nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2018‒12‒03
three papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Why are some online courses more open than others? By Jacqmin, Julien
  2. Patent Pools, Vertical Integration, and Downstream Competition By Markus Reisinger; Emanuele Tarantino
  3. Current trends of employers? brands and strategies to improve the attractiveness of employers By Monika Vencourová

  1. By: Jacqmin, Julien
    Abstract: This paper studies the determinants of the intellectual property license of the Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) provided on a French platform. While they can opt for a traditional intellectual property right license, the vast majority chooses among creative commons licenses. Considering the ordering in terms of degree of openness of these licenses, we study the course-, teacher- and institution-related factors driving this decision. We observe that the field of study of the course and the characteristics of the institution providing the course play a role. We explain this result by the teachers' variable awareness and preferences with regard to open practices. We also find support for the idea that those willing to raise revenues by selling goods complementary to the MOOC (e.g. a textbook, certificate of completion or bundle of courses) are less likely to choose an open license.
    Keywords: Massive Open Online Courses, intellectual property rights license, creative commons, open educational resources
    JEL: I29 L17 O34
    Date: 2018–11–10
  2. By: Markus Reisinger; Emanuele Tarantino
    Abstract: Patent pools are commonly used to license technologies to manufacturers. Whereas previous studies focused on manufacturers active in independent markets, we analyze pools licensing to competing manufacturers, allowing for multiple licensors and non-linear tariffs. We find that the impact of pools on welfare depends on the industry structure: Whereas they are procompetitive when no manufacturer is integrated with a licensor, the presence of vertically integrated manufacturers triggers a novel trade-off between horizontal and vertical price coordination. Specifically, pools are anticompetitive if the share of integrated firms is large, procompetitive otherwise. We then formulate information-free policies to screen anticompetitive pools.
    Keywords: patent pools and horizontal pricing agreements, complementary patents, vertical integration and restraints, antitrust policy
    JEL: K11 L41 L42 O34
    Date: 2018–11
  3. By: Monika Vencourová (Mendel University in Brno)
    Abstract: The article deals with the attitude of HR specialists to current HR trends. It addresses the question of building an employer's brand as a competitive advantage in the labor market. Companies have begun or are slowly starting to deal with the Employer Branding concept. They do not want to leave anything to chance and want to manage their business with a long-term perspective. With a long-term perspective which helps firms to promote themselves on the external labor market in front of potential candidates and on the internal labor market in front of their own employees. This promotion must be able to address, attract, retain and motivate talented and qualified employees and ensure the engagement of their own employees. It is and will be a major challenge in recent years. Employer brand should serve as a useful organizational framework for strategic human resources management.For the purpose of these findings, an online survey is conducted every year, involving HR specialists. Research was conducted in 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018. The analyzes of individual years were evaluated and the results are compared on a year-to-year basis. The results show four main recommendations for companies operating in the Czech Republic. This paper is a part of a research ? project IGA (Internal Grant Agency) No. PEF_DP_2018004, Department of Management, FBE, MENDELU in Brno.
    Keywords: HR Marketing, Employer Branding, Czech Republic, HR specialists, Research of HR Marketing Trends, HR department, Employee, Employer, Personnel Marketing, Personnel Economics.
    JEL: M51 M54 M59
    Date: 2018–11

This nep-ipr issue is ©2018 by Giovanni Ramello. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.