nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2017‒07‒09
two papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. The Role of Patents in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). A survey of the Literature. By Stefano Comino; Fabio M. Manenti; NIkolaus Thumm
  2. International protection of intellectual property rights: a stochastic frontier index By José Fernández Donoso; Fernando Hernández

  1. By: Stefano Comino (Univeristy of Udine); Fabio M. Manenti (University of Padova); NIkolaus Thumm (European Commission JRC Seville)
    Abstract: During the last decades, the number of ICT related patents has increased considerably. In association with a great fragmentation in IP rights, the increasing number of patents has generated a series of potentially problematic consequences. Patent thickets, royalty stacking, the emergence of patent assertion entities, increased patent litigation – in particular around standard essential patents – and the difficulties in the definition of fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory (FRAND) licensing terms are among the most debated issues in the literature that we review in this paper. We devote a specific section of our survey to patents involving software products, where the above problems are amplified by the high level of abstraction of computer algorithms. In our analysis we mix theoretical and empirical arguments with a more policy-oriented reasoning. This allows us to better position the different issues in the relevant political and economic context.
    Date: 2017–06
  2. By: José Fernández Donoso; Fernando Hernández (School of Business and Economics, Universidad del Desarrollo)
    Abstract: This paper combines two bodies of work: the literature regarding the measurement of the strength of intellectual property rights (IPR) protection systems and stochastic production frontier efficiency analysis. We propose measuring the efficiency of IPR protection systems by comparing optimal production frontier of innovation to real results, through a measure based on the existing Stochastic Frontier Analysis of technical efficiency. Our results indicate that, despite imperfect datasets, this approach provides interesting results comparable to measures in Park (2008) and other IPR strength indicators. Some issues to be further explored longer datasets and richer information, and innovation measurements. This paper also adds some evidence to the idea of an inverted U relationship between innovation output and IPR protection system strength.
    Keywords: Intellectual property, Innovation, Global Innovation Index, Patent applications, Economic development, Stochastic frontier analysis, Fixed effects
    Date: 2017–05

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