nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2015‒08‒07
seven papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Process innovations, patent litigation and time effects By Barrenechea, Martin
  2. The structure of steel exports: Changes in specialisation and the role of innovation By Anthony de Carvalho; Naoki Sekiguchi
  3. Mechanisms of Patent Licensing for Varietal Innovation By Sapkota, Pratikshya; Gallardo, Karina; McCluskey, Jill; Rickard, Bradley
  4. "Thou shalt not leech" Are digital pirates conditional cooperators? By Wojciech Hardy; Michal Krawczyk; Joanna Tyrowicz
  5. Friends or foes? A meta-analysis of the link between "online piracy" and sales of cultural goods By Wojciech Hardy; Michal Krawczyk; Joanna Tyrowicz
  6. The Effect of Brand Equity across Seafood Products By Lee, Yoonsuk; Chang, JaeBong
  7. Common Names or Protected Property? A US Perspective on Strengthening GI Protection By Babcock, Bruice A.

  1. By: Barrenechea, Martin
    Abstract: In this work we extend the model developed in (Aoki and Hu, 2003) in order to cover cost reduction innovations, instead of product innovations originally developed on that article. The results show that smaller innovations are more licensable. Regarding the time factors, infringers like faster innovation and patentees prefer bigger innovations and longer imitation periods. Under some suitable situations, litigation time could support innovation and discourage infringement. However the patent life has ambiguous effects and may promote infringement.
    Keywords: Patents, innovation Policy, Applied Game Theory
    JEL: L0
    Date: 2015
  2. By: Anthony de Carvalho; Naoki Sekiguchi
    Abstract: This paper examines changes in the steel-related export structure of the ten largest steelmaking economies between 2004 and 2014, in terms of the steel products exported and the market destination for those exports. To shed light on how exporters’ patterns of specialisation have changed in the period since 2004, indices of “Revealed Comparative Advantage” (RCA) are developed for a number of low, medium and high value-added steel products, indicating that export specialisation patterns may be changing noticeably as some steel producers in emerging economies move up the value chain and begin exporting more sophisticated steel products. The paper also assesses the role of innovation, as measured by patents, in determining the export structure of countries, and finds a positive correlation between innovation activity and export specialisation in higher value-added steel segments.
    Keywords: trade, patents, comparative advantage
    JEL: F14 L6 O34
    Date: 2015–07–29
  3. By: Sapkota, Pratikshya; Gallardo, Karina; McCluskey, Jill; Rickard, Bradley
    Keywords: Patent Licensing, Apple, Commercialization, Agricultural and Food Policy,
    Date: 2015
  4. By: Wojciech Hardy (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw); Michal Krawczyk (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw); Joanna Tyrowicz (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw; National Bank of Poland)
    Abstract: In this project we investigate willingness to share and download cultural content by implementing a novel "piracy game" modelled after standard public good games. Subjects' decisions have real consequence, as they are rewarded with individual "transfer" on a file-sharing service. We find that willingness to share depends positively on the sharing by others. Interestingly, however, this tendency does not seem to be associated with reciprocity or other-regarding social preferences. We employ several measures of sharing - from self-reporting to experimental - and incorporate to the analysis other factors which may explain the autonomous willingness to share, irrespective of the group effects. We find that conditional cooperation in content sharing is fairly prevalent, but unrelated to personality traits, attitude towards risk, attitude towards the other, marginal valuation, as well as socio-demographic characteristics.
    Keywords: digital piracy, Big Five, public goods, laboratory experiment
    JEL: C92 D63
    Date: 2015
  5. By: Wojciech Hardy (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw); Michal Krawczyk (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw); Joanna Tyrowicz (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw; National Bank of Poland)
    Abstract: Over the past decade or so, the literature has sprung in analyses of the impact the so-called online or digital "piracy" has on sales. Since theory posits both positive and negative effects are possible, the question remains purely empirical. Consequently, there is a variety of published articles and working papers arguing in both ways, many of which attempt to account for the challenge of providing a reliable and causal effect. The objective of this survey is to review and discuss the accomplishments of the field so far. We also provide a tentative meta-analysis. Despite the multiplicity of measures and methods used we argue that the literature as a whole fails to reject the null hypothesis of no effects on sales.
    Keywords: digital piracy, cultural goods, meta analysis
    JEL: C92 D63
    Date: 2015
  6. By: Lee, Yoonsuk; Chang, JaeBong
    Abstract: The brand equity can be an important marketing strategy in seafood marketing industry. The effect of brand equity on unbreaded frozen products of shrimp, salmon and tilapia is measured through unit market share. The results indicate that brand equity of the selected seafood products scarcely exits. However, a noteworthy market share of store brands draws an important attention on a role of store brands in seafood markets.
    Keywords: Brand equity, market share, Agribusiness, Agricultural and Food Policy, Institutional and Behavioral Economics,
    Date: 2014
  7. By: Babcock, Bruice A.
    Keywords: TTIP, GIs, IPRs, Trade, Agribusiness, Agricultural and Food Policy, Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety, Institutional and Behavioral Economics, International Relations/Trade, Political Economy,
    Date: 2015–04

This nep-ipr issue is ©2015 by Giovanni Ramello. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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