nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2010‒09‒18
three papers chosen by
Roland Kirstein
Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg

  1. Intellectual Property Protection and the Licensing of Technology to Developing Countries By Sunil Kanwar
  2. General Purpose Technologies and the Industrial Revolution By Leonard Dudley
  3. The Joint Effect of Technological Distance and Market Distance on Strategic Alliances. By Muge Ozman

  1. By: Sunil Kanwar
    Abstract: In this paper, the influence of stronger intellectual property protection on technology transfer into developing countries via licensing is analyzed. Using panel data for the post-TRIPs period 1995-2005, it is found that stronger protection is associated with increased royalty and license fee payments by developing countries, implying greater technology transfer into these countries. [Working Paper No. 188].
    Keywords: intellectual property, protection, research, per capita income, population, profitability, economy, economic freedom, financial, developing countries, royalty, license, technology transfer, fee payment, TRIPs,
    Date: 2010
  2. By: Leonard Dudley
    Abstract: Did breakthroughs in core processes during the Industrial Revolution tend to generate further innovations in downstream technologies? Here a theoretical model examines the effect of a political shock on a non-innovating society in which there is high potential willingness to cooperate. The result is regional specialization in the innovation process by degree of cooperation. tests with a zero-inflated Poisson specification indicate that 116 important innovations between 1700 and 1849 may be grouped into three categories: (1) General Purpose Technologies (GPTs) tended to be generated in large states with standardized languages following transition to pluralistic political systems; (2) GPTs in turn generated spillovers for their regions in technologies where cooperation was necessary to integrate distinct fields of expertise; (3) however, GPTs discouraged downstream innovation in their regions where such direct cooperation was not required.
    Keywords: General Purpose Technologies, Industrial Revolution, innovation, cooperation, spillovers Length 38 pages
    JEL: O3 N6
    Date: 2010–04
  3. By: Muge Ozman
    Abstract: The literature on strategic alliances has deepened our understanding of the mechanisms behind their formation. This literature has given a central role to complementarities between firms, whereby complementarities are usually measured by technological overlap. An established result tells us that, there is an inverted-u relationship between technological distance and learning by firms. In this paper, we argue that technological distance is only one aspect of complementarities. Equally important is the market distance, which we define as the extent to which the value generated by the alliance depends on the synergies between firms’ products. These synergies may occur because of the complementarities between products, or the possibilities to apply similar knowledge fields in different product domains. Through an agent based simulation study, we show that when firms consider both distances jointly, an alliance strategy which favours being close in at least one dimension yields the highest payoff, rather than being at the intermediate distance in both dimensions.
    Date: 2010

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