nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2010‒07‒03
five papers chosen by
Roland Kirstein
Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg

  1. Analysis of Internet Patenting Strategies of E-commerce Firms By Biju Paul Abraham
  2. Intellectual Property Rights: Who Needs Them? By Garima Gupta; Avih Rastogi
  3. Open source GIS based strategies for firms: a spatial analysis application to the inland terminal of Livorno By Filippo Randelli
  4. Innovation, Competition and Incentives for R&D By Martin Woerter; Christian Rammer; Spyros Arvanitis
  5. Quel management des droits de propriété dans les business models ouverts ? By Valérie Chanal; Cécile Ayerbe

  1. By: Biju Paul Abraham
    Abstract: Patents and patent applications are important indicators of innovative activity in industrial R & D, especially in areas such as Information Technology (IT), where technology growth is rapid. Within the IT sector this is especially true of patents for Internet-related technologies where patenting is often the only way by which entry-barriers can be erected against competitors. This paper presents the analysis of Internet-related patent applications that have been filed under the Paris Cooperation Treaty (PCT) of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) by fourteen major international firms.[Working Paper No. 532]
    Keywords: Patents, Information Technology, Internet-related technologies, Paris Cooperation Treaty (PCT), World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), international firms
    Date: 2010
  2. By: Garima Gupta; Avih Rastogi
    Abstract: The twenty-first century will be the century of knowledge, indeed the century of the intellect. A nation’s ability to translate knowledge into wealth and social good through innovations will determine its future. Thus innovations hold the key to the creation as well as processing of knowledge. Consequently issues of generation, evaluation, protection and exploitation of intellectual property would become critically important all over the world. Their analysis of intellectual property rights (IPRs) is presented in two sections: in the first they deal with the concept of intellectual property rights and the rationale behind them. In the second section, focus is on the intellectual property rights in the Indian context.[Working Paper No. 0040]
    Keywords: knowledge, wealth, social good, innovations,generation, evaluation, protection, exploitation
    Date: 2010
  3. By: Filippo Randelli (Diparimento di Scienze Economiche, Università degli Studi di Firenze)
    Abstract: The paper explores the use of open source geographic information system (GIS) applied to firms. Most data available in a company have a spatial dimension and even decisions in marketing and management often have a spatial dimension. The paper is focus on illustrating the variegated opportunities for an open source GIS based strategy for firms. We argue that open source GIS are today as good as its proprietary competitors, and under certain circumstances, they are a superior alternative to their proprietary counterparts. A GIS based strategy for firms, as any other new application of geographical knowledge, it is a prospect of a new area for geography studies. This paper can be considered an initial essay on the role that geographers can play in spatial analysis applied to business strategy. The application is an example of applied geography supporting firm strategies and it has the purpose to identify spatial customer potentials for a specific infrastructure, the inland terminal of Guasticce (Italy).
    Keywords: spatial analysis, open source, Geographic Information System (GIS), geography, inland port
    JEL: R00 R40
    Date: 2010
  4. By: Martin Woerter (KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland); Christian Rammer (Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), Department of Industrial Economics and International Management, Mannheim); Spyros Arvanitis (KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland)
    Abstract: This paper analyses the relationship between past innovation output, competition, and future innovation input in a dynamic econometric setting. We distinguish two dimensions of competition that correspond to the concepts of product substitutability and entry barriers due to fixed costs. Based on firm-level panel data for Germany and Switzerland we obtain consistent results for both countries. Innovation output in t-1 as measured by the sales share of innovative products is positively related to the degree of product obsolescence in t, and negatively to the degree of substitutability in t in both countries. Further, we find that rapid product obsolescence provides positive incentives for higher – primarily product-oriented – R&D investments in t+1, while high substitutability exerts negative incentives for future R&D investment.
    Keywords: Innovation, R&D, Competition
    JEL: O3
    Date: 2010–06
  5. By: Valérie Chanal (PACTE - Politiques publiques, ACtion politique, TErritoires - CNRS : UMR5194 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II - Institut d'Études Politiques de Grenoble - Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble I); Cécile Ayerbe (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - CNRS : UMR6227 - Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis)
    Abstract: L'utilisation stratégique des droits de propriété intellectuelle (DPI) est au cœur de la théorie de l'open innovation et des business models ouverts (BMO) développée par les travaux de Chesbrough. Pourtant, ces travaux de Chesbrough laissent un certain nombre d'interrogations en suspens. Ainsi, le propos de cet article est d'identifier et de discuter les questions-clé relatives au management des DPI dans les BMO, afin de proposer un cadre problématique pour de futures recherches sur le rôle de la PI dans l'innovation ouverte. Une première partie présente les apports de l'Open Innovation quant à l'instauration de BMO fondés sur des échanges de DPI. La seconde partie s'appuiera sur de récents travaux qui ont étudié la question des DPI dans le cadre de l'Open Innovation et qui ont conduit à faire émerger de nouvelles interrogations qui seront discutées. Par exemple, la question du degré d'ouverture, de l'existence d'un marché des technologies, de la nature même des technologies échangées, ou encore de la complémentarité entre la gestion des DPI et des autres actifs de la firme sont autant d'éléments essentiels à analyser plus avant pour saisir les enjeux du management des DPI dans les BMO.
    Keywords: open innovation, propriété intellectuelle, business model
    Date: 2010–03

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