nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2005‒06‒05
three papers chosen by
Emanuele Canegrati
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart

  1. Environmental Innovations: Institutional Impacts on Co-operations for Sustainable Development By Helmut Karl; Antje Möller; Ximena Matus; Edgar Grande; Robert Kaiser
  2. Criteria for Assessing Sustainable Development: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Evidence for the Case of Greece By Anastasios Xepapadeas; Dimitra Vouvaki
  3. Migration and agglomeration with knowledge By Kyoko Hirose

  1. By: Helmut Karl (Ruhr-University Bochum); Antje Möller (Ruhr-University Bochum); Ximena Matus (Ruhr-University Bochum); Edgar Grande (Technical University of Munich); Robert Kaiser (Technical University of Munich)
    Abstract: A suitable strategy for achieving sustainable development is to foster environmental innovations. Environmental innovations, however, suffer from so-called "double externalities", because apart from innovation spillovers they also improve the quality of public environmental goods, which can be used without cost by free riders. Those innovation spillovers can be avoided through co-operation. Furthermore co-operations can be considered as advantageous because environmental innovations often depend on interaction in research and development, production, selling and disposal. This paper analyzes as to what extent institutional factors impact co-operative arrangements of innovative organizations in the development of new environmental technologies. It applies a multi-dimensional institutional analysis focusing not only on institutional arrangements which exist among organizations but also on opportunities and constraints provided by the institutional environment in which these organizations are embedded. Expanding the existing research we will conclude what kind of policy measure may support the success within networks of environmental oriented innovators.
    Keywords: Environmental innovation, Co-operation, Sustainability, Institutional analysis, Policy measures
    JEL: L14 O31 Q55 Q58
    Date: 2005–04
  2. By: Anastasios Xepapadeas (University of Crete); Dimitra Vouvaki (University of Crete)
    Abstract: We formulate two kinds of sustainability criteria by using feedback and arbitrary rules for selecting policy variables in non optimizing economies. We show that when policy variables are selected arbitrarily their accounting prices could determine sustainability in addition to the accounting prices of the economy’s assets. We use our theoretical framework to obtain estimates of sustainability conditions in real economies. Thus, the paper’s contribution consists in developing a systematic theoretical framework for determining value functions, accounting prices and sustainability criteria, under fairly general non-optimizing behavioral rules, and then showing that this framework can be used in applied work to estimate sustainability conditions. Based on our theoretical model, we examined the case of the Greek economy. When there is no binding environmental policy then migration rate, growth of capital per worker and exogenous technical change are strong positive factors for sustainability. When we introduce potential environmental damages due to sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions, our findings indicate that these damages affect negatively the sustainability criterion.
    Keywords: Sustainability criteria, Non-declining social welfare, Accounting prices, Non optimizing economy, Feedback rule, Arbitrary rule
    JEL: Q01 O13
    Date: 2005–04
  3. By: Kyoko Hirose (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)
    Abstract: In this paper, a Grossman-Helpman-Romer-type endogenous growth model is developed with two regions in which there are mobile workers and linkage between consumption goods and differentiated intermediate goods. The economy has the potential to reach the following spatial configuration: full agglomeration, partial agglomeration, and segmented agglomeration. In perfect agglomeration, the innovation sector and intermediate goods sector agglomerate in one region. In partial agglomeration, intermediate goods firms partially agglomerate in the region where the innovation sector agglomerates perfectly. In segmented agglomeration, the innovation sector agglomerates in the region where both intermediate goods sector and final good sector do not agglomerate perfectly. In addition, we show the comparison of the welfare of skilled workers in each steady state. Not surprisingly, the welfare of the skilled in full agglomeration is always the highest. However, even though there are transportation costs of final good, the welfare in segmented agglomeration is not necessarily the lowest.
    Keywords: knowledge spillovers, transportation costs, inter-regional trade
    JEL: F43 O18 R11
    Date: 2005–06

This nep-knm issue is ©2005 by Emanuele Canegrati. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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