nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2010‒01‒30
five papers chosen by
Roland Kirstein
Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg

  1. Intellectual Property Protection and Patterns of Trade By Jade Vichyanond
  2. Intellectual Property Rights- Talking Points for RP-US FTA Negotiations By Delia S. Tantuico; Errol Wilfred Zshornack
  3. Not invented here: Technology licensing, knowledge transfer and innovation based on public research By Guido Buenstorf; Matthias Geissler
  4. Knowledge Flow in East Asia and Beyond By Albert Guangzhou Hu
  5. Evaluating the Productivity of Researchers and their Communities: The RP-Index and the CP-Index By Jorn Altmann; Alireza Abbasi; Junseok Hwang

  1. By: Jade Vichyanond (Princeton University)
    Abstract: The paper provides a simple theoretical model for understanding how the difference in the level of intellectual property rights protection determines trade patterns. In particular, I examine how countries ?levels of patent rights protection affect exports in industries with different degrees of reliance on innovation. In contrast to most models of institutional comparative advantage, which predict that countries with superior institutions specialize in industries that are very dependent on institutions, I show that higher patent rights protection does not necessarily lead to specialization in industries that rely heavily on innovation. There may exist a threshold beyond which occurs a reversal of specialization patterns, a consequence of monopoly power inherent in intellectual property rights protection. I then use the model?s implications to assess empirically whether such predicted patterns hold in cross-country trade data and fi?nd evidence for general patterns of specialization as well as a reversal of such patterns among countries with high levels of patent rights protection.
    Keywords: intellectual property rights, trade patterns, patent rights
    JEL: L10 L12 K39 H32
    Date: 2009–11
  2. By: Delia S. Tantuico; Errol Wilfred Zshornack (Philippine Institute for Development Studies)
    Abstract: Intellectual property rights – copyrights, trademarks, patents, trade secrets, and related rights –have become increasingly important with the advent of increased international trade, global and knowledge-based economy and fast developing technology. A strong intellectual property rights regime is necessary in order to attract foreign trade and direct investments. For this reason, the protection of intellectual property rights has become an important negotiating item in all FTAs which the United States has entered into. In view of the proposed RP-US FTA negotiations, this paper seeks to determine whether the existing intellectual property regime in the Philippines provides adequate and sufficient legal protection of intellectual property rights. It also seeks to determine whether the administrative and judicial processes are adequate and speedy and acceptable in the enforcement and protection of said rights in the light of FTAs already entered into by the United States with other countries, in general, and with Singapore, in particular, which will be the benchmark for the RP-US FTA. Other relevant issues in the protection of intellectual property rights such as the annual review of ountries by the United States Trade Representative in relation to Special 301 of the U.S. Trade Law; piracy of optical media, including books and pharmaceuticals; and the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) are also discussed. The author proposes certain provisions to be added to the Intellectual Property Code; sustained, consistent and stricter implementation of intellectual property laws including more efforts at curbing piracy; and more importantly, a strong political will and a strong determination to strengthen intellectual property rights, as necessary to make the IPR regime up to par with U.S. and international
    Keywords: TRIPS, Intellectual Property Rights, Dispute Settlement, WTO, FTA, Market Access, Optical Media Act, E-commerce Law, Legal Protection, Investments, Capability Building
    JEL: O34 F13 F53
    Date: 2010–01
  3. By: Guido Buenstorf; Matthias Geissler
    Abstract: Using a new dataset encompassing more than 2,200 inventions made by Max Planck Society researchers from 1980 to 2004, we explore how licensee and technology characteristics affect the licensing and commercialization of technologies from public research. We find no evidence that spin-offs and external licensees systematically differ in their likelihood of successful commercialization. Technologies licensed to foreign firms are less often commercialized, which may reflect selection effects. Patented technologies and inventions by senior scientists are more likely to be licensed, but patent protection is related to lower commercialization odds and lower royalty payments.
    Keywords: Licensing, public research, cognitive distance, entrepreneurship, Max Planck Society Length 24 pages
    JEL: L26 O32 O34
    Date: 2009–12
  4. By: Albert Guangzhou Hu (Singapore Centre for Applied and Policy Economics)
    Abstract: East Asia is emerging as a hub of technological innovation. This paper investigates the extent to which East Asia has become a source of international knowledge diffusion and whether such diffusion is localized to the region. Using citations made by U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) granted patents to other USPTO patents as an indicator of knowledge flow and estimating a model of international knowledge diffusion, I find strong evidence corroborating the hypothesis of increasing regionalization of knowledge flow in East Asia. Korea and Taiwan, the region's leading innovators, cite each other at least as frequently as they cite the US and Japan. Such knowledge flow has substantially intensified since the mid 1990s. With the exception of Thailand, all of the East Asian economies that I examine, Hong Kong, Singapore, China, and Malaysia, cite Korea and Taiwan at least as frequently as they cite the US and Japan. The "G5" group, which includes Britain, Canada, France, Germany and Italy, has been the least often cited source of knowledge for East Asia.
    Keywords: Knowledge, East Asia, USPTO, diffusion, Korea, Taiwan, US, economies
    JEL: L24 D83 R49
    Date: 2010–01
  5. By: Jorn Altmann; Alireza Abbasi; Junseok Hwang (TEMEP, School of Industrial and Management Engineering College of Engineering, Seoul National University)
    Abstract: While the h-Index and the g-Index (as the major indices for quantifying the academic performance of researchers) take into consideration the citation count of publications, some other important indicators of research output (i.e. the number of authors per paper, lead author, year of publication) are omitted. Those indicators have to be considered in order to evaluate the productivity of researchers comprehensively. This paper analyzes the different indicators and proposes two new indices, the RP-Index and the CP-Index. The RP-Index evaluates the productivity of a researcher and the CP-Index evaluates the productivity of a group of researchers. After showing how these new indices can be applied and how they compare to the existing ones, an assessment of the two new indices is given.
    Keywords: h-Index, g-Index, research productivity evaluation, performance evaluation of researchers and groups, citation indices, metrics, empirical data analysis, knowledge creation, and knowledge transfer
    JEL: C43 D80 D83 D85 L25 M12 M21
    Date: 2010–01

This nep-ipr issue is ©2010 by Roland Kirstein. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.