nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2019‒03‒25
two papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Determinants of Locational Patenting Behavior of Canadian Firms By Eckert, Andrew; Langinier, Corinne; Zhao, Long
  2. Making the Rules: The Governance of Standard Development Organizations and their Policies on Intellectual Property Rights By Justus Baron; Jorge Contreras; Martin Husovec; Pierre Larouche

  1. By: Eckert, Andrew (University of Alberta, Department of Economics); Langinier, Corinne (University of Alberta, Department of Economics); Zhao, Long (University of Alberta, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: Using a unique data set combining Canadian and U.S patent data with firm level data, we analyze Canadian firms' locational patenting decisions during the period 2000-2008. We f ind first that Canadian firms' propensity to patent increases in rm size and research and development intensity, but decreases in firm age and profitability. Second, the likelihood of patenting in both the U.S. and Canada is associated with past patenting experience, firm size, profitability and patent scope. While manufacturing firms in export intensive industries are more likely to patent in both countries, firms in Foreign Direct Investment intensive industries are more likely to patent domestically. Finally, Canadian Intellectual Property Office's role as an International Search Authority under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) is associated with an increase in the use of PCT by Canadian firms.
    Keywords: Canadian firms; locational patenting behavior
    JEL: O12 O34
    Date: 2019–03–18
  2. By: Justus Baron; Jorge Contreras; Martin Husovec; Pierre Larouche
    Abstract: This study provides a comprehensive analysis of the governance of standard development organizations (SDOs), with a particular emphasis on organizations developing standards for Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The analysis is based on 17 SDO case studies, a survey of SDO stakeholders, an expert workshop, and a comprehensive review of the legal and economic literature. The study considers the external factors conditioning SDO decision making on rules and procedures, including binding legal requirements, government influence, the network of cooperative relationships with other SDOs and related organizations, and competitive forces. SDO decision-making is also shaped by internal factors, such as the SDOs’ institutional architecture of decision-making bodies and their respective decision-making processes, which govern the interaction among SDO stakeholders and between stakeholders and the SDO itself. The study also analyzes governance principles, such as openness, balance of interests, and consensus decision-making, and discusses their interplay. The insights from these analyses are applied to SDO decision making on Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) policies, which represents a particularly salient and controversial aspect of SDO policy development.
    Keywords: Standard developing organizations, governance, intellectual property rights
    Date: 2019–03

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