nep-ino New Economics Papers
on Innovation
Issue of 2016‒10‒16
24 papers chosen by
Uwe Cantner
University of Jena

  1. Global Value Chains Mapping: Methodology and Cases for Policy Makers. Thematic Work on Value Chain Mapping in the Context of Smart Specialisation By Emanuela Todeva; Ruslan Rakhmatullin
  2. Intellectual Property Rights Protection, Ownership, and Innovation: Evidence from China By Lily Fang; Josh Lerner; Chaopeng Wu
  3. A comparative study on the law of remedy system for patent infringement in US and Korea By Jae-Sik Choi
  5. RIO Country Report 2015: Iceland By Hulda Herjofsdottir Skogland
  6. Revisiting the optimal patent policy tradeoff for environmental technologies By Clément Bonnet
  7. RIO Country Report Mexico 2015 By Amaia Bernaras Iturrioz
  8. Mapping the position of cities in corporate research and development through a gravity model-based bidimensional regression analysis By Tóth, Géza; Csomós, György
  9. RIO Country Report 2015 Switzerland By Benedetto Lepori; Ivan Ureta; Siegfried Alberton
  10. Transitional Dynamics in an R&D-based Growth Model with Natural Resources By Thanh Le; Cuong Le Van
  11. Entrepreneurial spawning: Experience, education, and exit By Cumming, Douglas; Walz, Uwe; Werth, Jochen Christian
  12. Innovative processes in managing the production enterprise By Robert Sałek; Tomasz Szczepanik; Małgorzata Šęgowik-Małolepsza; Jarosław Jasiński
  13. Entrepreneurial Leadership: A Theoretical Research By Yusuf ESMER; Faruk DAYI
  14. Network structures as a factor stimulating innovative changes in enterprises By Nicoletta Baskiewicz; Małgorzata Šęgowik-Małolepsza; Michał Dziadkiewicz; Aneta Pachura
  15. Industrial diversification in Europe: The differentiated role of relatedness By Jing Xiao; Ron Boschma; Martin Andersson
  16. Le Bitcoin : évaluation d’une innovation monétaire By Louis Larue
  17. Non-scale endogenous growth with R&D and human capital By Creina Day
  18. High-speed rail in China By Yatang Lin; Yu Qin; Zhuan Xie
  19. Case Studies in Open Science of South Korea By Sung-Uk Park
  20. Considering Responsible Research and Innovation in Science Education Teaching Approaches at Primary Level By ANGHEL Gabriela Alina; GORGHIU Gabriel
  21. Management transport at using innovative forwarding tools. By Katarzyna Sukiennik; Tomasz Szczepanik; Robert Sałek; Wioletta Skibińska
  22. Human capital in social and commercial entrepreneurship By Saul Estrin; Tomasz Mickiewicz; Ute Stephan
  23. China’s 13th Five-Year Plan. In Pursuit of a “Moderately Prosperous Society” By Michel Aglietta; Guo Bai
  24. How high-tech entrepreneurs bricole the evolution of business process management for their activities By Severine Le Loarne; Adnane Maalaoui

  1. By: Emanuela Todeva (BCNED - Business Clusters, Networks and Economic Development); Ruslan Rakhmatullin (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: This paper is a paper in a series of work on Global Value Chains (GVCs), developed under the auspices of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission. It builds upon the theoretical discussion presented in the first two papers and offers a new methodological approach for mapping GVCs, using a bespoke dataset of the most innovative biopharma MNEs. The paper takes the example of the global biopharma value chain and describes the step-by-step procedure for mapping interconnected capabilities at a global scale, the concentration of biopharma capabilities in Europe, and two cases of regional and national specialisation in this sector. The proposed methodological approach contains two distinctive methodologies – for top-down global value chain mapping of an established industry sector (such as biopharma), and for a bottom-up mapping of capabilities within the GVC that operate at specific locations. Both methodologies can be applied to emerging sectors and segments driven by key enabling technologies, such as photonics, advanced materials, 3D printing, or renewable energy, or any other cross-sectoral value chains. The paper includes two cases of application of this methodology at regional and national level. These are the cases of Bulgaria and the Greater South East of England in the UK. The novel methodology and methods for data collection and visualisation demonstrate the linkages across segments of the biopharmaceutical GVC and the position of firms at the cross-section of biotechnology discovery and pharmaceutical drug development and manufacturing activities, managing a complex network of outsourcing, insourcing and supply relationships, through a vast empire of subsidiaries around the world. Capturing and representing the value-chain within biopharma MNEs enables policy makers to understand the complexity of industry organisation across multiple locations around the world and the global knowledge and resource linkages that drive further growth in the sector.
    Keywords: regional policy, value chains, GVCs, case study, BioPharma, regional level, smart specialisation
    Date: 2016–10
  2. By: Lily Fang; Josh Lerner; Chaopeng Wu
    Abstract: Using a difference-in-difference approach, we study how intellectual property right (IPR) protection affects innovation in China in the years around the privatizations of state-owned enterprises (SOEs). Innovation increases after SOE privatizations, and this increase is larger in cities with strong IPR protection. Our results support theoretical arguments that IPR protection strengthens firms’ incentives to innovate and that private sector firms are more sensitive to IPR protection than SOEs.
    JEL: G24 J33 L26
    Date: 2016–09
  3. By: Jae-Sik Choi (Korea Institute of Intellectual Property)
    Abstract: The purpose of this presentation is to review the right of patentee put in a statutory form in Korea patent law compared with that of USA and Japan patent law. The focus is a regular patent protect system, especially in criminal suit regarding patent infringement. The IP (“Intellectual Property†) protection should be strengthened as much as possible, rather than impeded, if economies seek to move up the global innovation value chain. And the most effective remedy for damages of patent infringement is the criminal penalties and sanctions for IP rights infringement. That is the reason why the U.S. Chamber International IP Index includes the indicators of “Criminal standards including minimum imprisonment and minimum fines.†Therefore, comparative analysis of remedy system of US and Korea for the patent infringement is performed. In US, as you see in the statement of "Except as otherwise provided in this title, whoever without authority makes, uses, offers to sell, or sells any patented invention, within the United States, or imports into the United States any patented invention during the term of the patent therefore infringes the patent", the definition of the patent infringement is only stated comprehensively and there is no criminal punishment for patent infringement. When the damages are not found by a jury, the court shall assess them. In either event the court may increase the damages up to three times the amount found or assessed. On contrast, in the case of Korean patent infringement claims, both civil and criminal remedies are available. Patent Law enacted in 1961 for patent infringement when penalties are explicitly stipulated increasingly so criminal remedies have been strengthened. In the Patent Act of Korea, Any person who infringes a patent right or exclusive license shall be punished by imprisonment not exceeding seven years or by a fine not exceeding 100 million won. Furthermore, If a representative of a juristic person, or an agent, an employee or any other employed person of a juristic person or individual has committed an offense under Articles 225 (1), 228 or 229 with respect to the duties of the juristic person or individual, not only shall the offender be punished, but also the juristic person shall be punished by a fine under any of the individual shall be punished by a fine referred to in the relevant provisions in Korea, which is named as “Joint Penal Provisions.â€
    Keywords: comparative study, remedy system for patent infringement, criminal penalties
    JEL: K11 K14 K00
  4. By: Buzard, Kristy (Syracuse); Carlino, Gerald A. (Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia); Hunt, Robert M. (Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia); Carr, Jake (Ohio State University); Smith, Tony E. (University of Pennsylvania)
    Abstract: We employ a unique data set to examine the spatial clustering of private R&D labs. Instead of using fixed spatial boundaries, we develop a new procedure for identifying the location and size of specific R&D clusters. Thus, we are better able to identify the spatial locations of clusters at various scales, such as a half mile, 1 mile, 5 miles, and more. Assigning patents and citations to these clusters, we capture the geographic extent of knowledge spillovers within them. Our tests show that the localization of knowledge spillovers, as measured via patent citations, is strongest at small spatial scales and diminishes rapidly with distance.
    Keywords: spatial clustering; geographic concentration; R&D labs; localized knowledge spillovers; patent citations
    JEL: O31 R12
    Date: 2016–10–13
  5. By: Hulda Herjofsdottir Skogland (Evris Foundation)
    Abstract: The 2015 series of RIO Country Reports analyse and assess the policy and the national research and innovation system developments in relation to national policy priorities and the EU policy agenda with special focus on ERA and Innovation Union. The executive summaries of these reports put forward the main challenges of the research and innovation systems.
    Keywords: R&I system, R&I policy, ERA, innovation union, Semester analysis, Iceland
    JEL: I20 O30 Z18
    Date: 2016–09
  6. By: Clément Bonnet
    Abstract: The invention and the diffusion of environmental process of production and consumption goods are impeded by two market failures: the first on environment and the second on knowledge. The question arises whether the instruments aiming at correcting these market failures should be jointly designed or not. We investigate this question for a major instrument of support to innovation: the patent system. We demonstrate that a patent system and a discriminating environmental taxation that are jointly defined provide for a greater efficiency. We conclude that the two externalities interact with each other through the patent system.
    Keywords: environmental innovation, double externality, patent policy.
    JEL: D62 D83 H23
    Date: 2016
  7. By: Amaia Bernaras Iturrioz
    Abstract: The 2015 series of RIO Country Reports analyse and assess the policy and the national research and innovation system developments in relation to national policy priorities and the EU policy agenda with special focus on ERA and Innovation Union. The executive summaries of these reports put forward the main challenges of the research and innovation systems.
    Keywords: R&I system, R&I policy, ERA, innovation union, Semester analysis, Mexico
    JEL: I20 O30 Z18
    Date: 2016–09
  8. By: Tóth, Géza; Csomós, György
    Abstract: In her seminal work entitled ‘The Global City’, Saskia Sassen (1991) specified New York, London, Tokyo, Frankfurt and Paris as leading examples of global cities. Furthermore, she defined the most important characteristics of global cities (Sassen 2001: 4), one of which is that global cities are major sites of production of innovation. Since Sassen’s global city notion was first introduced, significant changes have occurred in the world economy, which can be characterised by, for example, the massive economic growth of developing countries, especially that of China, and rapid technological changes due to fast-growing industries such as nanotechnology, biotechnology and information technology (Nicolini and Nozza 2008; Dernis et al. 2015; Csomós and Tóth 2016a). As a result of these developments, global cities have been continuously losing their privileged position as major sites of production of innovation, and new competitors have emerged in developing countries, even in the home countries of the global cities.
    Keywords: gravity model, bidimensional regression, cities, economy, world
    JEL: R10 R11 R12
    Date: 2016–10
  9. By: Benedetto Lepori (Center for Organizational Research, Universita della Svizzera Italiana); Ivan Ureta (Inno3, Scuola Universitaria Professionale della Svizzera Italiana); Siegfried Alberton (Inno3, Scuola Universitaria Professionale della Svizzera Italiana)
    Abstract: The 2015 series of RIO Country Reports analyse and assess the policy and the national research and innovation system developments in relation to national policy priorities and the EU policy agenda with special focus on ERA and Innovation Union.
    Keywords: R&I system, R&I policy, ERA, Innovation Union, Semester analysis, Switzerland
    Date: 2016–09
  10. By: Thanh Le (The University of Queensland [Brisbane]); Cuong Le Van (VCREME - VanXuan Center of Research in Economics, Management and Environment - VanXuan Center of Research in Economics, Management and Environment, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, IPAG Business School)
    Abstract: Upon introducing natural resources, both renewable and non-renewable, into an endogenous growth framework with R&D, this paper derives the transitional dynamics of an economy towards its long-run equilibrium. Using the Euler - Lagrange framework, this paper has succesfully figured out the optimal paths of the economy. It then shows the existence and uniqueness of a balanced growth path for each type of resources. The steady state is shown to be of a saddle point stability. Along the balanced growth path, it is found that a finite size resource sector coexists with other continuously growing sectors. The paper then examines long-run responses of the economy to various changes pertaining to innovative production condition, resource sector parameters as well as rate of time preference. It also shows that positive long-run growth will be sustained regardless the type of resources used.
    Keywords: transitional dynamics,natural resources,vertical innovation,R&D-based growth
    Date: 2014–10
  11. By: Cumming, Douglas; Walz, Uwe; Werth, Jochen Christian
    Abstract: We investigate the career dynamics of high-tech entrepreneurs by analyzing the exit choice of entrepreneurs: to act as a business angel, to found another firm, or to become dependently employed. Our detailed data from CrunchBase indicate that founders are more likely to stick with entrepreneurship as a serial entrepreneur or as an angel investor in cases where the founder had prior experience either in founding other startups or working for a startup, or had a 'jack-of-all-trades' education.
    Keywords: venture governance,entrepreneurship,entrepreneurial spawning,angel finance,venture capital,exit
    JEL: G24 G34 L26
    Date: 2016
  12. By: Robert Sałek (Czestochowa University of Technology); Tomasz Szczepanik (Czestochowa University of Technology); Małgorzata Šęgowik-Małolepsza (Czestochowa University of Technology); Jarosław Jasiński (Czestochowa University of Technology)
    Abstract: The activities of industrial enterprises in the globalized market environment causes the connection of their strategic objectives. The use of modern technologies, organizational and economic innovations or rationalization of production by lowering costs, creates new opportunities for planned activities. Technological, process and organizational aspects of innovation are the driving force for industrial competitiveness. Innovativeness and innovation processes present in the market are an important element contributing to economic growth. The importance of innovativeness in industrial sectors, recognized as products or technologies, must also be seen in the perspective of rational management. This is an important element of business executives who need to develop industrial activities of the enterprise while stimulating and developing innovative activities in other structural areas such as: financing of new technology or technology development of storages. The article presents the theoretical aspects of innovation in terms of factors influencing innovation processes.
    Keywords: innovation processes, management, industry
    JEL: M21
  13. By: Yusuf ESMER (Sinop University Vocational School,); Faruk DAYI (Kastamonu University Tosya Vocational School)
    Abstract: In today’s business world, having just leadership qualities by business managers is not enough in order to maintain growth, development and sustainability of enterprises. In addition to this, business managers should be able to seek innovations, opportunities around them and take some risks. Managers with these qualities have both leadership and entrepreneurship characteristics. At this point, the concept of entrepreneurial leadership emerges. Entrepreneurial leadership can be defined as a leader, who is also have the skills of entrepreneurship. In other words, entrepreneurial leadership refers to the managers who can take risks, seize opportunities, pursue innovation and be innovative, producing, interchanging and strategic. In addition, entrepreneurial leadership is creating new products, new processes and expansion opportunities in existing businesses, working in social institutions and dealing with ignored social issues, participating in social and political movements, contributing to the change of current services and policies implemented by civil society organizations and governments. Entrepreneurial leaders know themselves and their environment very well and find new opportunities creating value for businesses, stakeholders and society. The main motivation of leaders is their desire to create social, environmental and economic opportunities. Today, the need for entrepreneurial leaders in businesses is increasing every passing day and the subject of entrepreneurial leadership should investigated by researchers. In this regard, in this study, the concepts of leadership and entrepreneurship are briefly defined in accordance with the earlier studies conducted in this field and the concept of entrepreneurial leadership, which has become increasingly important in the business world, is discussed and the characteristics and dimensions of entrepreneurial leadership and its importance for businesses is emphasized.
    Keywords: Leadership, Entrepreneurship, Administration, Entrepreneurial Leadership
    JEL: L26 L20 M10
  14. By: Nicoletta Baskiewicz (Politechnika Częstochowska); Małgorzata Šęgowik-Małolepsza (Politechnika Częstochowska); Michał Dziadkiewicz (Politechnika Częstochowska); Aneta Pachura (Politechnika Częstochowska)
    Abstract: Network functioning covers all kinds of formal and informal relationships between individuals and organizations. Network structure allows enterprises to reach knowledge quickly, while saving time and money which becomes the determining factor in the changes made in enterprises. In order to define a network one can assume that it includes customers, competitors, suppliers, research organizations, schools, institutions, non - profit organizations that are linked one to another and create innovation. The nature of the network lies in the innovation process, which means creating new technical and organizational solutions as well as their transfer and application in the economy. This is possible thanks to the knowledge generated in the network, which is the result of a process of interaction and cooperation between the participants in the network. The objectives of this paper are to determine the following: what forms of cooperation are taken in business practice that entrepreneurs take together in the network and to what extent this network affects its participants.
    Keywords: network structures, factors stimulating innovative changes, innowative changes
    JEL: M21
  15. By: Jing Xiao; Ron Boschma; Martin Andersson
    Abstract: There is increasing interest in the drivers of industrial diversification, and how these depend on economic and industry structures. This paper contributes to this line of inquiry by analyzing the role of relatedness in explaining variations in industry diversification, measured as the entry of new industry specializations, across 173 European regions during the period 2004-2012. There are significant differences across regions in Europe in terms of industrial diversification. Relatedness has a robust positive influence on the probability that new industry specialization develops in a region. A novel finding is that the influence of relatedness on the probability of new industrial specializations depends on innovation capacity. We find that relatedness is a more important driver of diversification in regions with a weaker innovation capacity. The effect of relatedness appears to decrease monotonically as the innovation capacity of a local economy increases. This is consistent with the argument that high innovation capacity allows an economy to ‘break from its past’ and to develop, for the economy, truly new industry specializations. We infer from this that innovation capacity is a critical factor for economic resilience.
    Keywords: industrial diversification, related diversification, evolutionary economic geography, unrelated diversification, European regions, resilience
    JEL: B52 L16 O14 O18 R11
    Date: 2016–10
  16. By: Louis Larue (UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Chaire Hoover d’éthique économique et sociale et Economic School of Louvain)
    Abstract: De nombreuses monnaies parallèles circulent depuis toujours à côté de la monnaie officielle. Aujourd’hui, une nouvelle génération de monnaie est en train de naître des nouvelles technologies : les crypto-monnaies, dont l’exemple le plus connu est le bitcoin. Ces monnaies n’existent que sous forme de code informatique, sans équivalent papier ou métallique. Bien qu’elles constituent une avancée technologique remarquable, elles soulèvent de nombreux défis tant éthiques qu’économiques, que ce numéro de Regards économiques essaie d’éclairer
    Date: 2016–09–29
  17. By: Creina Day
    Abstract: This paper examines the conditions under which increasing knowledge, encapsulated in ideas for new technology through R&D and embodied in human capital through education, sustains economic growth. We develop a general model where, consistent with recent literature, growth is non-scale (not increasing in population size) and endogenous (generated by factors within R&D and education). Recent models feature the counterfactual assumption of constant returns to existing knowledge and restrict the substitutability of inputs within R&D and education. We find that non-scale endogenous growth is possible under less stringent conditions. Our findings reconcile sustained economic growth with evidence of diminishing marginal returns in education and R&D, which suggests an ambiguous role for R&D policy.
    Date: 2016–10
  18. By: Yatang Lin; Yu Qin; Zhuan Xie
    Abstract: Encouraging innovation is a perennial policy goal - and one common approach is to promote the adoption of foreign technology. Yatang Lin and colleagues examine the impact of China's technology transfer policy, which has not only built a huge national high-speed railway system but has also made the country a global leader in the industry.
    Keywords: Innovation, Foreign Technology Transfer, Knowledge Spillover, China
    JEL: O25 O33 O38
    Date: 2016–10
  19. By: Sung-Uk Park (Korea Institute of Science & Technology Information)
    Abstract: According to European Commission, As scientific research becomes a more open endeavor, all stakeholders of the research ecosystem must redefine their role and their approach to science. Researchers will have to adapt to new possibilities to new tools and to new responsibilities. The innovation ecosystem will also change by embracing more openness and being more inclusive. Funders, academic institutions and policy makers will need to fund, inform, and legislate to accelerate the transition.Open Science practices are breaking barriers that prevent the free flow of knowledge produced by researchers. The adoption of such practices is bound to redefine the relationships between the stakeholders of research ecosystem and between researchers and society.In this paper I studied about Open Science include Open Access, Open Data and Open Collaboration. Especially I suggested the National Science & Technology Information Service(NTIS) with Open Science Case in South Korea.
    Keywords: Open Science; Open Access; Open Data; Open Collaboration; NTIS
    JEL: D80
  20. By: ANGHEL Gabriela Alina (Valahia University of Targoviste); GORGHIU Gabriel (Valahia University of Targoviste)
    Abstract: The paper targets to identify the potential of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) in the teaching-learning process specific for science education, designed to primary students (3rd and 4th forms). In this respect, a specific case study is analyzed: a unit dedicated to natural nanomaterials, having the objective of increasing the students’ awareness related to the existence and usage of such materials. During the lessons, experimental approaches were introduced with the view to emphasize the nanoparticles in natural nanomaterials, but also to establish correlations between their structure and function.The overall objective of the research was to analyze advantages and limitations of the teaching strategy which tried to consider RRI dimensions in science lessons. Specific research objectives are oriented on: analysis of the efficacy of the teaching methods used in the classroom - mostly of the 6E Model: Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, Exchange, Evaluate (OS1), and analysis of the way in which RRI becomes efficiency in the educational process (OS2). The data collection process took into consideration the learning objects proposed by the teaching unit and the semi-structured interview conducted with the primary teachers. The whole analysis and the interpretation led us to the following conclusion: introducing RRI dimensions in the teaching strategy - even from early ages - positively motivates students and stimulates their active participation during the science lessons, determining so an intense process of deep learning of the related scientific content and developing of a desirable social behavior in relation to social and educational environment.
    Keywords: Responsible Research and Innovation, science education, primary level, 6E model, IRRESISTIBLE Project
    JEL: I21 I29
  21. By: Katarzyna Sukiennik (Czestochowa University of Technology); Tomasz Szczepanik (Czestochowa University of Technology); Robert Sałek (Czestochowa University of Technology); Wioletta Skibińska (Czestochowa University of Technology)
    Abstract: In the article was presented managing transport in the forwarding enterprise using modern tools. The transport process requires joining many crucial elements Which in the direct way influence the quality of services provided and the position of the company on the competitive market. Customers more and more often before making a decision on choice of the transit company draw on own experience. At present the product should be delivered in the shortest time the most possible, at lowest costs and keeping the appropriate Return quality of provided services. Forwarding tools used for managing transport are in our times well-known in many companies. The process finding the Competent transit company and delivering the parcel in the set time is time-consuming and requires having Suitable experience and Qualifications. Tools used in this process should be modernized what lets the Possibility of the company Increase. The main aim is to show the latest tools forwarding and ways to use them to improve the quality of transport services.
    Keywords: Management, transport, freight forwarding, forwarding tools, innovations
    JEL: M21
  22. By: Saul Estrin; Tomasz Mickiewicz; Ute Stephan
    Abstract: We advance research on human capital and entrepreneurial entry and posit that, in order to generate value, social entrepreneurship requires different configurations of human capital than commercial entrepreneurship. We develop a multilevel framework to analyse the commonalities and differences between social and commercial entrepreneurship, including the impact of general and specific human capital, of national context and its moderating effect on the human capital-entrepreneurship relationship. We find that specific entrepreneurial human capital is relatively more important in commercial entrepreneurship, and general human capital in social entrepreneurship, and that the effects of human capital depend on the rule of law.
    Keywords: human capital; education; commercial entrepreneurship; social entrepreneurship; institutions; rule of law; property rights; global entrepreneurship monitor; multi-level modelling
    JEL: L81
    Date: 2016–07
  23. By: Michel Aglietta; Guo Bai
    Abstract: Chinese reform is an endogenous process that feeds on its own contradictions, and creates its own way through stages, interspersed by crises that are part of the reform. The Directives paper issued by the central committee of the CCP at its third plenum in November 2013 is a theoretical compendium of a strategic view of the reform. The 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020), adopted in March 2016 by the People’s National Assembly of China, is the most articulated document to date and explains the objectives and their implementation over the next five years. In order to understand the Plan, this paper focuses on six paramount objectives from this long and detailed document: shift from capital accumulation-led growth to innovation-led growth; integrated urban-rural development; green development; inclusive development; finance and State-owned Enterprise-(SOE) reform; opening up to the world. The process of reform is acknowledged to be under way. The paper analyzes the objectives identified and their content and it highlights their interdependencies to underline the comprehensive “new normal” strategy. Quantitative targets: • Bottom line: 6.5% annual average growth GDP from 2016 to 2020 to double 2010 GDP per capita. • R&D expenditure: 2.5% GDP in 2020 from 2.1% in 2015. • Urbanization rate: 60% of population in 2020 from 56.1% in 2015. • Green development: by 2020 to reduce emissions per unit of GDP by 40, to 45% compared to 2005 levels. Increase the share of non-fossil fuel energy to 15% by 2020. • Social welfare: lift 55.75 million more people out of poverty by 2020. One-child limit increased to two children per couple. Extend coverage of urban welfare services to all residents. • Financial targets: merge 106 SOEs under central government ownership into 40 world-class groups in strategic industries. Achieve full Yuan convertibility by 2020.
    Keywords: Innovation-led growth;green development;State-owned enterprises (SOEs);debt cleaning
    JEL: O11 O53 P11
    Date: 2016–09
  24. By: Severine Le Loarne (MTS - Management Technologique et Strategique - Grenoble École de Management (GEM)); Adnane Maalaoui (ESG Paris – School of Business)
    Abstract: Purpose: This paper focuses on how entrepreneurs anticipate and change their company's business process management after developing a radical innovation. The paper is based on a critical approach to business process modelling (BPM) that posits that—in spite of all the claims, guides, and tools that companies employ to help them modelise their processes—business processes are developed and improved (or at least changed) by individuals who negotiate, anticipate, and compromise to make these changes occur. Thus, BPM is more a matter of "bricolage" (Levi-Strauss) than an established and defined plan. Based on this position, our paper analyses how a business process model emerges in the early phases of a high tech new venture when the entrepreneur lacks a valid template to form a conceptual representation of the firm's business processes. Design/Methodology/Approach: We adopt a perspective based on the concept of bricolage. By analysing and comparing the discourse of 40 entrepreneurs—20 involved in an activity based on a radical innovation and 20 involved in an activity based on a more incremental concept—we are able to answer the two research questions.
    Keywords: Discourse Analysis,Bricolage,Strategy as Practice,Entrepreneurship,Business Process Modelling
    Date: 2015

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