nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2014‒10‒03
three papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Innovation and copyright infringement: The Case of Commercial Piracy and End-user Piracy By Dyuti Banerjee; Sougata Poddar
  2. The Contribution of Academic Knowledge to the Value of Industry Inventions: Micro level evidence from patent inventors. By Fassio, Claudio; Geuna, Aldo; Rossi, Federica
  3. How can a corporate brand (of higher education) benefit from social networks in its internal communication strategy? The case of Catholic University of Portugal - Porto By Teresa Lopes; Joana César Machado

  1. By: Dyuti Banerjee (Department of Economics, Monash University, Australia); Sougata Poddar (Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Law, Auckland University of Technology)
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyse the question, whether copyright infringement of digital products like software commonly labelled as piracy impedes innovation. We find the answer depends on the nature of piracy i.e. whether it is end-users or commercial piracy. For end user piracy, copyright infringement does not necessarily impede innovation; in fact it can be shown that it encourages innovation when the pirates are active. However, for commercial piracy, it always impedes innovation which has negative implications on the overall welfare of the society. We show under what conditions the government intervention through IPR protection strategy (like monitoring and imposing a fine to the pirate) can support the copyright holder for higher level of innovation. We find the socially optimally monitoring rate for the government that result in maximum innovation for the copyright holder
    Keywords: Innovation; piracy; monitoring; social welfare
    JEL: D21 D43 L13 L21 L26 O3
    Date: 2013–09
  2. By: Fassio, Claudio; Geuna, Aldo; Rossi, Federica (University of Turin)
    Abstract: There is little evidence on the specific characteristics of the process of university-industry knowledge transfer leading to the generation of valuable inventions. Using the results of an original survey of industry inventors of European patents, resident in the Italian region of Piedmont, we analyze what determines the value of inventions that have benefited from academic knowledge. We find that inventors with greater cognitive proximity to the university and higher patenting output are more likely to interact with universities and to benefit from u niversity knowledge. After controlling for the characteristics of firms and technologies, we find that it is the transfer of theoretical academic knowledge rather than solutions to more technical and specified problems that leads to more valuable inventions. We found some evidence that knowledge transfer processes involving direct personal collaboration between the company inventor and the university researcher (which are characterized by higher trust as a result of social network embeddedness) are conducive to relatively higher value inventions.
    Date: 2014–07
  3. By: Teresa Lopes (Faculdade de Economia e Gestão, Universidade Católica Portuguesa - Porto); Joana César Machado (Faculdade de Economia e Gestão and CEGE, Universidade Católica Portuguesa - Porto)
    Abstract: The purpose of this research is to investigate how a corporate brand of higher education can benefit from a social network for the development of its internal communication strategy. The research strategy involves a case study about Catholic University of Portugal, in Porto, and a qualitative data analysis. The results obtained suggest that, in comparison to its competitors, Catholic University of Porto is still at an early Web 1.0 stage, not taking advantage of the interactivity and customization potential of its internal communication. Social networks are indeed used, but only for external communication. In contrast, some of its international competitors use a private social network, Ning, to improve their corporate communication strategy. Findings also show that these tools are favorably perceived by the university’s employees, and could allow Catholic University to improve its internal communication system considerably. In particular, the use of social networks would offer professors and researchers an effective platform for sharing their research, building valuable partnerships or working in multidisciplinary projects. We believe that this research presents important benefits, both from an academic standpoint (several research domains were involved) and from an organizational perspective (by contributing to the strengthening of the university´s corporate brand). The main contribution of this work is related with the development of an exhaustive strategic plan for the implementation of an internal corporate social network.
    Keywords: Corporate brand; social networks, internal communication, higher education
    Date: 2014–07

This nep-ipr issue is ©2014 by Giovanni Ramello. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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