nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2010‒07‒24
four papers chosen by
Roland Kirstein
Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg

  1. The quality factor in patent systems By Bruno van Pottelsberghe
  2. Intellectual Property Protection and the Licensing of Technology to Developing Countries By Sunil Kanwar
  3. Innovation and international technology transfer: The case of the Chinese photovoltaic industry By Arnaud De La Tour; Matthieu Glachant; Yann Ménière
  4. Analyse prospective de la rémunération des auteurs, artistes-interprètes et producteurs à l’ère de la numérisation By de Tissot, Olivier; Wagner-Edelman, Francine

  1. By: Bruno van Pottelsberghe
    Abstract: In this paper, Bruegel senior Fellow Bruno van Pottelsberghe develops a methodology to compare the quality of examination services in different patent offices. Quality is defined as the extent to which patent offices comply with their patentability conditions in a transparent way. The methodology consists of a two-layer analytical framework encompassing 'legal standards' and their 'operational design', which includes several interdependent componentsthat affect the stringency and transparency of the filtering process.
    Date: 2010–07
  2. By: Sunil Kanwar (Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi, India)
    Abstract: In this paper we study the influence of stronger intellectual property protection on technology transfer into developing countries via licensing. Using panel data for the post-TRIPs period 1995-2005, we find that stronger protection is associated with increased royalty and license fee payments by developing countries, implying greater technology transfer into these countries. This result is robust to the inclusion of country fixed effects, as well as alternative specifications of the model estimated. The strong overall statistical significance of the protection variable is found to be driven by the sub-index of coverage, which makes eminent sense in view of the substantial increase in the coverage of patentable subject matter by developing countries post- TRIPs. Other factors of importance are scale variables such as per capita income and population, as well as human capital and trade openness of the technology-importing countries. The economic significance of the protection variable also appears to be substantial, with changes in this variable accounting for technology inflows of about US $3.4 billion to US $5.5 billion (base year 2000) in the post-TRIPs sample period. These magnitudes comprise 3.5% to 5.7% of the total value of royalty and license fees over 1995-2005 (at 2000 prices). Overall, our results are noteworthy.
    Keywords: intellectual property protection, licensing technology
    JEL: O34 O31
    Date: 2010–07
  3. By: Arnaud De La Tour (CERNA - Centre d'économie industrielle - Mines ParisTech); Matthieu Glachant (CERNA - Centre d'économie industrielle - Mines ParisTech); Yann Ménière (CERNA - Centre d'économie industrielle - Mines ParisTech)
    Abstract: China is the largest solar photovoltaic cell producer in the world, with more than one third of worldwide production in 2008, exporting more than 95 percent of what it produces. The purpose of this paper is to understand the drivers of this success and its limits, with a particular emphasis on the role of technology transfers and innovation. Our analysis combines a review of international patent data at a detailed technology level with field interviews of ten Chinese PV companies. We show that Chinese producers have acquired the technologies and skills necessary to produce PV products through two main channels: the purchasing of manufacturing equipment in a competitive international market and the recruitment of skilled executives from the Chinese diaspora who built pioneer PV firms. The success of these firms in their market is, however, not reflected in their performance in terms of innovation. Rather, patent data rather highlight a policy-driven effort to catch up in critical technological areas.
    Keywords: Solar photovoltaic energy; technology diffusion; technology transfer; China
    Date: 2010
  4. By: de Tissot, Olivier (ESSEC Business School); Wagner-Edelman, Francine (Barreau de Paris)
    Abstract: The authors analyse the present and coming financial consequences of the revolution caused by the new communication media (TV broadcast, DVD, internet…) towards the diffusion of literary and artistic works protected by intellectual property laws to an increasingly larger public. They successively describe the ongoing extension of the sense of protected works, the concomitant increase of incomes of property rights and the problems raised by the protection of these rights against piracy (Hadopi law), and finally the management perspectives of these rights by means of new legal licences controlled by companies in charge of collecting and distributing royalties (Sociétés de Perception et de Répartition des Droits - SPRD).
    Keywords: Companies in Charge of Collecting and Distributing Royalties; Hadopi Laws; Intellectual Property; Legal Licences; Piracy; Protected Works
    JEL: K00
    Date: 2010–01

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