nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2023‒10‒23
two papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello, Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Patents, Innovation, and Market Entry By Dominik Jurek
  2. Is luxury geeky? Exploratory study of brand appropriation of subcultural symbols By Marine Boyaval; Arnaud Delannoy; Olivier Nicolas; Alexandre Tiercelin; Marion Garnier

  1. By: Dominik Jurek
    Abstract: Do patents facilitate market entry and job creation? Using a 2014 Supreme Court decision that limited patent eligibility and natural language processing methods to identify invalid patents, I find that large treated firms reduce job creation and create fewer new establishments in response, with no effect on new firm entry. Moreover, companies shift toward innovation aimed at improving existing products consistent with the view that patents incentivize creative destruction.
    Keywords: intellectual property rights, creative destruction, entry, job creation, Alice decision, natural language processing
    Date: 2023–09
  2. By: Marine Boyaval (University of Lille, LUMEN - Lille University Management Lab - ULR 4999 - Université de Lille); Arnaud Delannoy (Métis Lab EM Normandie - EM Normandie - École de Management de Normandie); Olivier Nicolas (IAE Lille - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises - Lille - Université de Lille, Sciences et Technologies); Alexandre Tiercelin (NIMEC - Normandie Innovation Marché Entreprise Consommation - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - ULH - Université Le Havre Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UNIROUEN - Université de Rouen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - IRIHS - Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire Homme et Société - UNIROUEN - Université de Rouen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université); Marion Garnier (ESC Grenoble - Ecole Supérieure de Commerce de Grenoble - EESC-GEM Grenoble Ecole de Management)
    Abstract: Subcultures are likely to follow or undergo a cycle leading to their appropriation by the mainstream and their commodification (Goulding and Saren, 2007; Arsel and Thompson, 2010). As part of this communication, we try to understand how members of a subculture react to the appropriation of their symbols by a market and brands that are at first sight incongruent with the subculture. We are particularly interested in the case of the appropriation of symbols of the geek subculture by luxury brands, by offering a reading of the trajectories of several members of this culture vis-à-vis this symbolic appropriation.
    Abstract: Les sous-cultures sont susceptibles de suivre ou subir un cycle menant à leur appropriation par le mainstream et à leur marchandisation (Goulding et Saren, 2007 ; Arsel et Thompson, 2010). Dans le cadre de cette communication, nous tentons de comprendre comment les membres d'une sous-culture réagissent à l'appropriation de leurs symboles par un marché et des marques à première vue non-congruentes avec la sous-culture. Nous nous intéressons plus particulièrement au cas de l'appropriation de symboles de la sous-culture geek par des marques de luxe, en proposant une lecture des trajectoires de plusieurs membres de cette culture vis-à-vis de cette appropriation symbolique.
    Keywords: Sous culture de consommation, geek, luxe, publicité
    Date: 2022–11–17

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