nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2020‒04‒06
six papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Global Software Piracy, Technology and Property Rights Institutions By Simplice A. Asongu
  2. Intellectual property rights and agricultural development: Evidence from a worldwide index of IPRs in agriculture (1961-2018) By Mercedes Campi; Alessandro Nuvolari
  3. International Patent Protection and Trade: Transaction-Level Evidence By Gaetan de Rassenfosse; Marco Grazzi; Daniele Moschella; Gabriele Pellegrino
  4. Patent applications: Structures, trends and recent developments 2018 By Neuhäusler, Peter; Rothengatter, Oliver
  5. How special rewards in loyalty programs enrich consumer–brand relationships: The role of self‐expansion By Tiphaine Gorlier; Géraldine Michel
  6. Employer brand equity effects on employees well-being and loyalty By Laïla Benraiss-Noailles; Catherine Viot

  1. By: Simplice A. Asongu (Yaounde, Cameroon)
    Abstract: This study extends the literature on fighting software piracy by investigating how Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) regimes interact with technology to mitigate software piracy when existing levels of piracy are considered. Two technology metrics (internet penetration rate and number of PC users) and six IPRs mechanisms (constitution, IPR law, main IP laws, WIPO Treaties, bilateral treaties and multilateral treaties) are used in the empirical analysis. The statistical evidence is based on: (i) a panel of 99 countries for the period 1994-2010 and (ii) interactive contemporary and non-contemporary Quantile regressions.The findings show that the relevance of IPR channels in the fight against software piracy is noticeably contingent on the existing levels of technology embodied in the pirated software. There is a twofold policy interest for involving modern estimation techniques such as interactive Quantile regressions. First, it uncovers that the impact of IPR systems on software piracy may differ depending on the nature of technologies used. Second, the success of initiatives to combat software piracy is contingent on existing levels of the piracy problem. Therefore, policies should be designed differently across nations with high-, intermediate- and low-levels of software piracy.
    Keywords: Piracy; Business Software; Software piracy; Intellectual Property Rights
    JEL: F42 K42 O34 O38 O57
    Date: 2020–01
  2. By: Mercedes Campi; Alessandro Nuvolari
    Abstract: This paper revises and updates the Campi-Nuvolari index of intellectual property protection for plant varieties (Campi and Nuvolari, 2015). The new index has been updated and provides yearly scores for the period 1961-2018 for a total number of 104 countries, which have legislation on plant variety protection in force. The new evidence highlights the tendency towards more similar and stronger systems of intellectual property rights (IPRs) worldwide, regardless of individual characteristics of countries. The signing of the TRIPS and of trade agreements with TRIPS-Plus provisions are major drivers of this process. In addition, certain features of countries such as the regulatory environment, the level of human capital, the importance of agricultural production, and openness to trade, are also significant determinants of the evolution of IPRs systems. We conclude discussing other possible applications of the data.
    Keywords: Intellectual property rights; Plant breeders' rights; Patents; Agricultural development; International comparison.
    Date: 2020–03–25
  3. By: Gaetan de Rassenfosse; Marco Grazzi; Daniele Moschella; Gabriele Pellegrino
    Abstract: This paper investigates the extent to which international trade hinges on patents. We analyze the export and patenting activities of the universe of French exporting firms over the period 2002-2011. The noticeable feature of our study is that we observe export and patenting activities worldwide and at the product level. We exploit how heterogeneity of patent coverageacross (and within) product-country relates to exports. We find a patent premium of at least 10 percent, which is mainly associated with a quantity effect. A modest price effect emerges in specific sectors, notably pharmaceuticals.
    Keywords: Export; Patents; Products; Intellectual property rights; Innovation.
    Date: 2020–03–30
  4. By: Neuhäusler, Peter; Rothengatter, Oliver
    Date: 2020
  5. By: Tiphaine Gorlier; Géraldine Michel (IAE Paris - Sorbonne Business School)
    Abstract: Although brands offer different kinds of rewards through their loyalty programs, little is known about how they can impact consumer–brand relationships and brand attitude. How do loyalty program rewards influence the consumer–brand relationship? And which kinds of rewards establish or maintain closer relationships between consumers and brands than others? To answer these questions, the present research makes use of self‐expansion theory (Aron & Aron, 1986) and two experiments that manipulate the extraordinary character of rewards offered to consumers. Our findings show that special rewards produce higher self‐expansion than mundane rewards. Moreover, the positive effect of the rewards' extraordinary character on brand evaluation, recommendation, and identification is sequentially and fully mediated by self‐brand inclusion and self‐expansion. Finally, we show that consumer satisfaction moderates the impact of special and mundane rewards on self‐brand inclusion.
    Keywords: brand inclusion,brand relationships,loyalty program,satisfaction,self‐expansion,special reward
    Date: 2020–01–08
  6. By: Laïla Benraiss-Noailles (Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Bordeaux); Catherine Viot (SAF - Laboratoire de Sciences Actuarielle et Financière - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon)
    Date: 2020–02

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