nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2019‒05‒13
five papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Measuring China's patent quality: Development and validation of ISR indices By Böing, Philipp; Müller, Elisabeth
  2. Does Environmental Economics lead to patentable research? By Xiaojun Hu; Ronald Rousseau; Sandra Rousseau
  3. Brand experience effects on brand attachment: The role of brand trust, age, and income By Richard Ramirez; Dwight Merunka
  4. Are global brands trustworthy? The role of brand affect, brand innovativeness, and consumer ethnocentrism By Richard Huaman Ramirez; Noël Albert; Dwight Merunka
  5. Intellectual Property, Tariffs, and International Trade Dynamics By Mandelman, Federico S.; Waddle, Andrea L.

  1. By: Böing, Philipp; Müller, Elisabeth
    Abstract: Because China has become one of the largest applicants of PCT patents, it is of interest to compare the quality of Chinese and non-Chinese applications. We extend a quality index based on internationally comparable citation data from international search reports (ISR) to consider foreign, domestic, and self citations. Whereas foreign citations show that Chinese PCT patent applications reach only a third of the non-Chinese quality benchmark, the extension towards domestic and self citations suggests a higher quality level that converges to or even surpasses the benchmark. We investigate these differences based on firm-level regressions and find that in China, only foreign citations, but not domestic and self citations, have a significant and positive relation to R&D stocks. Using Germany as a representative country without policy support for patenting, we show that all three citations types may be used as economic indicators if policy distortion is not a concern. Our results show that domestic and self citations suffer from an upward bias in China and should be employed with caution if they are to be interpreted as a measure of patent quality.
    Keywords: patent quality,cross-country comparison,China
    JEL: O34 O3
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Xiaojun Hu; Ronald Rousseau; Sandra Rousseau
    Abstract: In this feasibility study, the impact of academic research from social sciences and humanities on technological innovation is explored through a study of citations patterns of journal articles in patents. Specifically we focus on citations of journals from the field of environmental economics in patents included in an American patent database (USPTO). Three decades of patents have led to a small set of journal articles (85) that are being cited from the field of environmental economics. While this route of measuring how academic research is validated through its role in stimulating technological progress may be rather limited (based on this first exploration), it may still point to a valuable and interesting topic for further research.
    Date: 2019–05
  3. By: Richard Ramirez (EM Strasbourg - Ecole de Management de Strasbourg); Dwight Merunka (AMU IAE - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Aix-en-Provence - AMU - Aix Marseille Université, CERGAM - Centre d'Études et de Recherche en Gestion d'Aix-Marseille - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - UTLN - Université de Toulon)
    Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine how brand attachment is related to brand experience. The model tests the partial mediating role of brand trust, and the moderating role of age and income.
    Keywords: Brand experience,Brand attachment,Brand trust,Age,Income
    Date: 2019
  4. By: Richard Huaman Ramirez (EM Strasbourg - Ecole de Management de Strasbourg); Noël Albert (Kedge Business School [Talence]); Dwight Merunka (AMU IAE - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Aix-en-Provence - AMU - Aix Marseille Université, CERGAM - Centre d'Études et de Recherche en Gestion d'Aix-Marseille - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - UTLN - Université de Toulon)
    Abstract: This research is interested in extending our understanding of how global brands can positively influence brand trust by introducing two new mediating variables – brand affect and brand innovativeness, and testing the moderating role of consumer ethnocentrism in these relationships.
    Date: 2019
  5. By: Mandelman, Federico S. (Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta); Waddle, Andrea L. (University of Richmond)
    Abstract: The emergence of global value chains not only leads to a magnification of trade in intermediate inputs but also to an extensive technology diffusion among the different production units involved in arms-length relationships. In this context, the lack of enforcement of intellectual property rights has recently become a highly controversial subject of debate in the context of the China-U.S. trade negotiations. This paper analyzes the strategic interaction of tariff policies and the enforcement of intellectual property rights within a quantitative general equilibrium framework. Results indicate that, in principle, tariffs could be an effective deterrent for weak protections for intellectual property. Moreover, weakening enforcement may be a strong deterrent for raising tariffs. These results combined indicate that there is scope for international cooperation on these fronts.
    Keywords: tariffs; intellectual property rights; technology capital transfers; international trade
    JEL: F13 F21 F41 F42 F51
    Date: 2019–05–01

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