nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2011‒07‒21
three papers chosen by
Roland Kirstein
Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg

  1. Do firms that create intellectual property also create and sustain more good jobs? Evidence for UK firms, 2000-2006 By Christine Greenhalgh; Mark Rogers; Philipp Schautschick
  2. Management information systems in an open source software context By Teiu, Codrin-Marius
  3. Does Europe have an innovation policy? The case of EU economic law By Battaglia, Lauren; Larouche, Pierre; Negrinotti, Matteo

  1. By: Christine Greenhalgh (Oxford University); Mark Rogers (Oxford University); Philipp Schautschick (University of Munich)
    Abstract: A common assumption in innovation policy circles is that creative and inventive firms will help to sustain employment and wages in high wage countries. The view is that firms in high cost production locations that do not innovate are faced with loss of market share from import competition, so jobs move to producers in developing countries with lower labour costs. Domestic firms are encouraged to innovate, and to obtain intellectual property assets to protect their innovations, so that they can sustain local employment and pay high wages. Policies to subsidise R&D and to encourage intellectual property protection are partly justified on these grounds. Nevertheless the available evidence concerning the employment and wage benefits of such activity is rather sparse. In this paper we first survey some existing literature on innovation and jobs. We outline arguments for using both patents and trade marks as indicators of innovation. We then construct a large sample of UK firms observed from 2000 to 2006, matching records of patents and trade marks to company data. We begin by estimating a cross section employment growth equation for 2003-2006 to discover if there is any impact of stocks of trade marks acquired in 2000-2003. We then explore in more detail the impact of recent trade mark and patenting activity on the level of employment and the average rate of pay in these firms. We do this using the data as a six year panel, estimating both an employment function and a relative earnings equation at the firm level. Our aim throughout is to identify and calibrate the assumed positive effects that underpin modern innovation policy.
    Keywords: patents, trademarks, innovation, labot costs, wages, firms
    JEL: D21 E22 H32 K13
    Date: 2011–05
  2. By: Teiu, Codrin-Marius
    Abstract: This article it's a descriptive incursion on the MIS(management information systems) field, with the purpose of defining this concept and making an analysis on how the need of a company for an MIS can pe satisfied using OSS(open source software). The analysis is build on a series of pros and cons, with examples on OpenErp where possible. OpenErp is an OSS for resource planning, that presents some of the MIS functionalities.
    Keywords: MIS; OSS; management information system; open source software; ERP;
    JEL: C88 L86
    Date: 2011–07–12
  3. By: Battaglia, Lauren; Larouche, Pierre; Negrinotti, Matteo
    Abstract: This paper is the first of a larger project aimed at exploring, among other things, whether Europe has a consistent innovation policy in the context of EU economic law (competition policy, intellectual property law, sector regulation). As such, its primary aim is to present our approach for answering this question and outline the anticipated contributions of the project. Part I of the paper sets forth the theoretical foundations of the project--namely an integrated approach to economic law that moves beyond apparent conflicts and assumes innovation as the starting point. Taking this as the foundation, the two primary components of the project are described. First, a theoretical component involving the development of an analytical grid to be used to identify ways in which economic law impacts innovation, and second an applied component that explores observable instances where choices, both implicit and explicit, are made regarding innovation in economic law. Part II of the paper builds on this and offers a preliminary illustration of the proposed analysis in the context of pharmaceuticals, specifically drug reformulation regulatory gaming.
    Keywords: antitrust; economic law; innovation; pharmaceuticals
    JEL: K21 L41 O31 O34 O38
    Date: 2011–07

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