nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2016‒11‒13
six papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Knowledge Disclosure, Patent Management, and the Four-Stroke Engine Business By Saiz, Patricio; Amengual, Rafael
  2. On the relation between patent citations and patent value By Jurriën Bakker
  3. Landscape of standard essential patents : The case of East Asian countries By DANG, Jianwei; KANG, Byeongwoo; DING, Ke
  4. Assessing producers’ perceptions of protecting coffee and apple mangoes as geographical indications in Kenya By Maina, FW; Mburu, J
  6. A fair monetization model to reconcile authors and consumers of intellectual property By Evgeny Ivanko

  1. By: Saiz, Patricio (Departamento de Análisis Económico: Teoría Económica e Historia Económica. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid); Amengual, Rafael (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid y Oficina Española de Patentes y Marcas)
    Abstract: The appropriateness of patent systems has been largely discussed and has led to substantial theoretical debates and empirical analyses. One of the most significant arguments in favor of patents is that they enable knowledge disclosure, which would compensate their social cost. Through an evolutionary approach to a key case study based on a radical innovation and business –the four-stroke engine invented by the German Nicolaus August Otto in 1876– we provide new and fresh insights on the disclosure issue, on patent management hidden strategies, and on patent institutions and controversies.
    Keywords: patent disclosure, ipr management, thermal machines, four-stroke engine, Otto
    JEL: N70 N83 O32 O33 O34
    Date: 2016–02
  2. By: Jurriën Bakker
    Abstract: This paper reports the results of an analysis of patent citation and patent renewal data, advancing a log-linear relation between patent citations and patent value. A complementary analysis of firms’ patent portfolios confirms that modelling the relation between citations and firm value benefits from the adoption of the log-linear form.
    Keywords: patent citations, patent value, patent renewal, Tobin’s Q
    Date: 2016–10
  3. By: DANG, Jianwei; KANG, Byeongwoo; DING, Ke
    Abstract: Technical standards in the mobile communications industry have been developed from national to regional and from regional to global. In the current era, global standards in the industry have enabled the formation of a single global market. However, because standard essential patents (SEPs) are territorial given the nature of the patent system, they can function as an opportunity or a threat depending on whether or not they are protected in countries of interest. This paper investigates how W-CDMA and LTE SEPs owned by East Asian countries are globally distributed. From the analysis, the current study discovers East Asian SEP owners’ strategies, future opportunities, and threats in their international businesses.
    Keywords: East Asia, Essential Patent, Standard
    JEL: L19 O30 O53
    Date: 2016–10
  4. By: Maina, FW; Mburu, J
    Abstract: Consumers are increasingly demanding for information on product quality, methods and characteristics of geographical region of production. As such, protecting unique products as geographical indications is on the increase. Geographical indications identify a product as originating from a region where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic desired by consumers, is essentially or exclusively attributable to its geographical origin. Having the legal legislation is necessary but not sufficient factor in protection of products as geographical indications (GI). Other essential factors include the producers’ awareness of the uniqueness and willingness to register the product for protection and marketing. Their perceived benefits and other characteristics will influence their decision to register the product as a GI. The study sought to understand underlying variables describing producers’ perceptions of the quality of coffee in Muranga and mango in Makueni as potential geographical indications. At least 132 producers randomly sampled were interviewed in each county using semi-structured questionnaires. The study applied factor analysis to summarise producers’ perceptions and regressed the resulting factors against a set of explanatory variables to determine factors influencing these perceptions. Six and five underlying variable (factors) were identified for coffee and mango producers’ perceptions respectively. The factors explained at least 75.3% and 71.5% of the variance in the original variables for coffee and mango producers’ perceptions respectively. The regression results with varying Fstatistics showed the importance of conducting specific analysis for each product in each region to identify the potential for protecting the products as GI.
    Keywords: Factor analysis, geographical indications, producer perceptions, coffee, apple mango, Crop Production/Industries, Environmental Economics and Policy, Land Economics/Use,
    Date: 2016–09
  5. By: Banu Külter DemirgüneÅŸ (Ahi Evran University); Bülent Özsaçmacı (Çankaya University)
    Abstract: It is important for marketers to understand the individuals’ buying decisions in a competitive environment. The concept of decision making style is one of the key determinants of consumers’ behavioral patterns. This study aims to explore the effects of consumers’ decision making styles on buying national and store branded food products. To examine consumer decision making styles, Sproles and Kendall’s (1986) The Consumer Style Inventory (CSI) is adopted in the study. The framework of this study is based on eight consumer decision making style, expected to shape consumers’ national and store brand choice on food products. The empirical analysis is based on data obtained from consumers living in Kırşehir, a city in Turkey. Questionnaires was handed over to 500 customer of retail stores both selling national and their own brands. Firstly, exploratory factor analysis is used to confirm the model, then multiple regression analysis is used to test the hypothesis and to compare consumer’s national and store brand choice, in the context of their decision making styles. The study is expected to help retailers develop suitable strategies for national and store branded food products. In fact it is important to develop a certain and an accurate understanding of consumers’ decision making styles for successful marketing and advertising strategies. Besides, different marketing strategies for both national and store branded food products can be tailored to the characteristics of consumers.
    Keywords: Consumer Decision Making Styles, The Consumer Style Inventory, Store Brand, National Brand
    JEL: M31
  6. By: Evgeny Ivanko
    Abstract: In this small article one compromise monetization strategy is proposed, which hopefully may lead to a more satisfactory coexistence of IP manufacturers and consumers. The motto is "fair exchange": you use our IP-product, we use your product (in form of money); when you do not need our product any more, we change back.
    Date: 2016–11

This nep-ipr issue is ©2016 by Giovanni Ramello. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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