nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2011‒10‒15
five papers chosen by
Roland Kirstein
Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg

  1. R&D and knowledge dynamics in university-industry relationships in biotech and pharmaceuticals: An agent-based model By Triulzi, Giorgio; Scholz, Ramon; Pyka, Andreas
  2. A supply side story for a threshold model: Endogenous growth of the free and open source community By F. Rullani; L. Zirulia
  3. Industries at the World Technology Frontier: Measuring R&D Efficiency in a Non-Parametric DEA Framework By Schmidt-Ehmcke, Jens; Zloczysti, Petra
  4. Research output from university-industry collaborative projects By Albert Banal-Estañol; Inés Macho-Stadler; David Pérez-Castrillo
  5. Choosing a Licensee from Heterogeneous Rivals By Anthony Creane; Chiu Yu Ko; Hideo Konishi

  1. By: Triulzi, Giorgio; Scholz, Ramon; Pyka, Andreas
    Abstract: In the last two decades, University-Industry Relationships have played an outstanding role in shaping innovation activities in Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals. Despite the growing importance and the considerable scope of these relationships, there still is an intensive and open debate on their short and long term effects on the research system in life sciences. So far, the extensive literature on this topic has not been able to provide a widely accepted answer. This work introduces a new way to analyse University-Industry Relationships (UIRs) which makes use of an agent-based simulation model. With the help of simulation experiments and the comparison of different scenario results, new insights on the effects of these relationships on the innovativeness of the research system can be gained. In particular, focusing on knowledge interactions among heterogeneous actors, we show that: (i) universities tend to shift from a basic to an applied research orientation as a consequence of relationships with industry, (ii) universities' innovative capabilities benefit from industry financial resources but not so much from cognitive resources of the companies, (iii) biotech companies' innovative capabilities largely benefit from the knowledge interaction with universities and (iv) adequate policies in terms of public basic research funding can contrast the negative effects of UIRs on university research orientation. --
    Keywords: University-Industry Relationships,Knowledge Dynamics,University Patenting,Technology Transfer,Agent-Based Modelling
    Date: 2011
  2. By: F. Rullani; L. Zirulia
    Abstract: The study of social institutions producing and disseminating knowledge has mainly concentrated on two main concepts: Science and Technology. This paper examines a recent institutional form that seems not to resemble either of the other two; that is, knowledge-intensive communities, where individuals freely exchange knowledge through information and communication technology. Using free and open source software as an example, we develop a model where this phenomenon is confronted with Technology with respect to its ability to attract researchers.
    JEL: O31 L86 L88
    Date: 2011–09
  3. By: Schmidt-Ehmcke, Jens; Zloczysti, Petra
    Abstract: This paper identifies the leading country-industry combinations that define the world technology frontier in manufacturing. Using a unique industry dataset compiled from EU KLEMS and PATSTAT, it explores which countries and industries reveal the most efficient innovation processes. We combine a traditional nonparametric frontier approach with super-efficiency and tests for return to scale properties using bootstrap procedures to derive consistent and robust efficiency estimates. Our analysis of 17 OECD countries and 13 industries between 2000 and 2004 shows that Germany, the United States, and Denmark have the highest R&D efficiency on average in total manufacturing. However, sector-specific efficiency scores reveal substantial variation across countries. The principal industries determining the technology frontier are electrical and optical equipment, machinery, and chemical and mineral products. Our results suggest that in case of limited resources, priority should be given to the industries that promise the largest output for the available amount of investment. Instead of generally increasing the R&D-to-GDP ratio--as suggested in the Lisbon Agenda--policymakers might target future R&D efforts to those industries that are economically important and reveal excellent performance.
    Keywords: data envelopment analysis; manufacturing; patents; R&D efficiency; technology frontier
    JEL: C14 L60 O31 O57
    Date: 2011–09
  4. By: Albert Banal-Estañol (Universitat Pompeu Fabra & City University); Inés Macho-Stadler (Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona); David Pérez-Castrillo (Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)
    Abstract: We study collaborative and non-collaborative projects that are supported by government grants. First, we propose a theoretical framework to analyze optimal decisions in these projects. Second, we test our hypotheses with a unique dataset containing academic publications and research funds for all the academics at the major engineering departments in the UK. We find that the type of the project (measured by its level of appliedness) is increasing in the type of both the university and firm partners. Also, the quality of the project (number and impact of the publications) increases with the quality of the researcher and firm, and with the affinity in the partners’ preferences. The collaboration with firms increases the quality of the project only when the firms’ characteristics make them valuable partners.
    Keywords: industry-science links, research collaborations, basic versus applied research
    JEL: O32 I23
    Date: 2011
  5. By: Anthony Creane (Michigan State University); Chiu Yu Ko (Boston College); Hideo Konishi (Boston College)
    Abstract: We examine a firm that can license its production technology to a rival when firms are heterogeneous in production costs. We show that a complete technology transfer from one firm to another always increases joint profit under weakly concave demand when at least three firms remain in the industry. A jointly profitable transfer may reduce social welfare, although a jointly profitable transfer from the most efficient firm always increases welfare. We also consider two auction games under complete information: a standard first-price auction and a menu auction by Bernheim and Whinston (1986). With natural refinement of equilibria, we show that the resulting licensees are ordered by degree of efficiency: menu auction, simple auction, and joint-profit maximizing licensees, in (weakly) descending order.
    Keywords: licensing, production costs, technology transfer, auction games
    JEL: D4 L24 L4
    Date: 2011–09–30

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