nep-ino New Economics Papers
on Innovation
Issue of 2005‒09‒17
five papers chosen by
Koen Frenken
Universiteit Utrecht

  1. Knowledge Representation and Search Processes - a contribution to the microeconomics of invention and innovation By Frank Beckenbach
  2. Alternative Composite Lisbon Development Strategy Indices By Jong-Eun Oh; Almas Heshmati
  3. Ex-ante Evaluation of European ICTs Policies: Efficiency vs Cohesion Scenarios By Roberta Capello; Alessia Spairani
  4. New Economy – The Behavioral Issues By Parikh Indira J; Kollan Bharti
  5. Secteur économique en constitution et nouveau type d'emploi : l'exemple du secteur de la sonorisation de spectacle By Éliane Daphy; Odile Journet; Jean Saglio

  1. By: Frank Beckenbach (Department of Economics, University of Kassel)
    Abstract: Novelty creating processes have been mainly analysed in a 'post-revelation' situation and by taking a meso (or even macro) level perspective. One reason for this might be a methodological caveat according to which firstly the novelty creating process (henceforth: ncp) is totally conjectural without anything to generalize and secondly the results of a ncp can not be anticipated leaving only room for some after-the-fact-analysis on a more or less aggregated level. Without denying these assumptions the following considerations assume that it is worthwhile to analyse the ncp from a microeconomic perspective including 'prerevelation' situations. The subject matter of such an analysis is constituted by the following components: - the triggering conditions for ncps, - the constraints for ncps, - the expectations of agents/agencies promoting ncps, - the heuristics for ncps and finally - the processing of the ncps themselves. In this article I will deal with these topics by proceeding in the following manner: (1) I discuss the shortcomings of the usual analysis of ncp in evolutionary economics and pick up some hints of the cognitive sciences to overcome these conceptual shortcomings (section II). (2) I try to combine stylised facts of the microeconomic analysis of ncps with conceptual ideas about a cognitive architecture of agents and knowledge networks for getting a modelling framework. (3) I will present some preliminary simulation results for parts of this simulation model (section III).
    Date: 2005–08
  2. By: Jong-Eun Oh (TEPP, Seoul National University); Almas Heshmati (TEPP, Seoul National University and IZA Bonn)
    Abstract: This study addresses the measurement of two composite Lisbon strategy indices that quantifies the level and patterns of development for ranking countries. The first index is nonparametric labelled as Lisbon strategy index (LSI). It is composed of six components: general economics, employment, innovation research, economic reform, social cohesion and environment, each generated from a number of Lisbon indicators. LSI by reducing the complexity of the set of indicators, it makes the ranking procedures quite simple. The second and parametric index is based on principal component analysis. Despite the difference in the ranking by the two indices, it is shown that the United States outperformed most EU-member states. Our investigations also show evidence of significant dynamic changes taking place, as the countries of the Union struggle to achieve the Lisbon goals. The necessity of a real reform agenda in several old and new members and candidate countries emerges from our analysis.
    Keywords: economic development, economic integration, composite index, Lisbon Agenda
    JEL: O10 C43 F15 O57
    Date: 2005–08
  3. By: Roberta Capello; Alessia Spairani
    Abstract: Normative interventions in the ICTs sector at the European level are in fact mainly driven by the idea that the impacts of advanced telecommunications technology adoptions are related both to their capacity to increase competitiveness and to their potential influence on regional disparities, enhancing growth rates and development of weaker and less developed regions. The result is that the well-known trade-off between efficiency and cohesion emerges quite evidently. In this paper, the aim is to provide an ex-ante evaluation of EU ICTs policies on regional development and regional disparities, through a scenario building methodology which allows to calculate the increase in per capita GDP at NUTS 2 level for all 15 EU member states according to efficiency or cohesion policy options. In particular, the aims are to provide a cost assessment of efficiency and cohesion ICTs policies and to detect different regional response to ICTs policies, by highlighting different behavioural attitudes and reacting capacities of regions in front of alternative ICTs policy scenarios.
    Date: 2004–08
  4. By: Parikh Indira J; Kollan Bharti
    Abstract: The paper 'New Economy - The behavioral Issues' focuses on the impact of the Information Technology. The IT virtually has sipped into the very existing structure of the mankind, be it a kitchen or a corporate office. The paper contains a description of some of the main characteristics of New Economy, as well as its terminology. The fundamental role of Information and Communication Technology is highlighted. Today, the organization is at the cross roads as it is going through a transition period by shedding the baggage of traditional mode of working and accepting as well as trying to absorb the fast pace changing environment of the IT world. The paper explores the various plethora of New Economy, which is becoming as an octopus. It talks about the presence of IT in the global world, society as well as its grip on organization. The paper also provides a glimpse of how it affects on the very life of human being. Overall, the paper gives an indication not only of the importance of 'New Economy' but also of how it inter-linkages with our behavioral pattern.
    Date: 2005–08–30
  5. By: Éliane Daphy (LAU - Laboratoire d'anthropologie urbaine - - CNRS : UPR34); Odile Journet (GLYSI - Groupe lyonnais de sociologie industrielle (UMR Cnrs/Université Lyon 2), SPAN - Systèmes de pensée en Afrique noire - - EPHE;CNRS : UMR8048); Jean Saglio (GLYSI - Groupe lyonnais de sociologie industrielle (UMR Cnrs/Université Lyon 2), CRISTO - Centre de recherche : innovation sociotechnique et organisations industrielles - - CNRS : UMR5061 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)
    Abstract: Résumé du rapport de recherche sur le secteur de la production de spectacles<br /><br />Le développement récent du secteur d'activité de la « sonorisation de spectacles » (concerts en plein air de type festival, « grandes messes rock », ou autres Palais des sports comme Paris-Bercy...) sur lequel se sont focalisés les auteurs de ce rapport leur permet de tenter de valider les hypothèses de tout un courant de recherche s'inscrivant sous le paradigme de la spécialisation flexible. Au centre de l'analyse, les acteurs eux-mêmes, qui, dans la pluralité des modes de coordination qu'ils inventent, sont à l'origine de la production d'une nouvelle configuration industrielle.
    Keywords: Rapport de recherche ; Formes particulières d'emploi; Intermittent du spectacle; Free-lance; sonorisation de spectacle; nouveau secteur industriel
    Date: 2005–09–08

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