nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2009‒10‒31
four papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. Managing Knowledge, Creating Networks andTriggering Innovations for Sustainable Agriculture By Anil K Gupta
  2. Impact of Economic Crises on Innovation Activity: Firm Level Evidence from Patent Data By Martinsson, Gustav; Lööf, Hans
  3. Patents as a Measure for Eco-Innovation By Vanessa OLTRA (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113); René KEMP (University of Maastrich); Frans P. de VRIES (University of Stirling)
  4. If Technology is like Word, Institutions are like Grammar:Institutional Context of Technological Innovations and Knowledge Systems at Grassroots By Anil K Gupta

  1. By: Anil K Gupta
    Abstract: Conventional agricultural extension approaches have ceased to be of much effect in transforming agricultural productivity and meeting the goals of sustainable natural resource management. Multi agency approach using multimedia, multi language and multi channel is imperative. Ministry of Agriculture has realized the need for transition but the models for the purpose remain to be developed.
    Date: 2009–03–12
  2. By: Martinsson, Gustav (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology); Lööf, Hans (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)
    Abstract: Based on data from of 2,700 Swedish manufacturing firms, observed through the period 1997-2005, this paper shows that internal finance resources, measured by cash-flow, affect the propensity to apply for a patent as well as the number of patent applications. From a business cycle perspective, cash-flow only plays a role during and after economic contractions. In periods of economic expansion there is no significant association between internal finance and patent applications. Further, the sensitivity of patent applications to cash-flow is limited to firms with low equity-ratio. Among high equity firms the pattern of patent applications are robust over the business cycle.
    Keywords: Financing constraints; Innovation; Intellectual property rights; Firm-level panel data;
    JEL: G32 O31 O34
    Date: 2009–10–09
  3. By: Vanessa OLTRA (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113); René KEMP (University of Maastrich); Frans P. de VRIES (University of Stirling)
    Abstract: This paper examines the usefulness of patent analysis for measuring eco-innovation. The overall conclusion is that patents are a useful means for measuring environmentally motivated innovations, such as pollution control technologies and green energy technologies, and for general purpose technologies with environmental benefits. For these types of innovations it is acceptable to use patent analysis, provided they are carefully screened. Patent analysis may be used for measuring five attributes of eco-innovation: (1) eco-inventive activities in specific technology fields, (2) international technological diffusion, (3) research and technical capabilities of companies, (4) institutional knowledge sources of eco-innovation, and (5) technological spillovers and knowledge flows. Up until now it is mainly used for measuring eco-inventive activity.
    Keywords: Eco-innovation, patents
    JEL: C81
    Date: 2009
  4. By: Anil K Gupta
    Abstract: Many developing countries have taken interest in learning from the Honey Bee Network experience for replicating the model. In a UNESCO conference, I was asked to identify the key steps that national governments can take to deal with the challenge of developing an inclusive innovation based development model. I have identified six steps which can help the leaders in various countries.
    Date: 2009–03–12

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