nep-ino New Economics Papers
on Innovation
Issue of 2022‒05‒30
five papers chosen by
Uwe Cantner
University of Jena

  1. Quantifying knowledge spillovers from advances in negative emissions technologies By Giorgio Tripodi; Francesco Lamperti; Roberto Mavilia; Andrea Mina; Francesca Chiaromonte; Fabrizio Lillo
  2. Forever Niche: Why do organic vegetable varieties not diffuse? By Rohe, Sebastian; Oltmer, Marie; Wolter, Hendrik; Gmeiner, Nina; Tschersich , Julia
  3. Stimulating innovation and creating new markets – The potential of circular public procurement By Joel Ntsonde; Franck Aggeri
  4. Leadership and governance challenges in delivering place-based transformation through smart specialisation: Insights and policy implications from a metropolitan innovation leader region By Fil Kristensen, Iryna; Pugh, Rhiannon; Grillitsch, Markus
  5. Facing technological change: addressing competence shift in a routines and identity perspective By Lisa Balzarin; Francesco Zirpoli

  1. By: Giorgio Tripodi; Francesco Lamperti; Roberto Mavilia; Andrea Mina; Francesca Chiaromonte; Fabrizio Lillo
    Abstract: Negative emissions technologies (NETs) feature prominently in most scenarios that halt climate change and deliver on the Paris Agreement's temperature goal. As of today, however, their maturity and desirability are highly debated. Since the social value of new technologies depends on how novel knowledge fuels practical solutions, we take an innovation network perspective to quantify the multidimensional nature of knowledge spillovers generated by twenty years of research in NETs. In particular, we evaluate the likelihood that scientific advances across eight NET domains stimulate (i) further production of knowledge, (ii) technological innovation, and (iii) policy discussion. Taking as counterfactual scientific advances not related to NETs, we show that NETs-related research generates overall significant, positive knowledge spillovers within science and from science to technology and policy. At the same time, stark differences exist across carbon removal solutions. For example, the ability to turn scientific advances in NETs into technological developments is a nearly exclusively feature of Direct Air Capture (DAC), while Bio-energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) lags behind. Conversely, BECCS and Blue Carbon (BC) have gained relative momentum in the policy and public debate, vis-Ã -vis limited spillovers from advances in DAC to policy. Moreover, both scientific advances and collaborations cluster geographically by type of NET, which might affect large-scale diffusion. Finally, our results suggest the existence of coordination gaps between NET-related science, technology, and policy.
    Keywords: Climate change mitigation; Negative emissions technologies; Carbon dioxide removal; Innovation; Knowledge spillovers; Data mining; Networks.
    Date: 2022–05–27
  2. By: Rohe, Sebastian (Universitf of Oldenburg); Oltmer, Marie (University of Oldenburg); Wolter, Hendrik (University of Oldenburg); Gmeiner, Nina (University of Oldenburg); Tschersich , Julia (Utrecht University)
    Abstract: While organic food has increased its market share in conventional food retail, virtually all organic vegetables are still conventionally bred. For decades, organically bred vegetable varieties remained a market niche, despite their socio-ecological benefits. This paper conceptualizes actors and activities around organic breeding as a Technological Innovation System (TIS) and analyzes what prevents these varieties from widely diffusing into conventional supermarkets. The investigated barriers relate to knowledge, market formation, investments, and legitimacy. The study is based on interviews with breeding initiatives and food retailers in Germany. Theoretically, the paper adds an innovation systems-perspective on the diffusion of organic varieties, a blind spot in the emerging debate so far. Furthermore, it contributes to the literature on sustainability transitions by introducing a novel empirical topic to the debate and reframing the TIS framework to analyzing fresh produce. Identifying existing barriers provides suggestions for practitioners seeking to successfully diffuse organic vegetable varieties.
    Keywords: agri-food transitions; Commons; organic breeding; diffusion; technological innovation systems; food retail
    JEL: O30 O31 O33 Q13
    Date: 2022–05–18
  3. By: Joel Ntsonde (EPF-Ecole d’Ingénieurs Sceaux, CGS i3 - Centre de Gestion Scientifique i3 - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Franck Aggeri (CGS i3 - Centre de Gestion Scientifique i3 - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: Public procurement has been studied by numerous researchers and is considered to be an effective instrument for leading public and private actors to implement more sustainable practices. For researchers, public procurement can be leveraged to develop innovative practices oriented towards sustainability and create new markets for eco-friendly products. However, there is still a paucity of empirical evidence on the mechanisms by which public procurement can effectively stimulate sustainable innovation and foster the development of greener markets in relation to circular economy. To shed light on the emerging issue of circular public procurement, we use a qualitative method relying on an empirical case relating to a public tender in Denmark. Our research shows that public procurement can be studied as a design activity and clarifies the mechanisms by which public procurement can stimulate sustainable innovation in organizations, creating opportunities for collective innovative practices. Furthermore, we shed light on the process through which circular public procurement can create green markets, defining the qualities of the goods to be exchanged.
    Date: 2021–07
  4. By: Fil Kristensen, Iryna (HEC Montreal); Pugh, Rhiannon (CIRCLE, Lund University); Grillitsch, Markus (CIRCLE, Lund University)
    Abstract: t.b.d.
    Keywords: smart specialisation; change agency; regional development
    JEL: R58
    Date: 2022–05–13
  5. By: Lisa Balzarin (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice); Francesco Zirpoli (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice)
    Abstract: The profound transition that the automotive industry is facing affects all the actors that operate in it, from carmakers to suppliers. The research explores the case of two plants of a multinational company that operates in the automotive supply chain. These two plants are specialized in the internal combustion powertrain. However, after the headquarters decision to turn exclusively to electric solutions, the plants have embarked in a journey of technological change that requires a massive competence conversion. The paper investigates the organizational effects provoked by a technological change that significantly affects the competence base of an organization. Assuming a dual lens through which investigating such a change, the paper discusses the impacts that the introduction of a new technology has on the organizational identity and routines.
    Keywords: technological change, competence change, organizational identity, organizational routines, automotive industry
    JEL: M10 L20 L62 L91
    Date: 2022–05

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