nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2024‒03‒04
three papers chosen by
Giovanni Battista Ramello, Università di Turino

  1. Effect of Regional Intellectual Property Right on Global Value Chain By Oh, Saera; Awokuse, Titus
  2. Deadlines Versus Continuous Incentives: Evidence from the Patent Office By Michael D. Frakes; Melissa F. Wasserman
  3. Mainstream Formation and Competitive Dynamics in the Computer Graphics Industry: Topic modeling analysis of US patents By WATANABE Ichiro; SHIMIZU Hiroshi

  1. By: Oh, Saera; Awokuse, Titus
    Keywords: Agribusiness, Agricultural Finance, International Relations/Trade
    Date: 2022–12
  2. By: Michael D. Frakes; Melissa F. Wasserman
    Abstract: A quota system with an associated deadline may retain the possibility of worker procrastination and related deadline behaviors. A performance appraisal system based on continuous temporal incentives, on the other hand, has the potential to alleviate deadline effects but may lose some of the quality-related benefits associated with the flexibility of a quota/deadline system. We explore these tradeoffs by observing patent examiner behavior and examination quality outcomes surrounding a 2011 reform at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office that built on its bi-weekly quota system by adding a set of bonuses tied to daily examination-pendency measures. We find a substantial reduction in deadline effects and near complete temporal smoothing in examiner behavior in connection with the reform, leading to large reductions in average examination pendency while resulting in no corresponding reductions in the accuracy of examinations.
    JEL: D03 J33 K0 O34
    Date: 2024–01
  3. By: WATANABE Ichiro; SHIMIZU Hiroshi
    Abstract: This study conducts a quantitative analysis of the relationship between mainstream formation and competition in technological fields. The process of determining the dominant design is crucial in analyzing mainstream formation within specific technological fields, and numerous studies have explored this process. The quantitative analysis conducted in this study indicates that, during the process in which the dominant design is determined, the dominant category, a broader framework than the dominant design, is also established. In this study, we use topic modeling analysis to examine the relationship between the convergence of research and development (R&D) trends among organizations and the number of organizations publishing patents in the computer graphics processing systems industry. Specifically, the number of organizations publishing patents in the industry increased when the degree of convergence among the R&D trends of each organization was relatively low, whereas it decreased when the degree of convergence among R&D trends of each organization was relatively high. Further, the change in the degree of convergence occurred before the change in the number of organizations. These observations suggest that the formation of a mainstream within the industry, which is associated with the convergence of R&D tendencies of specific organizations, affects the competitive environment within the industry.
    Date: 2024–02

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