nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2020‒01‒20
four papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. The TRIPS Article 31 Tug of War Developing Country Compulsory Licensing of Pharmaceutical Patents and Developed Country Retaliation By Volman, Lucas
  2. Dynamic Effects of Patent Policy on Innovation and Inequality in a Schumpeterian Economy By Angus C. Chu; Yuichi Furukawa; Sushanta Mallick; Pietro Peretto; Xilin Wang
  3. Towards co-creation:Exploring prospects of employee brand knowledge in internal branding By Rejina M. Selvam; Catarina Lelis
  4. Governing Medical Knowledge Commons - Introduction and Chapter 1 By Strandburg, Katherine J.; Frischmann, Brett M.; Madison, Michael J

  1. By: Volman, Lucas
    Abstract: My dissertation examines compulsory licensing under Article 31 of the TRIPS Agreement by looking at the use of such licensing by developing countries, as well as retaliatory and restrictive measures imposed by developed countries. In doing so, it looks at the right to health, and price and intellectual property considerations for access to medicines in developing countries. It further explores the TRIPS compulsory licensing rules themselves to present compulsory licensing as a legitimate, and at times necessary, policy measure under international law. Then, it examines how compulsory licensing has been used and restricted since TRIPS, and how the compulsory licence relates to voluntary licensing and international free trade agreements, both of which are factors for the development of compulsory licensing strategies in developing countries.
    Date: 2018–07–17
  2. By: Angus C. Chu; Yuichi Furukawa; Sushanta Mallick; Pietro Peretto; Xilin Wang
    Abstract: This study explores the dyanmic effects of patent policy on innovation and income inequality in a Schumpeterian growth model with endogenous market structure and heterogeneous households. We find that strengthening patent protection has a positive effect on economic growth and a positive or an inverted-U effect on income inequality when the number of differentiated products is fixed or in the short run. However, when the number of products adjusts endogenously, the effects of patent protection on growth and inequality become negative in the long run. We also calibrate the model to US data to perform a quantative analysis and find that the long-run negative effect of patent policy on inequality is much larger than its short-run positive effect. This result is consistent with our empirical finding from a panel vector autoregression.
    Keywords: minimum wage, unemployment, innovation, automation
    JEL: D30 O30 O40
    Date: 2019–09
  3. By: Rejina M. Selvam (UNIVERSITAT INTERNACIONAL DE CATALUNYA); Catarina Lelis (University of West London)
    Abstract: The success of an organization to communicate the brand promise is premised by the internal branding procedure and the contribution of employees in the creation of branding. The present study provides the importance that employees have in providing value to the organization from the perspective of the holistic brand knowledge pyramid which includes, brand citizenship, brand commitment, and belonging. In ?depth interviews were conducted from an H. E institute to understand employee involvement in internal branding and the related organizational requirements from a knowledge based management environment. The results provide insight into the strength of employee participation in the co-creation of brand and the organizational requirements for stimulating its human capital to live the brand in its environment.
    Keywords: Internal Branding, Brand commitment, Internal Communication, Brand knowledge, Brand co-creation
    JEL: J24 D23 I23
    Date: 2019–10
  4. By: Strandburg, Katherine J.; Frischmann, Brett M.; Madison, Michael J (University of Pittsburgh)
    Abstract: Governing Medical Knowledge Commons makes three claims: first, evidence matters to innovation policymaking; second, evidence shows that self-governing knowledge commons support effective innovation without prioritizing traditional intellectual property rights; and third, knowledge commons can succeed in the critical fields of medicine and health. The editors' knowledge commons framework adapts Elinor Ostrom's groundbreaking research on natural resource commons to the distinctive attributes of knowledge and information, providing a systematic means for accumulating evidence about how knowledge commons succeed. The editors' previous volume, Governing Knowledge Commons, demonstrated the framework's power through case studies in a diverse range of areas. Governing Medical Knowledge Commons provides fifteen new case studies of knowledge commons in which researchers, medical professionals, and patients generate, improve, and share innovations, offering readers a practical introduction to the knowledge commons framework and a synthesis of conclusions and lessons.
    Date: 2019–06–17

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