nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2013‒08‒31
five papers chosen by
Giovanni Ramello
Universita' Amedeo Avogadro

  1. Organizational Forms in the Knowledge Economy: A Comparative Institutional Analysis By Erkan Gürpinar
  2. rKnowledge: The Spatial Diffusion of rDNA Methods By Maryann Feldman; Dieter Kogler; David Rigby
  3. The Sustainable Green Growth Perspective of Pakistan: In the Context of Environment Friendly Technologies By Rabia Manzoor; Ghulam Samad
  4. Optimal Pricing and Quality of Academic Journals and the Ambiguous Welfare Effects of Forced Open Access: A Two-sided Model By Mueller-Langer, Frank; Watt, Richard
  5. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act, industrial innovation, and real option creation By Waters, James

  1. By: Erkan Gürpinar
    Abstract: This paper attempts to provide an analytical framework to analyze organizational forms in the knowledge economy. We first outline some historical trends that have transformed the organization of production over the last few decades. We show that this transformation has taken place not only in the realm of intellectual property rights (IPRs) regime, but also in technology. Finally, by recourse to a formal model, we study the determinants of the distribution of alternative institutional arrangements in this new environment. We argue that organizational ecology is mainly determined by knowledge network effects, and complementarities between IPRs and technology.
    Keywords: Institutional complementarities, Organizational forms, Technology, Intellectual property rights
    JEL: K11 L23 O34
    Date: 2013–07
  2. By: Maryann Feldman; Dieter Kogler; David Rigby
    Abstract: The 1980 patent granted to Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer for their development of rDNA technology played a critical role in the establishment of the modern biotechnology industry. From the birth of this general purpose technology in the San Francisco Bay area, rDNA-related knowledge diffused across sectors and regions of the U.S. economy. The local absorption and application of rDNA technology is tracked across metropolitan areas with USPTO patent data. The influence of cognitive, geographical and social proximity on the spatial diffusion of rDNA knowledge is explored using event history and panel models.
    Keywords: Evolutionary Economic Geography, Technology Evolution, Knowledge Recombination and Diffusion, Patent Analysis, General Purpose Technology, rDNA Method
    JEL: M13 O31 O32 O34
    Date: 2013–08
  3. By: Rabia Manzoor (Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Islamabad); Ghulam Samad (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE) Islamabad.)
    Abstract: Policy-makers advocate a fundamental shift towards “Green Growth” as the new qualitatively different growth paradigm. This paper illustrates the green growth perspective of Pakistan to address the question of achieving sustainable green growth in the context of green/environmental technology to maintain and restore the environmental quality and ecological integrity, while meeting the needs of all people with the lowest possible environmental impacts. Pakistan needs both development and access to green technologies that will facilitate the transition to less carbon intensive economy to address the green growth. At this stage it is very important to understand the Pakistan existing level of organisations/institutions to understand their coping strategies. Therefore, the primarily objective of this study is sustainable development in the preamble of green growth/economy perspective of Pakistan. The focused area would be Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs), Research and Development (R&D), and Environmental Taxations. We will survey all the related organisations in Pakistan, which are directly or indirectly related to the green growth developmental agenda induced by IPRs, R&D, and Environmental Taxation.
    Keywords: Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation, Sustainable Development
    Date: 2013
  4. By: Mueller-Langer, Frank; Watt, Richard
    Abstract: We analyse optimal pricing and quality of a monopolistic journal and the optimality of open access in a two-sided model. The predominant aspect of the model that determines the quality levels at which open access is optimal is the nature of the (non-linear) externalities between readers and authors in a journal. We show that there exist scenarios in which open access is a feature of high-quality journals. Besides, we find that the removal of copyright (and thus forced open access) will likely increase both readership and authorship, will decrease journal profits, and may increase social welfare.
    Keywords: Two-sided markets; academic journals; open access; removal of copyright; welfare effects
    JEL: L11 L82 O34
    Date: 2013–08–21
  5. By: Waters, James
    Abstract: We look at the effect of the US Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) financial regulation on industrial innovation. Our theoretical framework shows it creating immediate uncertainty about its costs and future resolution of cost and managerial performance uncertainty. Real option value is created for investment delay. We construct a panel of patenting data and fit our model to it. We find a dip in patenting after SOX and subsequent medium term recovery, with larger dips for small, risky, and new companies. In the medium term, these companies continue to have relatively lower patenting. Like SOX, the dynamic behaviour is found only to apply to US companies. Our results have implications for policy and analysis.
    Keywords: Innovation; Patents; Sarbanes-Oxley; Regulation; Real options
    JEL: G32 G38 O31 O38
    Date: 2013–08–19

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