nep-ino New Economics Papers
on Innovation
Issue of 2013‒07‒05
eight papers chosen by
Steffen Lippert
University of Otago, Dunedin

  1. Le système territorial d’innovation en Russie : du soviétisme au capitalisme The Territorial Innovation System in Russia: Sovietism to Capitalism By Guillem ACHERMANN
  2. Global dynamic timelines for IPRS harmonization against software piracy By Antonio R. Andrés; Simplice A. Asongu
  3. Trade and innovation in services : evidence from a developing economy By Iacovone, Leonardo; Mattoo, Aaditya; Zahler, Andres
  4. Considerações sobre a Relação Demanda-Inovação em um Modelo Evolucionário By Thiago Calliari; Marco Valente; Ricardo Ruiz
  5. Les enjeux de la propriété industrielle appliques aux semences végétales The Challenges of Intellectual Property in Plant Seeds By Serge CAPOT; Didier PERUS
  6. Cannibalization, Innovation and Spin-outs By James D. Campbell; April Mitchell Franco
  7. Do Patent Citations Predict Market Value? The Case of Agricultural Biotechnology Patents By Naseem, Anwar; Singla, Rohit
  8. Firm Resources’ Entanglement Determines ITS Absorptive Capacity: A Review Towards A New Reconceptualization By Hammady Ahmed DINE RABEH

  1. By: Guillem ACHERMANN (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)
    Abstract: Le système territorial russe hérite d’une grande partie du système territorial de l’URSS. Les Soviétiques ont organisé l’espace selon une logique de planification étatique verticale. La transition économique des années 1990 a permis au marché de rationaliser le système productif russe. Le processus d’innovation soviétique s’en retrouve ainsi grandement touché. La Russie dispose de ressources naturelles abondantes et d’un parc industriel important. Restructurer le système territorial d’innovation devient un enjeu pour l’ensemble des acteurs du processus d’innovation. The Russian territorial system inherits the greatest part of the Soviet territorial system. The Soviets have organized the space according to the vertical state planning. The economic transition in the 1990s allowed the market to rationalize the Russian productive system. The Soviet innovation process is deeply affected. Russia has abundant natural resources and an important industrial park. Rebuild the territorial innovation system is a challenge for all the actors of the innovation process.
    Keywords: système territorial d'innovation, transition économique, Russie
    JEL: O3 P21 O52
    Date: 2013–05
  2. By: Antonio R. Andrés (Al Akhawayn University, School of Business Administration); Simplice A. Asongu (African Governance and Development Institute)
    Abstract: This paper employs a recent methodological innovation on intellectual property rights (IPRs) harmonization to project global timelines for common policies against business software piracy. The findings on 99 countries are premised on 15 fundamental characteristics of software piracy based on income-levels (high-income, lower-middle-income, upper-middle-income and low-income), legal-origins (English common-law, French civil-law, German civil-law and, Scandinavian civil-law) and, regional proximity (South Asia, Europe & Central Asia, East Asia & the Pacific, Middle East & North Africa, Latin America & the Caribbean and, Sub-Saharan Africa). The results broadly show that a feasible horizon for the harmonization of blanket policies ranges from 4 to 10 years.
    Keywords: Software piracy, Intellectual property rights, Panel data, Convergence
    JEL: F42 K42 O34 O38 O57
    Date: 2013–03
  3. By: Iacovone, Leonardo; Mattoo, Aaditya; Zahler, Andres
    Abstract: Studies on innovation and international trade have traditionally focused on manufacturing because neither was seen as important for services. Moreover, the few existing studies on services focus only on industrial countries, although in many developing countries services are already the largest sector in the economy and an important determinant of overall productivity growth. Using a recent firm-level innovation survey for Chile to compare the manufacturing and"tradable"services sector, this paper reveals some novel patterns. First, although services firms have on average a much lower propensity to export than manufacturing firms, services exports are less dominated by large firms and tend to be more skill intensive than manufacturing exports. Second, services firms appear to be as innovative as -- and in some cases more innovative than -- manufacturing firms, in terms of both inputs and outputs of"technological"innovative activity, although services innovations more often take a"non-technological"form. Third, services exporters (like manufacturing exporters) tend to be significantly more innovative than non-exporters, with a wider gap for innovations close to the global technological frontier. These findings suggest that the growing faith in services as a source of both trade and innovative dynamism may not be misplaced.
    Keywords: E-Business,ICT Policy and Strategies,Public Sector Corruption&Anticorruption Measures,Housing&Human Habitats,Commodities
    Date: 2013–06–01
  4. By: Thiago Calliari (ICSA-UNIFAL); Marco Valente (University of L’Aquila); Ricardo Ruiz (Cedeplar-UFMG)
    Abstract: This work aims to study the relationship among heterogeneity of demand and innovation taken by firms. Through the contributions of previous works – Valente (2008) and Valente (2012) – it is intended show how the influence of heterogeneous consumers regarding its perceptions, tolerances and preferences can modify market results – specifically on market share – of firms seeking innovation. The results show that can be relevant a better consideration of the “demand side” in “supply side” analysis, mainly the ones that consider technological change, as in evolutionary models.
    Keywords: evolutionary model, demand, heterogeneity, innovation.
    JEL: C63 L22 O33
    Date: 2013–06
  5. By: Serge CAPOT; Didier PERUS (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)
    Abstract: Nourrir la planète, est-ce toujours d’actualité ? Après plus de 30 ans d’Innovation et de création de nouvelles semences végétales protégées et stimulées par les Droits de Propriété Industrielle, les brevets OGM, Terminator et autres, sont utilisés à des fins strictement économiques sans prendre en compte les enjeux humanitaires et écologiques. Pour les nouvelles semences végétales, les brevets ne peuvent pas être uniquement des armes commerciales. De nouvelles réglementations sont à trouver afin de concilier les aspects économique, juridique et éthique. Des organisations déjà existantes, gouvernementales ou internationales, pourraient contrôler leurs applications en instaurant des comités éthiques et guides de bonnes pratiques… Is feeding the planet still relevant? After more than 30 years of innovation in new plant seeds protected and stimulated by Industrial Property Rights, GMOs, Terminator and other patents are today strictly used as economic tools, without taking account of humanitarian or ecological issues. For the new developed plant seeds, patents should not be considered as business weapons. New rules and guidelines should today be defined to combine economical, legal and ethical aspects. Governmental or international organizations that already exist could then control their applications by setting up ethics committees and guidelines for good practices….
    Keywords: Ethique, humanitaire, Droits de Propriété Industrielle, semences, OGM, Brevets
    JEL: O34 O13 O31
    Date: 2013–06
  6. By: James D. Campbell; April Mitchell Franco
    Abstract: When an idea for a new product arrives, will it be developed and by whom? We develop a spatial model in which an idea arrives to a researcher within the firm. Products are imperfectly substitutable, so that developing a new product that is close to an existing product will cannibalize some amount of the existing product's sales, and the cost to develop a new product is higher the further it is from an existing product. Together these forces mean that there exist ideas that can be developed more efficiently by the researcher as a spin-out than by the firm (due to the cost of fit) but that the firm prefers to buy out the researcher and either develop itself or discard (due to the potential loss from cannibalization). These inefficient outcomes occur for ideas at intermediate distance from the firm's existing portfolio, and are likelier and more severe the higher is demand and the greater the degree of substitutability.
    Keywords: -
    Date: 2013
  7. By: Naseem, Anwar; Singla, Rohit
    Keywords: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy,
    Date: 2013
  8. By: Hammady Ahmed DINE RABEH (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)
    Abstract: The capability of a company to absorb external information is crucial for companies, since knowledge is largely considered as a highly valuable source of competitive advantage. Accordingly, an increasing number of publications dealing with this issue have been performed. A plethora of academic works about absorptive capacity (hereinafter ACAP) indicates a need for reviewing it since there is no common agreement about a unique definition and measurement of the same. This paper, aims at shedding a new light on the state of art of absorptive capacity, offering at the same time a certain reconceptualization which may give a new insight towards a new re-dimensionalization of the ACAP construct. Such approaching is rooted in firm’s resources and capabilities, emphasizing the financial aspect, which has almost been neglected in prior researches about this issue.
    Keywords: absorptive capacity, innovation management, reconceptualization
    JEL: O32 O31
    Date: 2013–06

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