nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2018‒04‒02
six papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. The impact of patent protection on R&D. Evidence using export markets. By Joel Blit; Mauricio Zelaya
  2. Is There a Role for Patents in the Financing of Innovative Firms? By Bronwyn H. Hall
  4. Patent Applications - Structures, Trends and Recent Developments 2017 By Neuhäusler, Peter; Rothengatter, Oliver; Frietsch, Rainer
  5. Legal and Policy Implications of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement: Focus on Intellectual Property By Vilchez, Ma. Gladys C.
  6. The Influence of Brand Extension Smartphone Samsung Galaxy Variable towards Brand Equity of Mother Brand of Samsung By Sudaryanto

  1. By: Joel Blit (Department of Economics, University of Waterloo); Mauricio Zelaya (NERA Economic Consulting)
    Abstract: We examine whether stronger patent protection promotes private sector R&D, using changes in the patent rights regime of export destination countries as a quasi-exogenous source of variation. Constructing an export-weighted index of trade partner patent rights by country-industry-year, we find that R&D responds strongly to trade partner patent rights, and this after including country-industry, country-year, and industry-year fixed effects. This relationship is present in industries where patents are an effective way to protect innovation, but not in patent insensitive industries. Our results suggest a causal link between patent rights and firm R&D investments and support the inclusion of patent rights provisions in trade agreements.
    JEL: O34
  2. By: Bronwyn H. Hall
    Abstract: It is argued by many that one of the benefits of the patent system is that it creates a property right to invention that enables firms to obtain financing for the development of that invention. In this paper, I review the reasons why ownership of knowledge assets might be useful in attracting finance and then survey the empirical evidence on patent ownership and its impact on the ability of firms to obtain further financing at different stages of their development, both starting up and after becoming established. Studies that attempt to separately identify the role of patent rights and the underlying quality of the associated innovation(s) will be emphasized, although these are rather rare.
    JEL: G24 G32 L26 O34
    Date: 2018–03
  3. By: Mário Alexandre Patrício Martins da Silva (Faculdade de Economia da Universidade do Porto)
    Abstract: In this paper, we explain the analytics of a particular type of mechanism of Open Innovation (OI), namely the management of non-pecuniary exchange of information, and address the relationship between Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs), particularly patent rights, and OI using a static game-theoretic setting of Research and Development competition. We show that, surprisingly perhaps, a rise in the strength of patent protection induces the free sharing and dissemination of technological information and other contributions to the OI development of innovations. Conversely, a fall in the strength of the patent system induces the exercise of traditional IPRs by innovative firms to protect their intellectual assets.
    Keywords: Open innovation; IPRs; knowledge spillovers; R&D
    JEL: O33
    Date: 2017–11
  4. By: Neuhäusler, Peter; Rothengatter, Oliver; Frietsch, Rainer
    Date: 2018
  5. By: Vilchez, Ma. Gladys C.
    Abstract: As the Philippines participates in negotiations for new-generation free trade agreements (FTAs), it is crucial for the country to have a critical assessment of its readiness to meet the obligations set out therein. Among others, the legal and policy implications of particular new-generation FTA provisions must be carefully examined. This paper provides a study of the legal and policy implications of the intellectual property (IP) provisions of these new-generation FTAs through an analysis of the relevant IP provisions of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement. It also reviews the IP treaties and conventions ratified by the Philippines, the current IP laws and related laws enacted to implement these treaties, as well as the legal framework within which IP rights are protected and enforced, to assess their convergence with TPP obligations, draw out the gaps, and identify policy and regulatory changes and administrative actions that may be required for the Philippines to achieve readiness to join the TPP or similar FTAs.
    Keywords: Philippines, TPP, FTA, free trade agreement, Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, new-generation FTAs, intellectual property
    Date: 2018
  6. By: Sudaryanto (Faculty of Economics and Business University of Jember, Indonesia. Author-2-Name: Jery Courvisanos Author-2-Workplace-Name: Faculty of Economics and Business Federation University Australia Author-3-Name: Alif Puji Rahayu Author-3-Workplace-Name: Faculty of Economics and Business Federation University Australia)
    Abstract: Objective – The purpose of this study is to identify the influence of similarity, reputation, perceived risk, and innovation as brand extensions of smartphones developed by Samsung, toward brand equity. Methodology/Technique – This study uses explanatory research. The population in this study consists of consumers of Samsung Galaxy mobiles for at least one month. Questionnaires were delivered to the respondents, after it had passed the validity and reliability tests. Following on from the statistical testing, the data was analysed using a multiple linear regression. Then, the classical assumption test was conducted to determine the goodness of fit of the model. The data was collected using a questionnaire consisting of a closed statement, measured by a Likert Scale Findings – The results of this study show that similarity, reputation, perceived risk, and innovation as the variable dimensions have a significant effect on Brand Equity of Samsung Galaxy mobiles.
    Keywords: Brand Extension; Brand Equity; Similarity; Reputation; Perceived Risk; Innovation; Explanatory Research.
    JEL: M3 M30 M39
    Date: 2018–02–22

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