nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2008‒12‒07
seven papers chosen by
Roland Kirstein
Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg

  1. The governance of University knowledge transfer By Aldo Geuna; Alessandro Muscio
  2. What hampers innovation? Evidence from the UK CIS4 By Pablo D'Este; Simona Iammarino; Maria Savona; Nick von Tunzelmann
  3. Collaboration networks as carriers of knowledge spillovers: Evidence from EU27 regions By Jarno Hoekman; Koen Frenken; Frank van Oort
  4. The Impact of Firm’s R&D Strategy on Profit and Productivity By Johansson, Börje; Lööf, Hans
  5. Innovative Work Behaviour: Measurement and Validation By Jeroen de Jong; Deanne Den Hartog
  6. Learning and sharing in a Chinese high-technology cluster: A study of inter-firm and intra-firm knowledge flows between R&D employees By Matias Ramirez; Xibao Li
  7. Why Do Researchers Collaborate with Industry? An analysis of the wine sector in Chile, South Africa and Italy By Elisa Giuliani; Andrea Morrison; Carlo Pietrobelli; Roberta Rabellotti

  1. By: Aldo Geuna (SPRU, University of Sussex & Department of Economics S. Cognetti de Martiis, University of Turin); Alessandro Muscio (GRIF, Università Luiss Guido Carli)
    Keywords: European Universities, Knowledge Transfer, Governance, Intellectual Property, Knowledge Transfer Organization
    JEL: I23 O3
    Date: 2008–01–09
  2. By: Pablo D'Este (SPRU, University of Sussex & School of Management, Cranfield University); Simona Iammarino (SPRU, University of Sussex); Maria Savona (SPRU, University of Sussex & Faculty of Economics & Social Sciences,University of Science & Technology Lille); Nick von Tunzelmann (SPRU, University of Sussex)
    Keywords: barriers to innovation, innovative firms, non-innovators
    JEL: O31 O32 O33
    Date: 2008–01–02
  3. By: Jarno Hoekman (Urban & Regional research centre Utrecht (URU), Utrecht University - The Netherlands); Koen Frenken (Urban & Regional research centre Utrecht (URU), Utrecht University - The Netherlands); Frank van Oort (Netherlands Institute for Spatial Research (RPB)- The Netherlands)
    Abstract: The geography of innovation traditionally concentrates on localised knowledge spillovers, yet neglects collaboration networks as a means to access knowledge outside the region. Using publication and patent data for 1316 regions in the EU27 plus Norway and Switzerland, we find that both localised knowledge spillovers and the knowledge spillovers stemming from collaboration affect the innovative performance of regions. The results provide support for EU policies aimed at creating European collaboration networks.
    Keywords: Knowledge Production Function, Spillovers, Collaboration, Networks, European Research Area, Publication, Patent, Public Good
    JEL: C21 O30 O33 O52 R11
    Date: 2008–09
  4. By: Johansson, Börje (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology); Lööf, Hans (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)
    Abstract: This paper investigates how a firm’s R&D strategy influences the firm performance as measured by productivity and profitability. A formal production model is introduced to define and interpret alternative ways of measuring the impact of R&D. Studying 1,767 randomly selected firms from the Swedish manufacturing sector, the main findings are: (i) firms which apply persistent R&D perform better than firms with occasional as well as no R&D, (ii) occasional R&D is associated with lower performance than no R&D, and (iii) in quantile regressions the positive effect from R&D persistency is lacking for low productivity firms (lowest quartile) indicating a non-linear response. Moreover, the analysis recognises the different roles of ordinary and knowledge labour in production when specifying alternative performance measures and when identifying knowledge labour as a firm’s R&D capacity, which has a highly significant impact on firm performance. Introducing a formal production model in order to define and interpret alternative ways of measuring the impact of R&D, we apply simple ordinary OLS and quantile regressions on the economic model for analyzing the importance for a particular R&D strategy on firms’ productivity and profitability. To the best of our knowledge, we believe that the main findings of the analysis make contributions to the R&D literature.
    Keywords: R&D; productivity; profit; innovation; production analysis
    JEL: L19 O33
    Date: 2008–12–03
  5. By: Jeroen de Jong; Deanne Den Hartog
    Abstract: Although both scientists and practitioners emphasize the importance of innovative work behavior (IWB) of individual employees for organizational success, the measurement of employees' IWB is still in evolution. Here, we present two multi-source studies that aimed to develop and validate a measure of IWB. Four related dimensions of IWB are distinguished: opportunity exploration, idea generation, championing and application. We derived a tenitem measure of these IWB dimensions from a pilot survey among matched dyads of 81 professionals in a research institute and their supervisors. Next, a survey among a matching sample of 703 knowledge workers and their supervisors from 94 different firms was done. We used confirmatory factor analyses to examine convergent and discriminant validity, and hierarchical multilevel regression to test hypothesized relationships of IWB with participative leadership, external work contacts and innovative output (proposed as an initial nomological network). Results demonstrate strong convergent validity of the IWB measure as all four dimensions contribute to an overall measure of IWB. Support for discriminant validity is weaker as correlations between some dimensions are relatively high. Finally, IWB is positively related with participative leadership, external work contacts and innovative output, providing first evidence for nomological validity.
    Date: 2008–11–25
  6. By: Matias Ramirez (SPRU, University of Sussex); Xibao Li (School of Economics & Management, Tsinghua University)
    Keywords: learning, China, knowledge work, knowledge transfer
    JEL: D83 J24
    Date: 2008–01–09
  7. By: Elisa Giuliani (Dipartimento di Economia Aziendale, Pisa University - Italy and SPRU, University of Sussex); Andrea Morrison (Department of Economic Geography, Utrecht University and CESPRI Bocconi University, Milan - Italy); Carlo Pietrobelli (CREI, Università Roma Tre, Roma - Italy); Roberta Rabellotti (Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Metodi Quantitativi, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara - Italy)
    Abstract: This paper explores the determinants of the linkages between industry and research organizations – including universities. We present new evidence on three wine producing areas – Piedmont, a region of Italy, Chile, South Africa - that have successfully reacted to the recent structural changes experienced in the industry worldwide. Based on an original dataset, we carry out an econometric exercise to study the microeconomic determinants of researchers’ collaborations with industry. The evidence reveals that individual researcher characteristics, such as embeddedness in the academic system, age and sex, matter more than their publishing record or formal degrees
    Keywords: University-Industry Linkages, Innovation System, Wine Sector, Emerging Economies
    JEL: O30 O38 O13
    Date: 2008–05

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