nep-isf New Economics Papers
on Islamic Finance
Issue of 2021‒05‒03
three papers chosen by
Mohamed Mohamed Tolba Said

  1. An Adaptive Targeted Field Experiment: Job Search Assistance for Refugees in Jordan By Caria, Stefano; Gordon, Grant; Kasy, Maximilian; Quinn, Simon; Shami, Soha; Teytelboym, Alexander
  2. Evaluating China’s Soft Power Discourse: Assumptions, Strategies, and Objectives By Muhammad Nadeem Mirza; Hussain Abbas; Muhammad Qasim Nizamani
  3. In Vaccines We Trust? The Effects of the CIA’s Vaccine Ruse on Immunization in Pakistan By Monica Martinez-Bravo; Andreas Stegmann

  1. By: Caria, Stefano (University of Warwick and CAGE); Gordon, Grant (International Rescue Committee); Kasy, Maximilian (University of Oxford); Quinn, Simon (University of Oxford); Shami, Soha (Danish Refugee Council); Teytelboym, Alexander (University of Oxford)
    Abstract: We introduce an adaptive targeted treatment assignment methodology for field experiments. Our Tempered Thompson Algorithm balances the goals of maximizing the precision of treatment effect estimates and maximizing the welfare of experimental participants. A hierarchical Bayesian model allows us to adaptively target treatments. We implement our methodology in Jordan, testing policies to help Syrian refugees and local jobseekers to find work. The immediate employment impacts of a small cash grant, information and psychological support are small, but targeting raises employment by 1 percentage-point (20%). After four months, cash has a sizable effect on employment and earnings of Syrians.
    Keywords: JEL Classification: C93, J6, O15
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Muhammad Nadeem Mirza (School of Politics and International Relations, Quaid-i Azam University); Hussain Abbas (The Islamia University of Bahawalpur - IUB (PAKISTAN)); Muhammad Qasim Nizamani (University of Sindh Jamshoro)
    Abstract: China claims that it's rise is different from other great powers: a benign and responsible power striving for just order and peaceful development. This paper raises question that why has China resorted to soft power mechanisms? What are the strategies that it employs to project soft image? And finally, how is soft power helpful in portraying China as a power distinct from the status quo powers? While utilising qualitative content analysis, this study focuses upon the origins of soft power conception, characteristics of Chinese soft power discourse and strategies that it has adopted to attain its objectives. Under the leadership of Xi Jinping, has paid a profound attention to soft power as a means to realise the 'China Dream'. China's efforts to enhance regional and trans-regional connectivity, infrastructure investment and formula for poverty alleviation have contributed to brilliance of China.
    Abstract: La Chine prétend que son ascension est différente des autres grandes puissances: une puissance bénigne et responsable luttant pour un ordre juste et un développement pacifique. Cet article soulève la question de savoir pourquoi la Chine a-t-elle eu recours à des mécanismes de puissance douce? Quelles stratégies utilise-t-il pour projeter une image douce? Et enfin, en quoi le soft power est-il utile pour présenter la Chine comme une puissance distincte des puissances du statu quo? Tout en utilisant une analyse de contenu qualitative, cette étude se concentre sur les origines de la conception du soft power, les caractéristiques du discours chinois du soft power et les stratégies qu'elle a adoptées pour atteindre ses objectifs. Sous la direction de Xi Jinping, a accordé une profonde attention au soft power comme moyen de réaliser le «rêve chinois». Les efforts de la Chine pour améliorer la connectivité régionale et transrégionale, les investissements dans les infrastructures et la formule de réduction de la pauvreté ont contribué à l'éclat de la Chine.
    Keywords: Aid Diplomacy,Confucianism,Cultural Diplomacy,Peaceful Development,Soft Power,Discourse,Neo-Confucianism
    Date: 2020–12–28
  3. By: Monica Martinez-Bravo (CEMFI BREAD, CEPR); Andreas Stegmann (University of Warwick and CAGE)
    Abstract: In July 2011, the Pakistani public learnt that the CIA had used a vaccination campaign as cover to capture Osama Bin Laden. The Taliban leveraged on this information and launched an anti-vaccine propaganda campaign to discredit vaccines and vaccination workers. We evaluate the effects of these events on immunization by implementing a Difference-in-Differences strategy across cohorts and districts. We find that vaccination rates declined 12 to 20% per standard deviation in support for Islamist parties. These results suggest that information discrediting vaccination campaigns can negatively affect trust in health services and demand for immunization.
    Keywords: JEL Classification:
    Date: 2021

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