nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2009‒01‒31
seven papers chosen by
Laura Stefanescu
European Research Centre of Managerial Studies in Business Administration

  1. Innovation, human capital and earning distribution: towards a dynamic life-cycle approach By Vona, Francesco; Consoli, Davide
  2. Emerging innovation modes and (regional) innovation systems in the Czech Republic By Pavla Zizalova
  3. Product innovation and renewal: foreign firms and clusters in Belgium By Filip De Beule; Ilke Van Beveren
  4. Intangible Assets and Intellectual Capital as Key Factors of Romania’s Convergence By Suciu, Marta Cristina
  5. Technological Specialisation of Production and Export in Europe By Olteanu, Dan
  6. The European Microsoft case at the crossroads of competition policy and innovation By Larouche, P.
  7. The Informatization of Economic Life Through Artificial Intelligence and the Shaping of Social-Economic Processes By Stegaroiu, Carina-Elena

  1. By: Vona, Francesco; Consoli, Davide
    Abstract: Empirical anomalies in the dynamics of earnings following the emergence of new ICT technologies are not consistent with various re-elaborations of the human capital theory. The first part of the paper reviews critically this literature and highlights an important gap concerning the role of institutional infrastructures for the systematisation and diffusion of new knowledge. The dynamic life-cycle approach elaborated in the second part provides a coherent account of the evidence, and indicates interesting implications for innovation and educational policies.
    Keywords: Innovation; Human Capital; Earning Distribution;
    JEL: J24 D8 O31
    Date: 2009–01–27
  2. By: Pavla Zizalova (Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo)
    Abstract: Innovation studies literature has put high importance to sectoral and regional patterns of innovations. This research effort is based upon the argument that industries as well as regions represent quite homogeneous entities with respect to firms’ innovation strategies. To the contrary, evolutionary approaches assign more importance to firms’ heterogeneity and hence look for groups of firms characterised by similar innovation strategies cutting across the traditional boundaries. The purpose of this paper is to characterize the innovation strategies of Czech firms using explanatory factor analysis and thus first contribute to a better understanding of innovative activities and second, explore whether the identified divergence in innovation patterns can be attributed to the localized conditions or whether it is rather firmspecific. Finally, the paper will discuss the implications of these findings for the literature on territorial systems of innovation, particularly the question how the systems should be delineated, as well as implications for (regional) innovation policy.
    Keywords: innovation, regional systems of innovation, factor analysis.
    Date: 2009–01
  3. By: Filip De Beule; Ilke Van Beveren
    Abstract: Using the cluster definitions of the European Cluster Observatory, this paper investigates the link between cluster membership and firm-level product innovation and renewal,using data from the Community Innovation Survey for Belgium. Clustered firms account for 71 percent of total product renewal generated in 2004 and for 53 percent of product innovators; compared to 29 and 47 percent for non-clustered firms, respectivily. Furthermore, cluster membership is shown to be conducive to firm-level product innovation and renewal once firm size, export intensity and reseach inputs are taken into account. Foreign firms are not more prone to carry out product innovation, except for subsidiaries in clusters.
    Keywords: Product Innovation, Clusters, Community Innovation Survey, Multinational Firms
    JEL: D21 F23 O31 O33
    Date: 2008
  4. By: Suciu, Marta Cristina
    Abstract: The main aim of the chapter is to provide the readers with a synthesis of the new international framework of debate dedicated to the topics of intangible assets and intellectual capital. Considering the topics of the whole book, this chapter is focussed on the role played by intangible assets and intellectual capital for attaining convergence and for increasing competitiveness. * Study within the CEEX Programme – Project No. 220/2006 “Economic Convergence and Role of Knowledge in Relation to the EU Integration”.
    Keywords: convergence, knowledge-based economy, competitiveness, competitive advantage, intangible assets, intellectual capital
    JEL: E24 I23 I28 J24 O15 O47
    Date: 2009–01
  5. By: Olteanu, Dan
    Abstract: Continuous specialisation of a nation, conducted by the dynamic comparative advantage, is not only the effect of free market forces accompanied by commercial openness, as it depends on many other factors, among which technological progress is essential. In this study, we try to analyse the differences in the structure and relative specialisation level of production and export, as well as the evolution of territorial concentration of production by various groups of economic activities and products. We use a sample consisting of the main European countries, the USA, Japan and China. * Study within the CEEX Programme – Project No. 220/2006 “Economic Convergence and Role of Knowledge in Relation to the EU Integration”.
    Keywords: RD&I, technological specialization, geographical concentration
    JEL: F14 O33 O47
    Date: 2009–01
  6. By: Larouche, P. (Tilburg University, Tilburg Law and Economics Center)
    Date: 2008
  7. By: Stegaroiu, Carina-Elena
    Abstract: The economic, social, demographic, technological achievements, uneven distribution of raw materials, energy resources, require the opening of all economic systems. Mathematical models, came to help the arguments in this case, I propose a way to "experience" what the real situation is impossible. Need shift in the language of symbols has everything to do economist has neither a theoretical coverage. This can not be done and it is not something necessary. But, there are attempts to computerization economic activities, which in our present more than a hypothetical, but not the appropriate practice.
    Keywords: marginal economic efficiency; artificial intelligence; logistic curve; price equilibrium; mathematical model; request; offer
    JEL: C02 A12 D60 C60 J50
    Date: 2008–12–01

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