nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2009‒12‒11
five papers chosen by
Roland Kirstein
Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg

  1. Has India Become More Innovative Since 1991? Analysis of the Evidence and Some Disquieting Features By Sunil Mani
  2. Statistical Trends in Pharmaceutical Research for Poor Countries By Jean O Lanjouw
  3. The importance of R&D subsidies and technological infrastructure for regional innovation performance - A conditional efficiency approach By Tom Broekel; Charlotte Schlump
  4. Measuring International Technology Spillovers and Progress Towards the European Research Area By Siedschlag, Iulia
  5. Peer assessment of research: how many publications per staff? By Jim Taylor; Ian Walker

  1. By: Sunil Mani
    Abstract: There is a strong feeling among especially the West that India is becoming very innovative. The study will take the reader through the empirical evidence on whether this is indeed the case since the reform process of 1991. The actual innovative performance of India’s economy since economic liberalization by employing a variety of these indicators is measured. [WP No. 415].
    Keywords: India, economic liberalization, reform, innovative, innovation, R&D, patents, technology balance of payment, high-tech industry, financing of innovation, technical education
    Date: 2009
  2. By: Jean O Lanjouw
    Abstract: Introducing patent rights in developing country markets might stimulate greater R and D investment targeting their specific health needs – areas long neglected. This paper examines this argument using statistical data and survey evidence. We identify a set of diseases where 99 per cent of the burden is estimated to fall in lower income countries. Because science gaps and market potential will influence R and D priorities, this group is broke into a subset that already have low-cost and effect treatments, and those that to not.
    Keywords: R and D, investment, health, statistical data, survey, diseases, burden, lower income countries, science, market potential, low cost, treatments, Pharmaceutical Research, poor countries, innovative, India, R&D, developing drugs, drugs
    Date: 2009
  3. By: Tom Broekel; Charlotte Schlump
    Abstract: The importance of R&D subsidies for innovation activities is highlighted by numerous firm-level studies. These approaches miss however the systematic regional character of innovation activities and potential firm-spanning effects of this policy measure. The literature on regional innovation performance has widely neglected R&D subsidies so far. This paper analyzes the importance of R&D subsidies as well as the relevance of a publicly funded technological infrastructure for the innovation efficiency of German regions. Using conditional nonparametric frontier techniques we find positive effects of R&D subsidies and somewhat smaller ones for the technological infrastructure, which however vary between industries.
    Keywords: innovation policy, regional innovation efficiency, technological infrastructure, stepwise conditional efficiency analysis
    JEL: O18 O38 R58 R12
    Date: 2009–11
  4. By: Siedschlag, Iulia
    Abstract: The objective of this paper is to contribute to the development of an evidence-based system to monitor progress towards the European Research Area (ERA) and a knowledge-based economy. We start with an overview of existing theory and empirical evidence on the role of international technology spillovers on economic growth. Further, we discuss the transmission channels of international technology spillovers and barriers to international technology diffusion. Next we turn to measuring specialisation in knowledge-based sectors and geographical concentration patterns of these sectors. The remainder of this paper proposes three sets of indicators to monitor progress towards the ERA and a knowledge-based economy in relation to international technology diffusion.
    Keywords: Absorptive capacity/European Research Area/International technology spillovers/Knowledge-intensive economy/growth
    JEL: F23 F42 F43 O33 O47
    Date: 2009–11
  5. By: Jim Taylor; Ian Walker
    Abstract: The UK's higher education funding councils have proposed reducing the number of submitted outputs from four to three in the forthcoming Research Excellence Framework to reduce the burden on panel members. This reduction is considered to be sufficient for panels to form a robust view of the achievements of individuals and their departments. The key issue is whether the subject panels would have sufficient information to judge the quality of research at departmental level with details of only three outputs per staff. Two journal quality indicators are used in this note to test the assumption that three publications is likely to be as useful to the panels as four to measure research quality in three cognate units of assessment (business & management, economics & econometrics and accounting & finance). In fact, the results indicate that two publications would be sufficient, thereby providing more time for a careful assessment of submitted outputs.
    Keywords: RAE Research quality Journal quality index University ranking REF
    Date: 2009

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