nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2023‒07‒17
four papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Impacts of LDC Graduation on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) in Cambodia, Djibouti, Senegal and Zambia By Nirmalya Syam; Shirin Syed
  2. COVID-19, Innovative Firms and Resilience By Michele Battisti; Filippo Belloc; Massimo Del Gatto
  3. The Information Content of Expert Reviews Brand and Geographical Indications. Experimental Evidence from Spain and France By Costanigro, Marco; Dubois, Magalie; Gracia, Azucena; Cardebat, Jean-Marie
  4. Creative India: Tapping the Full Potential By Prateek Kukreja; Havishaye Puri; Dil Bahadur Rahut

  1. By: Nirmalya Syam; Shirin Syed
    Abstract: Least developed countries (LDCs) benefit from specific flexibilities under the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), including an extended transition period for implementation of the agreement. These flexibilities cease to apply when countries graduate from the LDC category. Cambodia, Djibouti, Senegal and Zambia are among the countries that have recently started the graduation process, which consists of a series of stages over several years and involves analysis of quantitative and qualitative information, including the expected impacts of graduation. In that context, this study analyses the policy and developmental implications for these countries of no longer benefitting from the LDC-specific provisions of the TRIPS Agreement. The study finds that the countries under analysis do not make full use of the LDC-specific flexibilities, with exceptions particularly in the area of pharmaceuticals in Cambodia. After graduation, countries would still be able to apply a number of flexibilities and policy space available under TRIPS that are not exclusive to LDCs, but this would require legislative action and capacity-building. For the most part, however, these countries lack the necessary conditions to be able to benefit from stronger standards of IP protection that are absent in the LDCs. The paper concludes with recommendations for countries as they prepare for graduation.
    Keywords: Least Developed Countries, World Trade Organization, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
    JEL: F13 F68
    Date: 2023–06
  2. By: Michele Battisti; Filippo Belloc; Massimo Del Gatto
    Abstract: This paper explores the empirical association between patents and various indicators of firm resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic with worldwide firm-level data from manufacturing industries. The study shows that patent-intensive firms have a reduced probability of exit, in particular if they are larger and if engaging with complementary investments in R&D and other intangibles. Additional estimates show that firm productivity has been an important transmission channel. Taken together, the results presented in the paper offer evidence-based findings pointing to patents as an important potential factor contributing to firm resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic. Policy insights are discussed.
    Keywords: Firm resilience, patents, productivity, COVID-19
    JEL: D20 L60 O30
    Date: 2023–02
  3. By: Costanigro, Marco; Dubois, Magalie; Gracia, Azucena; Cardebat, Jean-Marie
    Keywords: Research Methods/Statistical Methods, Agricultural and Food Policy, Institutional and Behavioral Economics
    Date: 2023
  4. By: Prateek Kukreja (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)); Havishaye Puri (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)); Dil Bahadur Rahut (Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI))
    Abstract: Creative occupations also pay reasonably well—88% higher than the non-creative ones and contribute about 20% to nation’s overall GVA. Out of the top ten creative districts in India, six are non-metros—Badgam (J&K), Panipat (Haryana), Imphal (Manipur), Sant Ravi Das Nagar (Uttar Pradesh), Thane(Maharashtra), and Tirupur (Tamil Nadu)— indicating the diversity and depth of creativity across India. Yet, according to United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, India’s creative exports are only one-tenth of those of the People’s Republic of China.To develop the creative economy to realize its full potential, Indian policymakers would like to: (i) increase the recognition of Indian culture globally; (ii) facilitate human capital development among its youth; (iii) address the bottlenecks in the Intellectual Property (IP) framework; (iv) improve access to finance; and (v) streamline the process of policymaking by establishing one intermediary organization. India must also leverage its G20 Presidency to put creative economy concretely on the global agenda.
    Keywords: creative economy, culture, employment, output, intellectual property, G20
    Date: 2022–12

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