nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2009‒12‒11
four papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. The importance of R&D subsidies and technological infrastructure for regional innovation performance - A conditional efficiency approach By Tom Broekel; Charlotte Schlump
  2. Diffusion Processes on Complex Networks By Natalie Svarcova; Petr Svarc
  3. Measuring International Technology Spillovers and Progress Towards the European Research Area By Siedschlag, Iulia
  4. Innovation through Long-distance Conversations? Lessons from Offshoring-based Software Clusters in Bangalore By Aya Okada

  1. By: Tom Broekel; Charlotte Schlump
    Abstract: The importance of R&D subsidies for innovation activities is highlighted by numerous firm-level studies. These approaches miss however the systematic regional character of innovation activities and potential firm-spanning effects of this policy measure. The literature on regional innovation performance has widely neglected R&D subsidies so far. This paper analyzes the importance of R&D subsidies as well as the relevance of a publicly funded technological infrastructure for the innovation efficiency of German regions. Using conditional nonparametric frontier techniques we find positive effects of R&D subsidies and somewhat smaller ones for the technological infrastructure, which however vary between industries.
    Keywords: innovation policy, regional innovation efficiency, technological infrastructure, stepwise conditional efficiency analysis
    JEL: O18 O38 R58 R12
    Date: 2009–11
  2. By: Natalie Svarcova (Institute of Economic Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic); Petr Svarc (Institute of Economic Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic)
    Abstract: In this paper we apply agent-based methodology on an issue that is fundamental for economic prosperity and growth: the diffusion of innovations. The diffusion of innovations is one of the topics where agent-based simulation is an extremely fruitful method allowing not only the observation of stable states but also the process and development of the diffusion. Furthermore, empirical studies revealed that the topological structure of interactions among individuals importantly influences the diffusion’s course and outcomes. We analyze diffusion outcomes for five different topologies, assuming markets where individuals are highly influenced by the adoption decision of their peers and innovations are introduced into the markets in two different ways: mass media campaigns and seeding procedures. Our results indicate that the topology of the relations among individuals importantly influences the speed and development of the diffusion process as well as final market penetration. Scale free topology seems to promote fast innovation diffusion, at the same time being characterized by the high uncertainty of the diffusion outcomes. Less heterogeneous networks (small worlds, two-dimensional lattice and ring) yield a much slower diffusion of the innovation, at the same time being much less unpredictable than scale free topology.
    Keywords: innovation diffusion, complex networks, scale-free networks
    JEL: O31 O33
    Date: 2009–12
  3. By: Siedschlag, Iulia
    Abstract: The objective of this paper is to contribute to the development of an evidence-based system to monitor progress towards the European Research Area (ERA) and a knowledge-based economy. We start with an overview of existing theory and empirical evidence on the role of international technology spillovers on economic growth. Further, we discuss the transmission channels of international technology spillovers and barriers to international technology diffusion. Next we turn to measuring specialisation in knowledge-based sectors and geographical concentration patterns of these sectors. The remainder of this paper proposes three sets of indicators to monitor progress towards the ERA and a knowledge-based economy in relation to international technology diffusion.
    Keywords: Absorptive capacity/European Research Area/International technology spillovers/Knowledge-intensive economy/growth
    JEL: F23 F42 F43 O33 O47
    Date: 2009–11
  4. By: Aya Okada
    Abstract: This paper is aganist the popular assertion regarding the links between innovation and clustering and it is found that the main sources of knowledge transfer and innovation among key firms in Bangalore’s software cluster are their external linkages outside the cluster rather than face-to-face interactions between firms within the cluster. Moreover, the rich pool of skilled labor, made available through clustering has played an important role in facilitating learning, that is, diffusing the knowledge brought in by foreign networks.
    Keywords: innovation, clustering, transfer, Bangalore, software, cluster, linkages, labor, skilled labour, foreign, knowledge, firms, knowledge, economies of scale, economy, information, human resources, competitive environment, biotechnology, India
    Date: 2009

This nep-knm issue is ©2009 by Laura Stefanescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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