nep-ino New Economics Papers
on Innovation
Issue of 2006‒07‒15
eight papers chosen by
Koen Frenken
Universiteit Utrecht

  1. Persistence of Monopoly, Innovation, and R-and-D Spillovers: Static versus Dynamic Analysis By Kresimir Zigic
  2. Intellectual Property Rights Protection and the Location of Research and Development Activities by Multinational Firms By Rene Belderbos; Kyoji Fukao; Hyeog Ug Kwon
  3. A regional typology of innovation capacities in new member states and candidate countries. By Emmanuel MULLER; Arlette JAPPE; Jean-Alain HERAUD; Andrea ZENKER
  4. Technology Licensing to a Rival By Boivin, Caroline; Langinier, Corinne
  5. Knowledge-sourcing strategies for cross-disciplinarity in bionanotechnology By Isamel Rafols; Martin Meyer
  6. Innovation strategies for SMEs and clusters: the challenges of a globalised Europe By Massimo FLORIO; Emanuele OZZIMO
  7. Interactions between HQ and Divisions in a MNC - Some Consequences of IT Implementation on Organizing supply Activities By Svend Ole Madsen; Ole Stegmann Mikkelsen
  8. Technological Transfers, Limited Commitment and Growth By Alexandre Dmitriev

  1. By: Kresimir Zigic (CERGE-EI)
    Keywords: dynamic duopoly, R&D spillovers, persistence of monopoly, strategic predation, accommodation
    JEL: L12 L13 L41
    Date: 2006–07–04
  2. By: Rene Belderbos; Kyoji Fukao; Hyeog Ug Kwon
    Abstract: We develop a model of the location of global R&D investments by multinational firms, where research investments increase the number of varieties of goods sold globally by the firm, and development activities reduce the cost of producing existing varieties in specific countries. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) protection in a country enhances the efficiency of the firms' local research as well as the profitability local development efforts. We test predictions of the model on survey data on foreign and domestic R&D for 605 Japanese multinational firms with manufacturing activities in 42 foreign countries in 1996. We find the strength of IPR protection to have a positive impact both on development expenditures and research expenditures in a country, while both research and development expenditures are also sensitive to local wage costs. Research expenditures depend positively on technological opportunities in the industry and country, while development expenditures are positively affected by potential local demand for the firm's products.
    Keywords: R&D, multinational firms, Foreign Direct Investment
    JEL: F23 O32
    Date: 2006–06
  3. By: Emmanuel MULLER; Arlette JAPPE; Jean-Alain HERAUD; Andrea ZENKER
    Date: 2006
  4. By: Boivin, Caroline; Langinier, Corinne
    Abstract: Licensing a new technology implies introducing competition into the market. This has a negative effect on the profit of the incumbent if the demand remains unchanged. However, because of the novel content of an innovation, consumers may have different perceptions of the value of a good depending on the market structure. Thus, the introduction of a competitor into the market may enhance demand, and consequently have a positive effect on the profit of the incumbent. In a simple setting, we show that the incumbent may decide to license her technology even in the absence of a royalty when the positive effect outweighs the negative one.
    JEL: L1
    Date: 2005–09–19
  5. By: Isamel Rafols (SPRU, University of Sussex); Martin Meyer (SPRU, University of Sussex)
    Keywords: interdisciplinarity, collaboration, bionanotechnology, research, knowledge-sourcing, molecular motors
    JEL: O32 L65
    Date: 2006–07–05
  6. By: Massimo FLORIO; Emanuele OZZIMO
    Abstract: In this paper we discuss the challenges for the European SMEs fac ing increased global competition, and how it is possible to desig n innovative strategies through the new Regional Competitiveness and Employment Objective. First, the paper offers an assessment o f the importance of SMEs in the EU context and particularly in th e regions concerned by the new objective. Second, the paper will discuss how globalisation poses a serious thread to this developm ent pattern. Third, we briefly explain why further labour market and product liberalisation policies probably have a limited poten tial. Fourth, there is a wide empirical literature, and a lot of practical experience, on innovation strategies for SMEs and clust ers in Europe. The paper will offer a critical assessment of thes e findings and will suggest how to make the best use of the limit ed, but critical, resources available under the new Regional Comp etitiveness Objective.
    Keywords: EU Structural funds, SMEs, Clusters, Innovation strategies
  7. By: Svend Ole Madsen (Department of Environmental and Business Economics, University of Southern Denmark); Ole Stegmann Mikkelsen (Danfoss A/S, Denmark)
    Abstract: This article focuses partly on the interaction between a company headquarter and the divisions and partly on how new IT technologies can influence this process. Specifically, the influence of a newly developed Data Warehouse sys-tem organization of supply is investigated. Based on earlier perspectives, such as core competence and portfolio perspectives, the interactions are examined, and a third perspective, in which elements of the two are coordinated and inte-grated, is introduced. Based on a single case study of Danfoss A/S, the new IT opportunities are then used to illustrate the implications on the organisation of purchasing activities.
    Keywords: Strategic purchasing, multinational companies (MNCs), Informa-tion, Communication and Technology (ICT), organisational development
    Date: 2004–08
  8. By: Alexandre Dmitriev (Dept. d'Economia i d'Historia Economica Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
    Keywords: Incentive compatibility, technological diffusion, international capital flows, default risk, numerical algorithm.
    JEL: C63 F34 O33
    Date: 2006–07–04

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