nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2018‒11‒26
three papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Can China Stay Ahead in the Global Patent Race? By Naubahar Sharif
  2. Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation in Developing Countries: A Panel Analysis By Emna Rassâa; Hafedh Ben Abdennebi
  3. Measurement of intellectual capital in agricultural enterprises: a case study in Poland By Magdalena Kozera-Kowalska; Rafal Baum

  1. By: Naubahar Sharif (Associate Professor, Division of Social Science and Public Policy, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology; Institute for Emerging Market Studies, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)
    Abstract: Professor Naubahar Sharif, Faculty Associate at the Institute, offers insights on the high value of Chinese Patent. Quadic" patents add a fourth country to the global (OECD) standard of triadic patents: where companies file for patents in the U.S., Europe, and Japan. China has become the default fourth country in quadic patent filings made by multinational corporations. To secure its position among the U.S., European, and Japanese patent offices in quadic patents, China must enhance its intellectual property rights protection regime.
    Keywords: patent, global economic power, china, multinational corporations
    Date: 2018–10
  2. By: Emna Rassâa (IHEC, University of Carthage); Hafedh Ben Abdennebi (IHEC, University of Carthage)
    Abstract: Given the importance of innovation for the development and economic growth in developing countries, we therefore consider it necessary to examine the relationship between intellectual property rights (IPR) and innovation. In order to test this relationship, we use of panel data for a sample of 13 developing countries over the period from 1998 to 2011. We make two contributions to the literature. First of all, the majority of empirical studies, using a single indicator of IPR elaborated by Park And Ginarte (1997), usually do not take into account the application of laws on patents filed in the practice. Unlike the previous studies, we incorporate in our work a new indicator developed by Papageorgiadis et al. (2014) which used to measure the intensity of the dimension related to the application of patent systems. We have also used the one developed by Park and Ginarte (1997) that measures the strength of patent regulations. As a second contribution, we add a new factor likely to influence innovation, namely education. The variable of education has not been taken into account in some studies. On the one hand, our empirical results reveal the existence of nonlinear relationships between IPR and innovation and argue, on the other hand, that the economic development, the opening as well as education are essential factors that contribute significantly and positively to innovation in developing countries.
    Keywords: intellectual property rights, innovation, education, developing countries, panel data
    JEL: O31 O34 C23
    Date: 2018–10
  3. By: Magdalena Kozera-Kowalska (Poznan University of Life Science); Rafal Baum (Poznan University of Life Sciences)
    Abstract: This paper discusses the possible ways of measuring intellectual capital in agricultural enterprises. Of the many available methods, VAIC? by A. Puli? was assumed to be the most useful one. It was implemented for the purposes of research and to enable an empirical verification based on financial data of 148 agricultural enterprises. The analysis of results and the discovered deviations from substantive findings resulted in proposing a new indicator of Intellectual Sources of Value Added (ISVA) which was empirically verified using the same sample of businesses. The results suggest that ISVA provides a much more realistic reflection of the processes of value added creation from intellectual capital in agricultural enterprises. It also demonstrates that new value is created in a context of complementarity between tangible and intangible inputs which together provide the agricultural enterprises with a key to growth of efficiency.
    Keywords: intellectual capital, value added, agricultural holding performance, micro analysis of farms, intellectual capital measurement
    JEL: G32 L25 O12
    Date: 2018–10

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