nep-ipr New Economics Papers
on Intellectual Property Rights
Issue of 2007‒05‒19
five papers chosen by
Roland Kirstein
Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg

  1. Pitfalls and Opportunities in Knowledge Sharing By Björn Johnson; Jens Müller; Jeffrey Orozco
  2. Welfare effects of intellectual property in North-South model of endogenous growth with comparative advantage By Saint-Paul, Gilles
  3. Workplace Organization and Innovation By Zoghi, Cindy; Mohr, Robert D.; Meyer, Peter B.
  4. Hospital Financing and the Development and Adoption of New Technologies By Marisa Miraldo
  5. Media industry facing biggest upheaval since Gutenberg. Media consumers morphing into media makers By Heng, Stefan

  1. By: Björn Johnson; Jens Müller; Jeffrey Orozco
    Abstract: A number of attempts have been made in the North to assist in the formation of independent research capacities in the South by establishing knowledge sharing through North-South research collaboration. One such attempt was initiated by Danida through its programme for Enhancement of Research Capacity (ENRECA). Aalborg University was approached by the National University of Costa Rica to make a joint research venture within the field of sustainable development. The project got a Central American (CA) regional perspective by including participants from Nicaragua and El Salvador. The project was titled Sustainable Development Strategies for Central America (SUDESCA) and aimed at support of relevant CA research activities, including the formation of adequate organizational setups that would eventually sustain forthwith. The project focused on two theoretical themes, i.e. the National Systems of Innovation and the Social Construction of Technology approaches. In this paper the CA universities are viewed as important sub-systems of the respective national systems of innovation. Thus, the following is an analysis of the institutional sustainability of the research capacity of universities perceived as parts of the national systems of innovation. To what extent did the knowledge transfer and exchange as well as the organizational capacity building efforts succeed? What were the main pitfalls and opportunities experienced? What did the Aalborg team learn about its own research capacity set-up? Our overall conclusion is that it is a mistake to assume that research capacity may be more or less directly transferred from the North to the South. Research capacity existing in the North has to be carefully adapted to the specific conditions where it may be expected to be useful.
    Keywords: Innovations systems; knowledge adaption; Central America
    JEL: O19 O32 N86
    Date: 2007
  2. By: Saint-Paul, Gilles
    Abstract: This paper develops a model for analyzing the costs and benefits of intellectual property enforcement in LDCs. The North is more productive than the South and is the only source of innovator. There are two types of goods, and each bloc has a comparative advantage in producing a specific type of good. If comparative advantage is strong enough, even under piracy there are goods that the South will not produce. Piracy will then lead to a reallocation of innovative activity in favor of these goods. That may harm consumers (including consumers in the South) to the extent that these goods have smaller dynamic learning externalities than the other goods, and that their share in consumption is small. Thus, whether or not piracy is in the interest of the South depends on how important are the goods for which it has a comparative advantage to its consumers, and what the growth potential of these goods is. While, all else equal, the North tends to lose more (or gain less) from piracy than the South, because monopoly profits eventually accrue to the North, the South may lose more than the North if there is a strong enough home bias in favor of the goods for which it has a comparative advantage.
    Keywords: Piracy, Intellectual property, innovation, growth, comparative advantage
    JEL: F12 F13 O30 O34
    Date: 2007
  3. By: Zoghi, Cindy (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics); Mohr, Robert D. (University of New Hampshire); Meyer, Peter B. (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
    Abstract: This study uses data on Canadian establishments to test whether particular organizational structures are correlated with the likelihood of adopting process and product innovations, controlling for the endogeneity of the predictors. We find that establishments with decentralized decision-making, information-sharing programs, or incentive pay plans are significantly more likely to innovate than other establishments. Larger establishments and those with a high vacancy rate are also more likely to innovate. These findings are consistent with a model in which workers hold information about production inefficiencies or consumer demands that can lead to productive innovations and that workplace organization attributes facilitate the communication and implementation of those ideas.
    Keywords: Innovation, Decision-Making, Information-Sharing
    JEL: D23 D81 O32
  4. By: Marisa Miraldo (Centre for Health Economics, University of York)
    Abstract: We study the influence of different reimbursement systems, namely Prospective Payment System, Cost Based Reimbursement System and Mixed Reimbursement System on the development and adoption of different technologies with an endogenous supply of these technologies. We focus our analysis on technology development and adoption under two models: private R&D and R&D within the hospital. One of the major findings is that the optimal reimbursement system is a pure Prospective Payment System or a Mixed Reimbursement System depending on the market structure.
    Keywords: Prospective Payment System; Cost Based Reimbursement; R&D
    JEL: I11 O33
    Date: 2007–04
  5. By: Heng, Stefan
    Abstract: The advance of innovative information and communication technologies has triggered a fundamental upheaval in the media industry. The technology is reforming the conventional media model. The media mix will become more varied; interactive and personalised offers are taking root and finding their ideal milieu on the web. Newspapers, radio stations and TV broadcasters will have to reposition themselves if they want to remain attractive in the media industry with the arrival of the Web 2.0. This will include seeking new distribution channels and considering e.g. pay-per-view programming and innovative forms of advertising.
    Keywords: Information and communications technology; ICT; TV; Radio; Newspaper; media portal; Internet; Web 2.0; broadband; convergence; triple play
    JEL: O33 O34 O14 L82 L86 K23 L88 H41
    Date: 2006–10–16

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