nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2018‒05‒21
four papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Climate Agreement and Technology Diffusion: Impact of the Kyoto Protocol on International Patent Applications for Renewable Energy Technologies By Mai Miyamoto; Kenji Takeuchi
  2. Industrial cooperation and its influence on sustainable economic growth By Alena Fomina; Oksana Berduygina; Alexander Shatsky
  3. Gains from Digitization: Evidence from Gift-Giving in Music By Dogan, Pinar; Bourreau, Marc
  4. Incentives for New Drugs to Tackle Anti-Microbial Resistance By Ferraro, J.; Towse, A.; Mestre-Ferrandiz, J.

  1. By: Mai Miyamoto (Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University); Kenji Takeuchi (Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University)
    Abstract: This paper examines the Kyoto Protocol's impact on the international diffusion of renewable energy technologies. Using patent application data from 133 countries from 1990 to 2013, we find that the Kyoto Protocol increased international patent applications from the countries with emission targets. When we focus on countries with more stringent targets, the effect of the Kyoto Protocol is even stronger. We find a similar effect in international patent applications to four developing countries that are large emitters of greenhouse gases (GHGs): China, India, Brazil, and Mexico. These results suggest that the Kyoto Protocol stimulated international patenting activities from countries that are committed to stringent targets for climate mitigation.
    Keywords: Renewable energy; Kyoto Protocol; International patent applications
    JEL: F14 O33 Q55
    Date: 2018–05
  2. By: Alena Fomina (Central Research Institute of Economy Management and Information Systems "Electronics"); Oksana Berduygina (Tyumen Industrial University); Alexander Shatsky (Russian State Social University)
    Abstract: The stability of economic development is determined by the features of the network structure in collaborative engagement of enterprises. Industrial cooperation is just one part of that process; it differs in spatial coverage and range of activity. The complexity of taking into account the synergistic effect that arises in this case stresses the importance of this question from the theoretical and practical points of view. For this purpose, the paper considers the essence of industrial cooperation, some approaches to agglomerative tendencies and conceptual visions of cooperation from the standpoint of institutional theory. The investigation of the influence of cooperation on economic growth is based on several hypotheses. The first one is about the positive correlation between the studied parameters; the second one is about the fact that protection of institutional property rights is an important factor in cooperation development. These theories have been studied within the frame of loglinear model using the table of data about 20 European countries for the forecast period of 2017-2021. The results show that the mature system of industrial cooperation allows providing an additional economic growth at the level of 2.3-3.0%. It is also important to conclude that cooperation enhances the factor impact of the usual determinants of economic growth (working labor, capital and export). The model also takes into account some other possible determinants of economic growth such as expenses on research and development, use of a right of intellectual property and the Index of Economic Freedom. At the same time, a lax regulation in the sphere of property rights protection can become an incentive for co-operators. These and some other provisions determine the ways of enhancing of activity of enterprises for their close collaboration; it is emphasized that the development of co-operational relations has a great impact on competitiveness and sustainability.
    Keywords: sustainable economic growth,industrial cooperation,determinants of economic growth,integrated entities,effects of cooperation
    Date: 2018–03–30
  3. By: Dogan, Pinar (Harvard University); Bourreau, Marc (Telecom Paris Tech)
    Abstract: In this paper, we focus on recorded music gifts during the holiday season and estimate the reduction in deadweight loss due to the transition from physical CD gift-giving to digital music gift-giving with gift cards. Based on our survey data, we find that music CD gifts generate an average deadweight loss between 15 and 38 percent of the price. According to our estimates of gift music album sales which are based on U.S. data, the welfare gains from digitization, in terms of eliminated deadweight loss as a percentage of total spending on music albums, were between 5 to 13 percent during the week when digital sales peak in 2014.
    JEL: D10 L82 O33
    Date: 2018–02
  4. By: Ferraro, J.; Towse, A.; Mestre-Ferrandiz, J.
    Abstract: A new OHE Briefing has just been published entitled - Incentives for New Drugs to Tackle Anti-Microbial Resistance. Resistance to antibiotics is growing, posing a major health risk in rich and poor countries. Additional ways of rewarding R&D are required. Mechanisms designed to encourage companies to undertake R&D on new medicines are generally characterised as either "push" or "pull" programs. Push funding alone will not generate new medicines. Pull incentives are key to stimulating R&D for new antibiotics and vaccines. In this Briefing we look at the proposals in the 2016 O'Neill Report commissioned by the UK government and the 2017 GUARD Report commissioned by the German government. Our assessment is that both Transferable Intellectual Property Rights and the Market Entry Reward should be further explored for use in the EU as a regional "pull" incentive. A lead group of countries need to work together to develop a set of pull incentives to drive new antibiotic and vaccine R&D in Europe and globally.
    Keywords: Economics of Industry; Economics of Health Care Systems
    JEL: I1
    Date: 2017–05–01

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