nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2015‒05‒22
four papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Intellectual Property Rights Protection and Trade By Auriol, Emmanuelle; Biancini, Sara; Paillacar, Rodrigo
  2. Internet peer production and unauthorized copying of intellectual property via BitTorrent network By Slawomir Czetwertynski
  3. What do firms know? What do they produce? A new look at the relationship between patenting profiles and patterns of product diversification By G. Dosi; M. Grazzi; D. Moschella
  4. Traditional Terms and Appellation Wines Debates in Sight of TTIP Negotiation By Gaeta, Davide; Corsinovi, Paola

  1. By: Auriol, Emmanuelle; Biancini, Sara; Paillacar, Rodrigo
    Abstract: The paper studies developing countries' incentives to protect intellectual property rights (IPR). IPR enforcement is U-shaped in a country's market size relative to the aggregated market size of its trade partners: small/poor countries protect IPR to get access to advanced economies' markets, while large emerging countries tend to free-ride on rich countries' technology to serve their internal demand. Asymmetric protection of IPR, strict in the North and lax in the South, leads in many cases to a higher level of innovation than universal enforcement. An empirical analysis conducted with panel data covering 112 countries and 45 years supports the theoretical predictions.
    Keywords: developing countries; imitation; innovation; intellectual property rights; oligopoly; trade policy
    JEL: F12 F13 F15 L13 O31 O34
    Date: 2015–05
  2. By: Slawomir Czetwertynski (Wroclaw University of Economics)
    Abstract: This article refers to the phenomenon of peer production in the context of unauthorized copying of information goods. Peer production as says Yochai Benkler is production based on activity of community. It is widely used on the Internet and in its effect there have been created and developed such information goods as GNU Linux and Wikipedia. Although peer production contributes to the growing importance of free software or open source initiative, it is also strongly associated with the spread of unauthorized copying of intellectual property commonly know as Internet piracy. The mass character of this phenomenon - nearly 24% of Internet traffic is unauthorized - can not be underestimated. The hypothesis stands in the article is that a low level of protection against the production of unauthorized copies of intellectual property stems from the fact that they are formed largely in the process of peer production. The objective of the study is to verify this hypothesis in the context of the nature of peer production and unauthorized copying. The research area is limited to file-sharing networks P2P protocol based on BitTorret.
    Keywords: peer production, unauthorized copying, intelecttual property, BitTorrent
    JEL: D01 D24 O34
    Date: 2015–05
  3. By: G. Dosi; M. Grazzi; D. Moschella
    Abstract: In this work we analyze the relationship between the patterns of firm diversification, if any, across product lines and across bodies of innovative knowledge, proxied by the patent classes where the firm is present. Putting it more emphatically we investigate the relationship between "what a firm does" and "what a firm knows". Using a newly developed dataset matching information on patents and products at the firm level, we provide evidence concerning firms' technological and product scope, their relationships, the size-scaling and coherence properties of diversification itself. Our analysis shows that typically firms are much more diversified in terms of products than in terms of technologies, with their main products more related to the exploitation of their innovative knowledge. The scaling properties show that the number of products and technologies increase log-linearly with firm size. And the directions of diversification themselves display coherence between neighboring activities also at relatively high degrees of diversification. These findings are well in tune with a capability-based theory of the firm.
    JEL: C81 D22 L20 L25 O31
    Date: 2015–04
  4. By: Gaeta, Davide; Corsinovi, Paola
    Abstract: The game of chess between EU and US (TTIP) for the wine sector revolves around two main issues on which the negotiating partners are divided. The first regards the recognition of EU wines with PDO and PGI and protection of “semi-generic names”. The second considers the protection of “traditional terms” (TTs) used as description of product characteristics or production systems and represents the highest expression of excellence as synonymous with quality recognized. Towards an overview of the claims, different requests and debates on the ongoing TTIP, the aim of this paper is to demonstrate how international trade finds itself increasingly threatened and facing a series of obstacles along with showing the disparities between EU and US. Beyond the official position, the real game is played between selfish interests: those who defend collective brand reputation and those who support the private brand interest.
    Keywords: Wine, Traditional Terms, Appellation of Origin, Agricultural and Food Policy, Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety,
    Date: 2015–04

This nep-ipr issue is ©2015 by Giovanni Ramello. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.