nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2010‒01‒30
six papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. Recombinant Knowledge and Growth: The Case of ICTs By Cristiano Antonelli; Jackie Krafft; Francesco Quatraro
  2. Not invented here: Technology licensing, knowledge transfer and innovation based on public research By Guido Buenstorf; Matthias Geissler
  3. Renewables and Innovation - Empirical Assessment and Theoretical Considerations By Leo Wangler
  5. Knowledge Flow in East Asia and Beyond By Albert Guangzhou Hu
  6. Human resource management and learning for innovation: pharmaceuticals in Mexico By Santiago-Rodriguez, Fernando

  1. By: Cristiano Antonelli (Department of Economics, University of Turin - University of Turin); Jackie Krafft (GREDEG - Groupe de recherche en Droit Economie Gestion - Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis); Francesco Quatraro (Department of Economics, University of Turin - University of Turin, GREDEG - Groupe de recherche en Droit Economie Gestion - Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis)
    Abstract: The economics of recombinant knowledge is a promising field of investigation. New technological systems emerge when strong cores of complementary knowledge consolidate and feed an array of coherent applications and implementations. However, diminishing returns to recombination eventually emerge, and the rates of growth of technological systems gradually decline. Empirical evidence based on analysis of the co-occurrence of technological classes within two or more patent applications, allows the identification and measurement of the dynamics of knowledge recombination. Our analysis focus on patent applications to the European Patent Office, in the period 1981-2003, and provides empirical evidence on the emergence of the new technological system based upon information and communication technologies (ICTs) and their wide scope of applications as the result of a process of knowledge recombination. The empirical investigation confirms that the recombination process has been more effective in countries characterized by higher levels of coherence and specialization of their knowledge space. Countries better able to master the recombinant generation of new technological knowledge have experienced higher rates of increase of national multifactor productivity growth.
    Date: 2010
  2. By: Guido Buenstorf; Matthias Geissler
    Abstract: Using a new dataset encompassing more than 2,200 inventions made by Max Planck Society researchers from 1980 to 2004, we explore how licensee and technology characteristics affect the licensing and commercialization of technologies from public research. We find no evidence that spin-offs and external licensees systematically differ in their likelihood of successful commercialization. Technologies licensed to foreign firms are less often commercialized, which may reflect selection effects. Patented technologies and inventions by senior scientists are more likely to be licensed, but patent protection is related to lower commercialization odds and lower royalty payments.
    Keywords: Licensing, public research, cognitive distance, entrepreneurship, Max Planck Society Length 24 pages
    JEL: L26 O32 O34
    Date: 2009–12
  3. By: Leo Wangler (University of Jena, School of Economics and Business Administration)
    Abstract: This study is about structural change in the energy system. In a first step an econometric model is presented and in a second step diffusion of GTs is embedded theoretically. By focusing on different green technology industries (GT sector) in Germany, we analyze how policy induced demand stimulates innovation. Taking the size of the market as a proxy for demand and patent counts as a proxy for innovation, we find support that the presence of institutions enabling diffusion of GTs are correlated with innovative activity. Public R&D expenditures also play a significant role. We additionally control for a structural break by comparing the two institutional settings incorporated into the legal system in Germany, namely the Stromeinspeisegesetz (SEG) and the Erneuerbare Energiengesetz (EEG). We cannot find support for the supposition that innovative activity significantly differs for diffusion under the SEG and EEG. The empirical findings also show that electricity prices are not the driving force for innovative activity within the GT sector. The discussion at the end of the paper comes to the result that diffusion of GTs - under the EEG - is difficult to be justified theoretically.
    Keywords: Renewable Energies, Demand Pull, Structural Change
    JEL: L52 O31 O32 Q01 Q5
    Date: 2010–01–15
  4. By: Thulin, Per (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the relationship between inter-firm labor mobility and regional productivity growth. Previous studies have shown that density is positively correlated with growth. I claim that it is not density in itself, but rather the attributes associated with it that drives economic growth. One such attribute is the increased possibility for labor mobility and knowledge diffusion that follows when firms and individuals locate in close proximity to each other. This hypothesis is tested using a matched employer-employee dataset where regional labor mobility is instrumented with density. The result shows that labor mobility increases regional growth rates.
    Keywords: Labor mobility; regional growth; agglomeration economies
    JEL: J62 R11 R23
    Date: 2009–12–18
  5. By: Albert Guangzhou Hu (Singapore Centre for Applied and Policy Economics)
    Abstract: East Asia is emerging as a hub of technological innovation. This paper investigates the extent to which East Asia has become a source of international knowledge diffusion and whether such diffusion is localized to the region. Using citations made by U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) granted patents to other USPTO patents as an indicator of knowledge flow and estimating a model of international knowledge diffusion, I find strong evidence corroborating the hypothesis of increasing regionalization of knowledge flow in East Asia. Korea and Taiwan, the region's leading innovators, cite each other at least as frequently as they cite the US and Japan. Such knowledge flow has substantially intensified since the mid 1990s. With the exception of Thailand, all of the East Asian economies that I examine, Hong Kong, Singapore, China, and Malaysia, cite Korea and Taiwan at least as frequently as they cite the US and Japan. The "G5" group, which includes Britain, Canada, France, Germany and Italy, has been the least often cited source of knowledge for East Asia.
    Keywords: Knowledge, East Asia, USPTO, diffusion, Korea, Taiwan, US, economies
    JEL: L24 D83 R49
    Date: 2010–01
  6. By: Santiago-Rodriguez, Fernando (UNU-MERIT)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the influence of human resource management on learning from internal and external sources of knowledge. Learning for innovation is a key ingredient of catching-up processes. The analysis builds on survey data about pharmaceutical firms in Mexico. Results show that the influence of human resource management is contingent on the knowledge flows and innovation goals pursued by the firm. Practices such as training-- particularly from external partners; and remuneration for performance are conducive to learning for innovation.
    Keywords: Learning, R&D, human resource management, pharmaceuticals, Mexico
    JEL: O31 O32 O54
    Date: 2010

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