nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2010‒04‒04
three papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. Communities, Knowledge, and Innovation: Indian Immigrants in the US Semiconductor Industry By Paul Almeida; Anupama Phene; Sali Li
  2. Structural Change, Innovation and Growth in the Single EU Market By Paul J.J. Welfens; Dora Borbély
  3. The periphery paradox in innovation policy: Latin America and Eastern Europe Compared By Rainer Kattel; Annalisa Primi

  1. By: Paul Almeida (Georgetown University); Anupama Phene (George Washington University); Sali Li (University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the influence of technological, geographic, and ethnic communities on the innovativeness of Indian inventors. We study Indian inventors in the semiconductor industry in the US and examine their patenting profiles between 1975 and 1999 to identify the influences on the quantity and quality of their innovations. We find that inventors who rely on knowledge from technological and geographic communities enhance their innovativeness. Knowledge from the ethnic Indian community is related to inventor innovativeness in the form of an inverted U. The negative effect of knowledge gained from the ethnic community on innovativeness is pronounced for experienced inventors.
    Keywords: innovation, knowledge, semiconductor industry
    JEL: M0 M1
    Date: 2010–03–24
  2. By: Paul J.J. Welfens (EUropäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW)); Dora Borbély (EUropäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW))
    Abstract: An analysis of structural change along its main dimensions (relative goods and factor prices, shifts in sectoral output and employment shares, and the respective contributions of process and product innovation) is first presented. Next, capital mobility is introduced as well as Sinn's controversial characterization of the large German trade surplus against the backdrop of the increase in international outsourcing. The authors then flesh out the model to show that growth, at least in the medium term, hinges on both demand and supply-side dynamics, with the structure of output and the intensity of trade contributing to growth. Finally, in this exegesis on structural change, innovation, and growth, some dynamic Schumpeterian considerations are offered. The bottom line is that the ability of firms from EU15 countries to rely on imported intermediate products from EU accession countries is the basis for gaining competitiveness in both the global economy and vis-à-vis the United States. It enables them to become more price competitive while restructuring domestic outsourcing in the EU15, making it more focused on producing technologically advanced intermediate products than heretofore. A detailed set of empirical regularities are investigated along two main dimensions: innovation traits and structural change, and Sinn's bazaar effect. International competitiveness is evaluated on the basis of revealed comparative advantage indicators (RCAs) and export unit values (EUVs).
    Keywords: Open Economy Macroeconomics, Innovation Dynamics, Structural Change
    JEL: F41 F43 O33
    Date: 2009–08
  3. By: Rainer Kattel; Annalisa Primi
    Abstract: In this paper we are interested in analyzing the dynamics of the innovation policy in non-frontier countries, and their relationship with structural change and development.
    Date: 2010–03

This nep-knm issue is ©2010 by Laura Stefanescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.