nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2009‒05‒16
six papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. Competitive Innovation with Codified And Tacit Knowledge By Tetsugen Haruyama
  2. Intellectual property in a knowledge-based economy : Patents to include vs. patents to exclude. By Patrick Cohendet; Matthieu Farcot; Julien Pénin
  3. In search of excellence - Innovation contests to foster innovation and entrepreneurship in Portugal By Adão Carvalho
  4. Managerial incentive and the firms' propensity to invest in product and process innovation By R. Cellini; L. Lambertini; A. Sterlacchini
  5. Organizational Change, Skill Formation, Human Capital Measurement: Evidence From Italian Manufacturing Firms By G. Antonelli; R. Antonietti; G. Guidetti
  6. Constructing intersectoral innovation diffusion networks with input-output: how to get relative flows? An illustrative application to six OECD technological systems for the middle '90s By S. Montresor; Vittucci; G. Marzetti

  1. By: Tetsugen Haruyama (Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University)
    Abstract: R&D-based models of endogenous technical progress rest on a premise that technical progress is driven by profit-seeking entrepreneurs. This literature led to a dominant view that endogenous technical advance is not consistent with perfect competition with constant returns to scale. Departing from this dominant perspective, we demonstrate that technical progress endogenously occurs in a perfectly competitive economy under constant returns to scale in rivalrous inputs. Our result is based on a hypothesis that R&D creates codified and tacit knowledge as joint products. Empirical and case studies are discussed to support the hypothesis. Using the model, we demonstrate that stronger patent protection can encourage or discourage R&D, depending on the size of an economy.
    Date: 2009–04
  2. By: Patrick Cohendet; Matthieu Farcot; Julien Pénin
    Abstract: The traditional perception of patents puts the emphasis on their importance to exclude imitators and to restore incentives to invent. This view is far too restrictive and at variance with many empirical and theoretical works. We show that these contradictions can be overcome by shifting from a traditional economic framework to a knowledge-based one. Such a move allows a renewed economic perception of patents, making them into essential instruments which serve not only to exclude potential infringers but also to “include” all the different stakeholders in the innovation process. Within this new approach the main role of the patent system is therefore to ensure the coordination among heterogeneous actors and to structure innovation activities. We illustrate our view by presenting the four polar cases of pharmaceuticals, electronics, software and biotechnologies.
    Keywords: Intellectual property rights, incentives, coordination, R&D collaboration, collective invention.
    JEL: L00
    Date: 2009
  3. By: Adão Carvalho (Universidade de Evora, Departamento de Economia, CEFAGE-UE)
    Abstract: Numerous initiatives of different nature have taken place in Portugal over the recent years aiming at raising consciousness of the importance and advantages of innovation and entrepreneurship, persuading businesspeople to place innovation as strategic intent and encouraging would-be entrepreneurs to come forward with novel businesses ideas. Innovation contests are but one of such initiatives. From sporadic events before 2000, the phenomenon gained unprecedented dimension and growing sophistication at several levels, including the number of innovation contests launched annually, number and kind of organizations involved, volume and kind of prizes and support in business plan construction. Today, this is a popular means that a range of different organizations use to uncovering novel business ideas and promoting innovation and entrepreneurship. Based on a large data base purposefully built for this research by the author, this paper aims to describe the phenomenon of innovation contests in Portugal and characterize its evolution over the period 2000-2008. Findings show a general use of contests as instruments to promote and prize innovation across a range of target audiences going from high school students to established businesses; an increasing trend in the number of innovation contests launched annually in Portugal; high rates of rotation of the innovation contests launched annually over the period under analysis; a growing diversification in the type of promoters which is particularly clear from 2004 onwards; and that private firms, higher education institutions and business associations appear to be gaining a prominent role as promoters of innovation contests.
    Keywords: Innovation contest, innovation, entrepreneurship, Portugal.
    JEL: O31 L26
    Date: 2009
  4. By: R. Cellini; L. Lambertini; A. Sterlacchini
    Date: 2009–02
  5. By: G. Antonelli; R. Antonietti; G. Guidetti
    Date: 2009–03
  6. By: S. Montresor; Vittucci; G. Marzetti
    Date: 2008–10

This nep-knm issue is ©2009 by Laura Stefanescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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