.S economy.
    Date: 2010
  3. By: Anil. K Gupta
    Abstract: In this paper, the author discuss the major knowledge gaps, stress the importance of peer learning and building upon farmers’ own innovations and suggest new initiatives for transforming extension strategies. He have also argued that focus only on primary production in agricultural will not be viable in the long run. Value addition is necessary and extension for the purpose requires lot of action research. Village Knowledge Management Systems (VKMS) need to be developed for which a proposal has already been submitted to the Department of Science and Technology. An outline of the same is given in the paper to trigger further discussion. Farmers suicides in many states should have warranted a review of extension strategies much earlier. The proposed model aims to develop and monitor early warning signals of the socio ecological stress and recommend real time solutions. [W.P. No. 2009-03-05]
    Keywords: Conventional, agricultural, Village Knowledge Management Systems (VKMS), Ministry of Agriculture, farmers
    Date: 2010
  4. By: Kaies Samet (R.U.E.D - Research Unit in Economy of Development - Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management of Sfax)
    Abstract: The creative intelligence lies in the framework of the "intelligent" way which must be used to assure creativity and, thus, innovation. As its name suggests, the creative intelligence excludes imitation. Therefore, firstly, it requires an important R&D investment that manifests itself in the developed countries. The resulting technological change seems to be a necessary but insufficient condition to assure innovation. Indeed, two other factors are necessary for that: the patent, as a form of protection of the rights of intellectual property, and the human capital (and thus education). The resulting innovation can be of two forms: either horizontal or vertical, though more interest should be given to vertical innovations since there is a priority of households for quality.
    Keywords: R&D; horizontal innovation; vertical innovation; technological obsolescence; creative destruction
    Date: 2010–08–30
  5. By: Titus O. Awokuse (Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Delaware); Keith E. Maskus (Department of Economics,University of Colorado); Yiting An (Senior Economist, Ernst and Young Consulting)
    Abstract: The knowledge-capital (KC) model of MNEs is now a widely adopted empirical approach to explaining the location and production decisions of global firms based on both horizontal and vertical motivations. While most of the existing studies have focused on highly aggregated national data, we extend this model to sectoral data consisting of broad manufacturing industries and explicitly account for the dynamic nature of international investment data. The empirical results from a dynamic panel data analysis indicate that that the predictions of the KC model regarding MNE behavior vary by the type of industry. Production processes in electronics and transportation-equipment are more characterized by efficient vertical specialization of R&D activities and assembly, while other sectors display more complex motivations.
    Keywords: FDI, knowledge-capital model, exports, GMM
    JEL: F14 F23 L23
    Date: 2010
  6. By: Braguinsky, Serguey; Honjo, Yuji; Nagaoka, Sadao; Nakamura, Kenta
    Abstract: We present a model of science-based entrepreneurship where ideas initially produced by researchers with high-level knowledge capital may be developed by high-ability entrepreneurs. With moderate investment costs, startups continuously managed by inventors-founders coexist in equilibrium with startups that experience entrepreneurial turnover. The model predicts that startups managed by non-founder entrepreneurs would on average outperform the startups managed by their founders and that better functioning of the market for entrepreneurial talent should result in more entrepreneurial turnover in equilibrium which in its turn leads to more ideas being commercialized and higher rewards to successful startups. The predictions of the model are tested against a unique dataset drawing upon a representative sample of biotechnology startups in Japan and are found to be broadly supported in the data.
    Keywords: Science-based Business, Biotechnology, Start-ups, Entrepreneurship, Innovation
    JEL: O31 O32
    Date: 2010–09

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