nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2020‒03‒16
four papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Destination branding and visitor loyalty: The case of agrotourism By Christou, Evangelos; Chatzigeorgiou, Chryssoula; Simeli, Ioanna
  2. Migrant Inventors and the Technological Advantage of Nations By Bahar, Dany; Choudhury, Prithwiraj; Rapoport, Hillel
  3. The controversy over intellectual property in nineteenth-century France: a comparative analysis between Proudhon and Walras By Rémy Guichardaz
  4. Intellectual Property Rights and Funding Canadian Pulse Breeding for the 21st Century By Bolek, Katarzyna; Gray, Richard

  1. By: Christou, Evangelos; Chatzigeorgiou, Chryssoula; Simeli, Ioanna
    Abstract: It has been established that strong destination brands are important in the agrotourism industry. Agrotourism brands provide the link between visitors and the agrotourism firms and destination, and tourists may or may not develop a degree of loyalty to relevant brands. The present study suggests that confidence in an agrotourism brand has high influence in development of brand loyalty. Based on hypotheses developed, confidence in an agrotourism brand is influenced by brand characteristics, agrotourism company characteristics and visitor characteristics. The present survey took place in Greece and examined the attitudes of visitors in agrotourism firms at the island of Lesvos. Survey results demonstrate that agrotourism firm brand characteristics appear more important in their impact on a visitor’s confidence in a brand. It was also established that confidence in a brand is positively influencing loyalty. Recommendations are developed for agrotourism marketers in relation to building and maintaining visitor confidence in a brand.
    Keywords: agrotourism, destination branding, brand loyalty, brand confidence
    JEL: L83 M31 Q13
    Date: 2018–10–28
  2. By: Bahar, Dany (Brookings Institution); Choudhury, Prithwiraj (Harvard Business School); Rapoport, Hillel (Paris School of Economics)
    Abstract: We investigate the relationship between the presence of migrant inventors and the dynamics of innovation in the migrants' receiving countries. We find that countries are 25 to 60 percent more likely to gain advantage in patenting in certain technologies given a twofold increase in the number of foreign inventors from other nations that specialize in those same technologies. For the average country in our sample, this number corresponds to only 25 inventors and a standard deviation of 135. We deal with endogeneity concerns by using historical migration networks to instrument for stocks of migrant inventors. Our results generalize the evidence of previous studies that show how migrant inventors "import" knowledge from their home countries, which translates into higher patenting in the receiving countries. We interpret these results as tangible evidence of migrants facilitating the technology-specific diffusion of knowledge across nations.
    Keywords: innovation, migration, patent, technology, knowledge
    JEL: O31 O33 F22
    Date: 2020–02
  3. By: Rémy Guichardaz (BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: The debate over intellectual property in nineteenth-century France was structured as follows: liberal economists advocated a system of perpetual intellectual property rights, while socialist thinkers called for their total abolition. Between these two extremes, other economists supported a temporary form of intellectual property: in particular, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and Léon Walras both converged towards this third solution. This article shows that they in fact provide two different analyses of intellectual property rights, which partly overlap with positions in current debates in innovation studies.
    Keywords: copyright,Intellectual property,Walras (Léon),Proudhon (Pierre-Joseph)
    Date: 2020
  4. By: Bolek, Katarzyna; Gray, Richard
    Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy, Crop Production/Industries, Production Economics
    Date: 2019

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