nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2020‒09‒14
five papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. The Main Rights and Obligations Related to Patents in Romania By Nicolae Popa; Adriana TuluÈ™
  2. Licensing with capacity constraint By Colombo, Stefano; Filippini, Luigi; Sen, Debapriya
  3. Trade agreements and international technology transfer By Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada; Chelala, Santiago
  4. Patenting Inventions or Inventing Patents? Strategic Use of Continuations at the USPTO By Cesare Righi; Timothy Simcoe
  5. Institutional Brand Reputation Management within the Higher Education Institutes By Rasha Samir; Yosra Sobeih

  1. By: Nicolae Popa (Institute of Development, Education and Academic Excellence, Romania,); Adriana TuluÈ™ (Titu Maiorescu University, Bucharest, Romania)
    Abstract: In the context of globalization of trade industrial property has become a key factor of the world economy and an indispensable attribute of the market economy, it being a key topic in both developed and developing countries. In the field of industrial property, as a branch of intellectual property, Romanian legislation establishes a number of rights and obligations regarding patents. In this paper we propose to present aspects related to the rights and obligations that the holder of a patent must fulfill as provided by Romanian legislation, mainly the Law 64/1991, but also the situations that constitute as exceptions to the violation of these rights. We have also highlighted the updated and interpreted content of the text of the law and have exemplified various situations in national case law to highlight the special importance to be given to regulations concerning industrial property rights, which are a topic of great importance and actuality in Romania in areas such as scientific research, innovation, industrial policies, technological transfer, biotechnology, public health, education, biodiversity, food security and more.
    Keywords: : intellectual property, industrial property, patent, invention, copyright, legal protection of inventions
    Date: 2020–06
  2. By: Colombo, Stefano; Filippini, Luigi; Sen, Debapriya
    Abstract: We consider a patent licensing game with a capacity constrained innovator. We show that when the constraint is strong (weak), the patentee prefers licensing by means of a fixed fee (unit royalty). In the case of a two-part tariff, the innovator charges a positive fixed fee if and only if the constraint is strong enough.
    Keywords: Patent licensing; capacity constraint; Cournot duopoly
    JEL: D43 D45 L24
    Date: 2020–08–28
  3. By: Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada; Chelala, Santiago
    Abstract: This is the first paper that analyzes for a global sample how trade agreements that include technology-related provisions impact exports of goods, and how this impact differs depending on the technology content of the goods. It includes estimations of a structural gravity model for a panel of 176 countries over the period 1995-2015. The model differentiates between provisions relating technology transfer, technical cooperation, research and development (R&D), and patents and intellectual property rights. It also estimates the differences in these effects depending on whether the trade flow in question is between countries with similar or different levels of development. The main results indicate that regional trade agreements (RTAs) that contain technology provisions generate a significantly higher volume of trade than RTAs that do not, after controlling for the depth of the RTAs. For countries that ratify RTAs that include such provisions, it is exports of technology-intensive goods that increase the most. Trade agreements including such provisions have a heterogeneous effect that varies by income level of the trading partners and depends on the extent to which the RTA incorporates other provisions.
    Keywords: sectoral exports,trade agreements,gravity model,PPML,technology transfer,innovation,Intellectual Property Rights
    JEL: F13 O33
    Date: 2020
  4. By: Cesare Righi; Timothy Simcoe
    Abstract: Continuations allow inventors to claim technology developed after the original filing date of their patent, leading to concerns about inadvertent infringement and hold-up. We use the link between patents and standards created by the disclosure of standard essential patents (SEPs) to analyze the relationship between standard publication - a key observable milestone in technology development - and continuations. More than half of the SEPs in our data are filed after standard publication. Consistent with opportunistic behavior by patentees, there is a large increase in continuations immediately after standard publication. Keywords in the claims of SEPs linked to the same standard also become more similar after that standard is published.
    JEL: K11 L15 O34
    Date: 2020–08
  5. By: Rasha Samir (Gulf University and International Media Institute, Bahrain); Yosra Sobeih (Taibeh University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper was to reviewed a number of issues such as the concept of branding in the context of higher education, brand reputation management, and the role of the Communication Department in building the institutional reputation of the Ministry of Education. The data points to positive results for higher institutions which desire to invest and maintain strong brand identity and image given that these facets influence competition. For branding and advertising to effectively promote the image of institutions, a strategically planned branding programme is recommended to attract more constituents.
    Keywords: higher education institutions, brand reputation management
    Date: 2020–06

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