nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2014‒08‒28
two papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”

  1. Intellectual property rights protection in the presence of exhaustible resources By Hori, Takeo; Yamagami, Hiroaki
  2. Uncovering Trade Secrets - An Empirical Assessment of Economic Implications of Protection for Undisclosed Data By Douglas C. Lippoldt; Mark F. Schultz

  1. By: Hori, Takeo; Yamagami, Hiroaki
    Abstract: We construct a research and development (R&D) based endogenous growth model with exhaustible resources and investigate whether protection of intellectual property rights (IPR) can sustain perpetual growth. We show that relatively weak IPR protection is sufficient to sustain perpetual growth when goods production is more resource-intensive, whereas relatively strong IPR protection is needed for perpetual growth if production is less resource-intensive. If the resource intensity in goods production is medium, even the strictest IPR protection cannot sustain perpetual growth when the quality improvements brought about by innovations are small enough. In this case, we find that R&D subsidies can complement IPR protection in sustaining perpetual growth. We derive the socially optimal level of IPR protection, which is increasing in the resource intensity of goods production. Furthermore, we also consider a case where resource is essential for R&D activities and show a knife-edge condition for perpetual growth.
    Keywords: Endogenous growth; Exhaustible resource; Innovation; Intellectual property rights protection; Patent breadth
    JEL: L50 O30 P28
    Date: 2014–08
  2. By: Douglas C. Lippoldt; Mark F. Schultz
    Abstract: This paper takes stock of the protection of trade secrets for a sample of 37 countries, provides historical data for the period since 1985, and considers the relationship of the stringency of the protection of trade secrets to relevant economic performance indicators. The paper finds that there has been a notable increase in the stringency of trade secrets protection in a broad sample of countries during the period from 1985 to 2010. The paper also finds a positive association between the stringency of trade secrets protection and key indicators of innovation and international economic flows. Further details of the methodology and additional country data can be found in the background paper provided in phase I of the OECD trade secrets project [OECD Trade Policy Paper No. 162].
    Keywords: intellectual property rights, economic assessment, trade secrets, trade secrets protection index
    JEL: F13 O34
    Date: 2014–08–11

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