nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2007‒03‒17
five papers chosen by
Emanuele Canegrati
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart

  1. Microeconomics of Knowledge: African Case By Manuel, Eduardo
  2. e-Entrepreneurship By Manuel, Eduardo
  3. Higher Education Facilities: Issues and Trends By Francisco Marmolejo; Reynold Gonzalez; Nils Gersberg; Suvi Nenonen; Pablo Campos Calvo-Sotelo
  4. Crisis Region Western Africa: The cradle of African migration to Europe By Kohnert, Dirk
  5. The Patient as a construction and a non-participant member of a change-process. By Beckerman, Carina

  1. By: Manuel, Eduardo
    Abstract: Since the process of globalization era, we can always lived in economics of knowledge. The cicle of economics founded on knowledge are compost by three components: the investment in knowledge; the production and the diffusion of information technology and communication (ITC) and the institutional mechanisms that favor the access to knowledge (Foray, 2004). By fact the economics are divided in Micro and Macroeconomics, this work has as objective to approach theme “Microeconomics of Knowledge” based on African case. We concluded that, in general analysis, South Africa and Tunisia are the countries of the selected with better performance in microeconomics of knowledge, and Angola, Chad and Ethiopia are poor countries in this area of knowledge. High rates of adult alphabetization can stimulate companies and firms to employ skilled personal according to their necessities and this personal can and it is ready to work with advanced technology and to effect R&D for development of their activities.
    Keywords: Economic of Knowledge; Macroeconomics; Microeconomics; Microeconomics of Knowledge
    JEL: M19 D89 O12 L29 O32 D29
    Date: 2006–05–15
  2. By: Manuel, Eduardo
    Abstract: This paper has as objective to refer the theme “e-Entrepreneurship” having as reference companies of the United States that operate only on internet. We concluded that by fact we are on knowledge era, they and those that it wants to be e-entrepreneur need to work a lot, because, online business will be always exigent when these companies are in different virtual places and where is having different customers, suppliers and rivals companies.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurs; Entrepreneurship; e-Entrepreneurship
    JEL: M13 M19
    Date: 2006–10–27
  3. By: Francisco Marmolejo; Reynold Gonzalez; Nils Gersberg; Suvi Nenonen; Pablo Campos Calvo-Sotelo
    Abstract: Issues that will shape the future of higher education institutions and new trends in campus architecture were the themes of a recent international seminar. Francisco Marmolejo, former consultant to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), presents here an overview of the seminar, explaining changes taking place in the area of higher education facilities and providing participants’ views. Presentations from three countries are also described below: Mexico’s Monterrey International Knowledge City; the higher education learning environment and the Finnish technology hub of Otaniemi; and, in Spain, the University of Salamanca’s R&D&I Building.
    Keywords: facilities management, PISA, university management, campus architecture, higher education institution
    Date: 2007–03
  4. By: Kohnert, Dirk
    Abstract: In the last decades the number of refugees from conflict regions in Africa increased dramatically. West Africa is the cradle of migration from Sub-Saharan Africa to Europe, were most African migrants with overseas destinations live. The European Union shares dual responsibility for the continuing migration pressure: First, because they fostered over decades corrupt and autocratic regimes with dire disregard to principles of ‘good governance’. The aftermath of these regimes is still to be felt today, and constitutes one of the underlying factors for politically motivated migration. Secondly, the EU contributed to Africa’s growing economic misery, due to the damaging effects of European selfish external trade policy. Nevertheless, the prevailing perspective of the EU concerning African immigration remains to be focused on security, the foreclosure of its external borders and prevention. Current EU programs to combat African migration by development orientated instead of adequate immigration policies is bound to fail, according to available evidence and literature. The drain of human capital from Africa is most pronounced in the employment sector for highly qualified personnel. Another remarkable trend is the ‘feminization’ of the brain drain in recent years, caused by the growing number of highly skilled African women looking for employment abroad. However, migration is not necessarily a zero-sum game. There are also positive – although often neglected - economic and socio-cultural effects of the brain drain. Remittances of African migrants contribute considerably not just to the wellbeing of their extended families at home, but to poverty reduction and development on a national level in general. They constitute the second largest source of external private finance, besides for-eign direct investment. In addition, a counteracting ‘brain gain’, i.e. new value systems, po-litical and spiritual orientations, acquired by migrants in Europe, results in a transfer of knowledge and of innovations.
    Keywords: migration; West Africa; Europe; remittances; brain-drain; foreign trade policy; security; circular migration;
    JEL: F22 N44 O55 F53 R23 O15 N37 O52 F42 N17 F35 O2
    Date: 2007–03–14
  5. By: Beckerman, Carina (Dept. of Business Administration, Stockholm School of Economics)
    Abstract: The contribution of this paper is a discussion about how the patient as a phenomenon is constructed and used by employees for different purposes, enabling and inhibiting change. The results are based on a three year case study in which data has been collected with interviews and observations. They have then been analyzed and interpreted within a framework consisting of theories about thinking collectives, structuration, information and knowledge management. The findings indicate that “the patient” has implications for how project management is conducted and a patient record upgraded at the anesthesia and intensive care unit of a hospital.
    Keywords: the patient; anesthesia information management; constructionism; thinking collectives; knowledge management; structuration.
    Date: 2007–03–01

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